Profile updated on 12 June 2020
Jumbo flying squid
Humboldt squid, jibia, pota, calamar rojo, calamar gigante
Jumbo flying squid in the Eastern Pacific extends from the waters off Chile to the North American coast. The NE Pacific and SE Pacific represent genetically different stocks with some migration among them, in a genetic structure apparently influenced by oceanic currents (Sandoval-Castellanos et al. 2010).
In the SE Pacific, different groups have been identified based on size-at-maturity (Nigmatullin et al. 2001), but no genetic difference has been found between these sub-units ( (Xu et al. 2017). More recently, genetic results based on small sample sizes did not find differences between large and medium-size phenotypes, suggesting a single stock (metapopulation) in the SPRFMO Area (which extends on the High Seas, outside EEZs) and Peruvian, Ecuadorian and Chilean EEZs (SPRFMO 2019).