Glossary

Term Definition
501©(3)

US tax code section designating nonprofit status

ABC

acceptable biological catch

ACE

Annual Catch Entitlement – “property right, which gives the holder the right to take a certain weight of a fishstock during a fishing year”

ADFG

Alaska Department of Fish and Game

ADMB

Automatic Differentiation Model Builder

AFSC

Alaska Fisheries Science Center

AG-S-NZLL

Argos Georgia Ltd, Sanford Ltd, New Zealand Longline Line Ltd

AIP

Aquaculture Improvement Project

AIPCE

EU Fish Processors Association (Association des Industries du Poisson de l’UE)

ALC

Automatic Location Communicator

APRI

Indonesian Blue Swimming Crab Processors Association (APRI-Asosiasi Prosesing Rajungan Indonesia)

ASAP

Age Structured Assessment Program

ASC

Aquaculture Stewardship Council – an independent non profit organisation founded in 2010 by WWF and IDH (Dutch Sustainable Trade Initiative). The ASC’s main role is to manage the global standards for responsible aquaculture, which were developed through the series of WWF Aquaculture Dialogues. The ASC is now the leading certification and labeling program for farmed seafood.

ASI

Accreditation Services International – an independent accreditation body which delivers accreditation and other relevant services to the Forest Stewardship Council, the Marine Stewardship Council and other certification schemes worldwide.

ASPIC

A Stock Production Model Incorporating Covariates

ATSEA

Timor Seas Ecosystem Action program

B

biomass

B0

Virgin/unfished biomass

B20%

B20% B-virg. Level of spawning stock corresponding to a fraction (here 20%) of the unexploited biomass. Virgin biomass is estimated as the point where the replacement line for F=0 intersects the stock-recruitment relationship or as the biomass from a spawning stock per recruit curve when F=0 and average recruitment is assumed.

BMSY

Biomass at MSY. Biomass corresponding to Maximum Sustainable Yield from a production model or from an age-based analysis using a stock recruitment model. Often used as a biological reference point in fisheries management, it is the calculated long-term average biomass value expected if fishing at FMSY.

Blim

Limit reference point for spawning stock biomass (SSB). Below this value recruitment is expected to be ‘impaired’ or the stock dynamics are unknown. Below Blim there is a higher risk that the stock could “collapse”. The meaning of “collapse” is that the stock has reached a level where it suffers from severely reduced productivity.

Blrp

a lower limit reference point for spawning stock biomass (SSB), for which Blim and B20% are commonly regarded as proxies.

Bpa

precautionary reference point for spawning stock biomass (SSB). It is precautionary buffer to avoid that true SSB is at Blim when the perceived SSB is at Bpa. In general, management advice is aimed at avoiding the risk that the spawning stock falls below Bpa. However, Bpa should not be regarded as a target reference point (Btrp).

Btrp

an upper target reference point for spawning stock biomass (SSB), for which BMSY and B40% are commonly regarded as proxies.

BFAR

Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources

BFT

bluefin tuna

BG

Buoy gear

BLL

bottom longline

BMP

better management practices

BOMEC

Benthic Optimized Marine Environment Classification

BPA

benthic protection area

BRD

Bycatch Reduction Device

BRDs

Bycatch Reduction Devices

BSAI

Bering Sea and Aleutian Islands

BSC

blue swimming crab

BSPA

Baltic Sea Protected Areas

BT

Ben Tre

BTC

Ben Tre Co-op

CAFS

Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences

CASS

Conservation Alliance for Seafood Solutions

CAY

Current Annual Yield

CB

certifying body

CBD

Convention on Biological Diversity

CCA

RFE Crab Catchers Association

CCAMLR

Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources or Commission on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources

CCBSP

Convention on the Conservation and Management of Pollock Resources in the Central Bering Sea

CCSBT

Commission for the Conservation of Southern Bluefin Tuna

CCT-RDZCS

Comité Científico Técnico de Recursos Demersales de la Zona Centro-Sur (Scientific and Technical Committee for Demersal Resources of the South-Center Region) created under the New General Law on Fisheries and Aquaculture of Chile

CDS

catch documentation scheme/systems

CPUE

catch per unit effort

CRPBN-JPE

Comité Régional de Pêche de Basse Normandie

States of Jersey Department of Planning and Environment – Fisheries and Marine Resources

DD

data-deficient

DE

Denmark

DE-LJ

Denmark Limfjord

DL

drop/handline

DPPO

Danish Pelagic Producers Organization

DRB

Boat dredges

DRB_dgb

Digby dredges

DRH

Hand dredges

DWF

distant water fishing

DWG

Deepwater Group Ltd.

EA

environmental assessment

EB

environment and biodiversity

EBFM

ecosystem-based fisheries management

EBM

ecosystem-based management (see also ESBM)

EDF

Environmental Defense Fund

EEZ

Exclusive Economic Zone/Economic Exclusion Zone

EFH

essential fish habitat

EHK

Erzeugergemeinschaft der Hochsee- und Kutterfischer GmbH – client group of a Baltic herring fishery in MSC assessment and a MSC-certified North Sea saithe fishery

EIA

environmental impact assessment

EIP

Ecosystem Improvement Partnership

EPO

Eastern Pacific Ocean

ERA

Ecological Risk Assessment

ESB('000t)

Exploitable stock biomass

ESBM

ecosystem-based management (see also EBM)

ETBF

The Eastern Tuna and Billfish Fishery (ETBF) extends from Cape York, Queensland, to the South Australian/Victorian border and includes waters around Lord Howe and Norfolk Island and the high seas area under the region of concern of the Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission (WCPFC).

EU

European Union

F

fishing mortality

F0.1

http://www.fao.org/faoterm/viewentry/en/?entryId=98298​

FMSY

The fishing mortality rate which, if applied constantly, would result in Maximum Sustainable Yield (MSY).

Flim

limit reference point for fishing mortality (mean over defined age range). The limit reference point for fishing mortality Flim is the fishing mortality that is expected to drive the stock to the biomass limit when it is maintained over time. This is exploitation rate that is expected to be associated with stock ‘collapse’ if maintained over a longer time.

Fpa

precautionary reference point for fishing mortality (mean over defined age range). This is a precautionary buffer to avoid that true fishing mortality is at Flim when the perceived fishing mortality is at Fpa. In general, management advice is aimed at avoiding the risk that fishing mortality rate increases above Fpa.

Ftrp

target fishing mortality in a management plan or management strategy.

FAD

fish aggregating device/fish aggregation device/fish attracting device

FAO

Food and Agriculture Organization (United Nations)

FAQ

frequently asked question

FFA

Forum Fisheries Agency

FICZ

Falklands Interim Conservation and Management Zone

FIP

Fishery Improvement Project

FKNMS

The Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary

FL FWC

Florida Fish and Wildlife Commission

FMP

fishery management plan

FOCZ

Falkland Islands Outer Conservation Zone

FPO

Faroese Pelagic Organization

FR

France

FR-BN

France Basse Normandie

FRML

Fishing-related mortality limit (New Zealand)

FRQR

Federación Regional de Sociedades Cooperativas de la
Industria Pesquera del Estado de Quintana Roo, S.C. de R. L. (Regional Federation of Fishing
Cooperatives in Quintana Roo)

FTAD

Freshwater Trout Aquaculture Dialogue. The Aquaculture Dialogues are a series of roundtables organized by WWF bringing together farmers, retailers, NGOs, scientists and other aquaculture industry stakeholders worldwide to develop standards for responsible aquaculture.

G-PB

JSC Gidrostroy and Polar Bear Seafoods – client of a Russian salmon fishery in MSC assessment

GAA

Global Aquaculture Alliance

GADGET

Globally applicable Area Disaggregated General Ecosystem Toolbox

GB-J

Great Britain Jersey

GE

Germany

GFCM

The General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean is a Regional Fishery Management Organization (RFMO) consisting of 23 member countries along with the European Union, aiming “to promote the development, conservation, rational management and best utilization of living marine resources, as well as the sustainable development of aquaculture in the Mediterranean, Black Sea and connecting waters”.

GFSI

Global Food Safety Initiative

GIS

geographic information system

GLFC

Great Lakes Fishery Commission

GMFMC

Gulf of Mexico Fisheries Management Council

GOC

Gulf of California

GOH

Global Ocean Health

GOM

Gulf of Mexico

GP

Glaciar Pesquera S.A

GSA

Geographical Sub-Areas in the Mediterranean Sea region, as defined by the General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean (GFCM). There are 30 GSAs in the Mediterranean, Black Sea and connecting waters.

GSC

Global Steering Committee

GSGSSI

Government of Southern Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands

GTC

Global Trust Certification

GY

Guyana

HAPC

habitat area of particular concern

HCR

harvest control rule

HELCOM

Baltic Marine Environment Protection Commission

HG

Heiploeg Group

HMA

Hoki Management Areas are defined in the New Zealand Hoki fishery with the aim to to improve stock recruitment. Comprise closed areas to hoki fishing but are accessible to other species fishing.

HMS

highly migratory species

HSS

Harvest Strategy Standard

Harvest rate

(= harvest ratio) ratio between landings or catch in weight and stock (spawning, fishable/total) estimated biomass.

IATTC

The Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission

ICCAT

International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas

ICES

The International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES), which is a network of more than 1600 scientists from 200 institutes linked by an intergovernmental agreement (the ICES Convention) to add value to national research efforts. ICES is the prime source of scientific advice on the marine ecosystem to governments and international regulatory bodies that manage the North Atlantic Ocean and adjacent seas.

IDH

Dutch Sustainable Trade Initiative

IFFO

International Fishmeal and Fish Oil Organization

IFOP

Instituto de Fomento Pesquero – Chilean fisheries research institute

IFQ

individual fishing quota

IFREMER

French Research Institute for Exploration of the Sea

ILUFA

Inti Fajar Luhur Abadi

IO

Indian Ocean

IOTC

Indian Ocean Tuna Commission

IPHC

International Pacific Halibut Commission

IR

Ireland

ISC

International Scientific Community

ISIS

International Species Information System

ISSF

International Seafood Sustainability Foundation

ITQ

individual transferable quota

IUU

illegal, unregulated, and unreported

IVQ

individual vessel quota

JFA

Japanese Fisheries Association

JFRCA

Japan Fisheries Resources Conservation Association

JNRFC

Joint Norwegian-Russian Fisheries Commission

JP-HK

Japan Hokkaido

KML

Kelola Mina Laut (Indonesian shrimp processor)

LCA

length-cohort analysis

LDWF

Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries

LEC

Lake Erie Committee’s

LGPA

Ley General de Pesca y Acuicultura de Chile (New General Law on Fisheries and Aquaculture)

LHM

Handlines and pole-lines (mechanized)

LHM_pll

Pole-lines mechanized

LHP

Handlines and pole-lines (hand operated)

LHP_pll

Pole-lines hand operated

LK-RFM

Limfjords Kompagniet A/S and Royal Frysk Muscheln GmbH – clients of a Danish mussel and oyster fishery in MSC assessment

LPUE

landings per unit effort

LRP

limit reference point

LSSI

Lesser Sunda Sustainable Initiative

LTLF

low trophic level fisheries

LVFO

Lake Victoria Fisheries Organization

MAP

Mangrove Action Project

MAY

Maximum Annual Yield

MCSE

monitoring, control, surveillance, and enforcement

MCY

Maximum Constant Yield

MD

management-deficient (fishery)

MEC

Marine Environmental Classification (New Zealand)

MIS

management information system

ML

Maldives

MLS

minimum landing size

MOA

memorandum of agreement

MOU

memorandum of understanding

MPA

marine protected area

MPI

Ministry for Primary Industries (New Zealand Government)

MRAG

Marine Resources and Fisheries Consultants

MRI

Marine Research Institute

MSA

Magnuson Stevens Fisheries Conservation and Management Act

MSC Full Assessment

is an assessment process for getting global certification and eco-label for sustainable and well managed fisheries. If the fisheries pass the assessment, they will be awarded MSC certification. The MSC is the world’s leading certification and ecolabelling program for sustainable seafood.

MSPEA

Maldives Seafood Processors and Exporters Association

MSY

maximum sustainable yield

NAFO

Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization

NASCO

North Atlantic Salmon Conservation Organization

NEAFC

North East Atlantic Fisheries Commission

NEPA

National Environmental Policy Act

NESC

Norway Export Seafood Council

NFI

National Fisheries Institute

NGO

non-governmental organization

NIWA

National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research

NMFS

National Marine Fisheries Service

NOAA

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NPAFC

North Pacific Anadromous Fish Commission

NPFMC

North Pacific Fishery Management Council

NPS

National Park Service

NS

Norges Sildesalgslag

NWCR

North-Western Chatham Rise

OA

Ovenstone Agencies

ODDC

Oregon Dungeness Crab Commission

OFL

overfishing level

OPRT

Organization for the Promotion of Responsible Tuna Fisheries

OT-TTC

Ocean Trawlers – Three Town Capital

OY

optimum yield

PACPI

Philippine Association of Crab Processors (acc Phillips Seafood)

PAD

Pangasius Aquaculture Dialogue. The Aquaculture Dialogues are a series of roundtables organized by WWF bringing together farmers, retailers, NGOs, scientists and other aquaculture industry stakeholders worldwide to develop standards for responsible aquaculture.

PBCL

Pontchartrain Blue Crab of Louisiana

PFA

Pelagic Freezer Trawlers Association

PFMC

Pacific Fishery Management Council

PITIA

Pacific Islands Tuna Industry Association

POP

Productive Oceans Partnership

PPM-WWF

Productos Pesqueros de Matancitas S.A. de C.V. and the World Wildlife Fund.

PSC

Pacific Salmon Commission

QFC

Quantitative Fisheries Center

QMA

Quota Management Area

QMS

Quota Management System (New Zealand)

RAH

Recommended Allowable Harvest

RCT3

recruitment analysis program

RECOFI

Regional Commission for Fisheries

REDD

The United Nations Collaborative Program on Reducing Emissions
from Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Developing Countries

RFE

Russian Far East

RFMO

regional fishery management organization

RPA

Russian Pollock Association

RPSA

Russian Pollock Sustainability Alliance

RSS

RDF Site Summary (originally), now often called “Really Simple Syndication” – web feed formats

RU-II

Russia Iturup Island

SMSY

Spawning biomass at the maximum sustainable yield; also referred to as SSBMSY.

SAB

Science Advisory Board

SAD

Salmon Aquaculture Dialogue. The Aquaculture Dialogues are a series of roundtables organized by WWF bringing together farmers, retailers, NGOs, scientists and other aquaculture industry stakeholders worldwide to develop standards for responsible aquaculture.

SAFE

stock assessment and fishery evaluation

SAFMC

South Atlantic Fisheries Management Council

SAG

science advisory group

SARPC

Syndicat des Armements Réunionnais de Palangriers Congélateurs

SCA

Seafood Choice Alliance

SCAA

Statistical catch-at-age

SEAFDEC

Southeast Asia Fisheries Development Center

SEAFO

Southeast Atlantic Fisheries Organization

SEASL

Seafood Exporters’ Association of Sri Lanka

SFP

Sustainable Fisheries Partnership

SFPZ

Svalbard Fishery Protection Zone

SGSSI

South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands

SH

St. Helena

SHDA

St Helena Development Agency

SIDA

Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency

SIODFA

Southern Indian Ocean Deepsea Fishers Association

SIOFA

South Indian Ocean Fisheries Agreement

SK/BC

Sian Ka’an and Banco Chinchorro - Mexican biosphere reserves and location of spiny lobster fishery in MSC assessment

SLED

Sea Lion Exclusion Devices

SPANS

Seafood Producers Association of Nova Scotia

SPC

Secretariat of the Pacific Community

SPPO

Sveriges Pelagiska Producent Organisation – client of a Baltic and North Sea herring and sprat fishery in MSC assessment

SPRFMO

South Pacific Regional Fisheries Management Organisation

SPSG

Scottish Pelagic Sustainability Group

SRA

Stock Reduction Analysis

SSB

Spawning Stock Biomass. The total weight of all fish (both males and females) in the population which contribute to reproduction.

SSL

Stellar Sea Lions

STECF

Scientific, Technical and Economic Committee for Fisheries

SU

Suriname

SUBPESCA

Subsecretariat de Pesca (Chile)

SW

Sweden

SWSFC

South Wales Sea Fishery Committee

SakhNIRO

Sakhalin Research Institute of Fisheries and Oceanography

ShAD

Shrimp Aquaculture Dialogue. The Aquaculture Dialogues are a series of roundtables organized by WWF bringing together farmers, retailers, NGOs, scientists and other aquaculture industry stakeholders worldwide to develop standards for responsible aquaculture.

TAC

Total Allowable Catch. The TAC is the total catch allowed to be taken from a resource in a specified period (usually a year), as defined in the management plan. The TAC may be allocated to the stakeholders in the form of quotas as specific quantities or proportions.

TACC

Total Allowable Commercial Catch

TAD

Tilapia Aquaculture Dialogue. The Aquaculture Dialogues are a series of roundtables organized by WWF bringing together farmers, retailers, NGOs, scientists and other aquaculture industry stakeholders worldwide to develop standards for responsible aquaculture.

TAG

technical advisory group

TCI

Trust for Conservation Innovation

TCPG

Thai Crab Product Group

TED

Turtle Excluder Device

TEDs

Turtle Excluder Devices

TER

Tortugas Ecological Reserve

TGC

total global catch

TMANZ

Tuna Management Association of New Zealand

Trash fish

Discarded fish. Fish with little or no commercial value and not sorted by species before landing. Usually part of the trawlers’ by-catch. In the Gulf of Thailand, trash fish is used for aquaculture. It can also be used for fishmeal production. In many developing countries (e.g. China, India) it is used extensively for human consumption.

U('000t)

Survey biomass index

UAG

users advisory group

UN

United Nations

UNDP

United Nations Development Program

UNGEF

United Nations Global Environment Facility

US-HI

USA Hawaii

UWTV

underwater television

VME

vulnerable marine ecosystem

VMS

vessel monitoring system

VPA

virtual population analysis

WCP

Western and Central Pacific

WCPFC

Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission

WCPO

Western and Central Pacific Ocean/Western Central Pacific Ocean

WFF

Walton Family Foundation

WFOA

American Western Fish Boat Owners Association

WPRFMC

Western Pacific Regional Fishery Management Council

WTG

Walleye Task Group

WWF

World Wildlife Fund

XSA

Extended Survivor Analysis

nei

a FAO term meaning “not elsewhere included”; when is not possible to identify to the species and more than one species is included in the same group