Glossary

Term Definition
501©(3)

US tax code section designating nonprofit status

AAA

Areas Autorizadas para el ejercicio de la Acuicultura

AAHRDD

Aquatic Animal Health Research and Development Division

AAR

Aquaculture Activities Regulations

ABC

acceptable biological catch

ACE

Annual Catch Entitlement – “property right, which gives the holder the right to take a certain weight of a fishstock during a fishing year”

ACFS

National Bureau of Agricultural Commodity and Food Standards, MOAC

ACRDP

Aquaculture Collaborative Research and Development Program

ADFG

Alaska Department of Fish and Game

ADMB

Automatic Differentiation Model Builder

AFSC

Alaska Fisheries Science Center

AG-S-NZLL

Argos Georgia Ltd, Sanford Ltd, New Zealand Longline Line Ltd

AGD

Amoebic Gill Disease

AHPND

Acute Hepatopancreatic Necrosis Disease, formally known as Early Mortality Syndrome (EMS)

AIMS

Aquaculture Improvement Management System

AIP

Aquaculture Improvement Project

AIPCE

EU Fish Processors Association (Association des Industries du Poisson de l’UE)

ALC

Automatic Location Communicator

AMA

Aquaculture Management Area

AMDAL

Environmental Impact Assesment - Analisa Mengenai Dampak. Lingkungan

APRI

Indonesian Blue Swimming Crab Processors Association (APRI-Asosiasi Prosesing Rajungan Indonesia)

ASAP

Age Structured Assessment Program

ASC

Aquaculture Stewardship Council

ASEAN

Association of Southeast Asian Nations

ASI

Accreditation Services International – an independent accreditation body which delivers accreditation and other relevant services to the Forest Stewardship Council, the Marine Stewardship Council and other certification schemes worldwide.

ASPIC

A Stock Production Model Incorporating Covariates

ATSEA

Timor Seas Ecosystem Action program

B

biomass

B0

Virgin/unfished biomass

B20%

B20% B-virg. Level of spawning stock corresponding to a fraction (here 20%) of the unexploited biomass. Virgin biomass is estimated as the point where the replacement line for F=0 intersects the stock-recruitment relationship or as the biomass from a spawning stock per recruit curve when F=0 and average recruitment is assumed.

BMSY

Biomass at MSY. Biomass corresponding to Maximum Sustainable Yield from a production model or from an age-based analysis using a stock recruitment model. Often used as a biological reference point in fisheries management, it is the calculated long-term average biomass value expected if fishing at FMSY.

Blim

Limit reference point for spawning stock biomass (SSB). Below this value recruitment is expected to be ‘impaired’ or the stock dynamics are unknown. Below Blim there is a higher risk that the stock could “collapse”. The meaning of “collapse” is that the stock has reached a level where it suffers from severely reduced productivity.

Blrp

a lower limit reference point for spawning stock biomass (SSB), for which Blim and B20% are commonly regarded as proxies.

Bpa

precautionary reference point for spawning stock biomass (SSB). It is precautionary buffer to avoid that true SSB is at Blim when the perceived SSB is at Bpa. In general, management advice is aimed at avoiding the risk that the spawning stock falls below Bpa. However, Bpa should not be regarded as a target reference point (Btrp).

Btrp

an upper target reference point for spawning stock biomass (SSB), for which BMSY and B40% are commonly regarded as proxies.

BAP

Best Aquaculture Practices

BAPEDAL

The Environmental Impact Management Agency - Badan Pengendalian Dampak Lingkungan

BAPPEDA

Regional Development Planning Agency - Badan Perencanaan Pembangunan Daerah

BAPPENAS

National Development Planning Agency - Badan Perencanaan Pembangunan Nasional

BBP2HP

Center for testing application of fishery products 

BCSFA

British Columbia Salmon Farmers Association

BFAR

Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources

BFT

bluefin tuna

BG

Buoy gear

BKD

Bacterial Kidney Disease

BKPM

The Indonesian Investment Coordinating Board - Badan Koordinasi Penanaman Modal

BKPMD

Regional Investment Coordinating Board - Badan Koordinasi Promosi dan Penanaman Modal Daerah

BLL

bottom longline

BMP

Best Management Practices

BOD

Biological Oxygen Demand

BOMEC

Benthic Optimized Marine Environment Classification

BPA

benthic protection area

BRD

Bycatch Reduction Device

BRSDM

Marine and Fisheries Research Affairs and Human Resources - Badan Riset Dan SDM Kelautan Dan Perikanan

BSAI

Bering Sea and Aleutian Islands

BSC

blue swimming crab

BSFF

Bangladesh Shrimp and Fish Farmers Association

BSN

National Standardization Agency of Indonesia - Badan Standardisasi National

BSPA

Baltic Sea Protected Areas

BSTI

Bangladesh Standards and Testing Institute

BT

Ben Tre

BTC

Ben Tre Co-op

CAA

Coastal Aquaculture Authority

CAD

Prevalencia de Centros de Alta Diseminación (High Dissemination Centers)

CAFS

Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences

CAIA

Canadian Aquaculture Industry Alliance

CAPPMA

China Aquatic Products Processing and Marketing Alliance

CAR

Controlled Activities Regulations

CAS

Chinese Academy of Sciences

CASS

Conservation Alliance for Seafood Solutions

CAY

Current Annual Yield

CB

certifying body

CBD

Convention on Biological Diversity

CBIB

Cara Budidaya Ikan yang Baik – Good Aquaculture Practices

CCA

RFE Crab Catchers Association

CCAMLR

Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources or Commission on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources

CCBSP

Convention on the Conservation and Management of Pollock Resources in the Central Bering Sea

CCSBT

Commission for the Conservation of Southern Bluefin Tuna

CCT-RDZCS

Comité Científico Técnico de Recursos Demersales de la Zona Centro-Sur (Scientific and Technical Committee for Demersal Resources of the South-Center Region) created under the New General Law on Fisheries and Aquaculture of Chile

CDS

catch documentation scheme/systems

CEAA

Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency

CFIA

Canadian Food Inspection Agency

CIBA

The Central Institute of Brackishwater Aquaculture 

CIQ

Chinese Inspection Quarantine

CKIB

Cara Karantina Ikan Yang Baik - Fish Quarantine Guidelines

CMS

Cardiomyopathy Syndrome

CNA

Cámara Nacional de Acuautura

CNEMC

China National Environmental Monitoring Center

COMAPS

Coastal Monitoring and Prediction System

CONAMA

National Commission for the Environment

CP

Charoen Pokphand Foods Public Company Ltd

CPIB

Cara Pembenihan Ikan Yang Baik - Good Hatchery Practices

CPS

Preliminary Site Characteristics

CPUE

catch per unit effort

CRPBN-JPE

Comité Régional de Pêche de Basse Normandie

States of Jersey Department of Planning and Environment – Fisheries and Marine Resources

CSAS

Canadian Science Advisory Secretariat

CSRD

Coastal Resources for Sustainable Development 

Cd

Cadmium

CoC

Code of Conduct

CoGP

Code of Good Practice

DAH

Department of Animal Health

DARD

Department of Agriculture and Rural Development

DD

data-deficient

DE

Denmark

DE-LJ

Denmark Limfjord

DEEP

Department of Ecology and Environment Protection, Hainan 

DFHE

Division of Fish Health and Environment

DFISH

Directorate of Fisheries

DFO

Fisheries and Oceans Canada

DGA

Directorate General of Aquaculture

DIA

Declarations of Environmental Impact 

DJPB

Direktorat Jenderal Perikanan Budidaya (Directorate of Aquaculture)

DKP

Regional Department of Fisheries and Marine Affairs - Dinas Perikananan dan Kelautan Provinsi

DL

drop/handline

DLD

Department of Livestock Development, MOAC, Thailand

DLHP

Provincial Environmental Service - Dinas Lingkungan Hidup Provinsi 

DO

Dissolved Oxygen

DONRE

Department of Natural Resources and Environment 

DPPO

Danish Pelagic Producers Organization

DRB

Boat dredges

DRB_dgb

Digby dredges

DRH

Hand dredges

DSFC

Division of Standard System for Fishery Commodities, DoF, Thailand

DTQS

Department of Technology and Quality Supervision

DWF

distant water fishing

DWG

Deepwater Group Ltd.

DWPE

detention without physical examination 

DoE

Department of Environment

DoF

Department of Fisheries

EA

environmental assessment

EB

environment and biodiversity

EBFM

ecosystem-based fisheries management

EBM

ecosystem-based management (see also ESBM)

EC

European Commision

ECC

Environment Clearance Certificate

EDF

Environmental Defense Fund

EEZ

Exclusive Economic Zone/Economic Exclusion Zone

EFH

essential fish habitat

EHK

Erzeugergemeinschaft der Hochsee- und Kutterfischer GmbH – client group of a Baltic herring fishery in MSC assessment and a MSC-certified North Sea saithe fishery

EHN

Epizootic Hematopoietic Necrosis

EIA

Environmental Impact Assessment

EIP

Ecosystem Improvement Partnership

EMP

Environmental Management Plan

EMS

Early Mortality Syndrome

EPO

Eastern Pacific Ocean

EPRBA

Evaluación de Proyectos, Recursos Bioacuáticos y su Ambiente

EQS

Environmental Quality Standards

ERA

Ecological Risk Assessment

ESB('000t)

Exploitable stock biomass

ESBM

ecosystem-based management (see also EBM)

ESC

Enteric septicemia

ETBF

The Eastern Tuna and Billfish Fishery (ETBF) extends from Cape York, Queensland, to the South Australian/Victorian border and includes waters around Lord Howe and Norfolk Island and the high seas area under the region of concern of the Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission (WCPFC).

ETS

Effluent Treatment System

EU

European Union

EUS

Epizootic Ulcerative Syndrome 

EmBZ

Emamectin Benzoate

F

fishing mortality

F0.1

F zero point one. The fishing mortality rate at which the marginal yield-per-recruit (i.e. the increase in yield-per-recruit in weight for an increase in one unit of fishing mortality) is only 10 percent of the marginal yield-per-recruit on the unexploited stock. The fishing mortality rate at which the slope of the yield-per-recruit curve is only one-tenth the slope of the curve at its origin.

Gulland J.A. and L.K. Boerema (1973): Scientific advice on catch levels. Fishery Bulletin, 71(2): 325-335 via http://www.fao.org/faoterm/viewentry/en/?entryId=98298​

FMSY

The fishing mortality rate which, if applied constantly, would result in Maximum Sustainable Yield (MSY).

Flim

limit reference point for fishing mortality (mean over defined age range). The limit reference point for fishing mortality Flim is the fishing mortality that is expected to drive the stock to the biomass limit when it is maintained over time. This is exploitation rate that is expected to be associated with stock ‘collapse’ if maintained over a longer time.

Fpa

precautionary reference point for fishing mortality (mean over defined age range). This is a precautionary buffer to avoid that true fishing mortality is at Flim when the perceived fishing mortality is at Fpa. In general, management advice is aimed at avoiding the risk that fishing mortality rate increases above Fpa.

Ftrp

target fishing mortality in a management plan or management strategy.

FAD

fish aggregating device/fish aggregation device/fish attracting device

FAO

Food and Agriculture Organization (United Nations)

FAQ

frequently asked question

FCB

Faecal Coliform Bacteria

FDA

Food and Drug Administration

FFA

Forum Fisheries Agency

FGR

Fisheries General Regulations

FHI

Fish Health Inspectorate

FHL

National Federation of Fish and Aquaculture Industries

FHMP

Fish Health Management Plan

FICZ

Falklands Interim Conservation and Management Zone

FIP

Fishery Improvement Project

FKNMS

The Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary

FL FWC

Florida Fish and Wildlife Commission

FLE

Framework Law on the Environment

FLNRO

Ministry of Forests, Lands and Natural Resource Operations

FMA

Farm Management Area

FMAg

Farm Management Agreement

FMD

Fry Movement Document

FMP

fishery management plan

FMS

Farm Management Statement

FOCZ

Falkland Islands Outer Conservation Zone

FPO

Faroese Pelagic Organization

FQIA

Fish Quarantine and Inspection Agency

FR

France

FR-BN

France Basse Normandie

FRML

Fishing-related mortality limit (New Zealand)

FRQR

Federación Regional de Sociedades Cooperativas de la
Industria Pesquera del Estado de Quintana Roo, S.C. de R. L. (Regional Federation of Fishing
Cooperatives in Quintana Roo)

FTAD

Freshwater Trout Aquaculture Dialogue. The Aquaculture Dialogues are a series of roundtables organized by WWF bringing together farmers, retailers, NGOs, scientists and other aquaculture industry stakeholders worldwide to develop standards for responsible aquaculture.

FYP

Five Year Plan

G-PB

JSC Gidrostroy and Polar Bear Seafoods – client of a Russian salmon fishery in MSC assessment

GAA

Global Aquaculture Alliance

GADGET

Globally applicable Area Disaggregated General Ecosystem Toolbox

GAP

Good Aquaculture Practices

GB-J

Great Britain Jersey

GE

Germany

GERPARI

Independent Fish Feed Movement - Gerakan Pakan Ikan Mandiri 

GFCM

The General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean is a Regional Fishery Management Organization (RFMO) consisting of 23 member countries along with the European Union, aiming “to promote the development, conservation, rational management and best utilization of living marine resources, as well as the sustainable development of aquaculture in the Mediterranean, Black Sea and connecting waters”.

GFSI

Global Food Safety Initiative

GIFT

Genetically Improved Farmed Tilapia

GIS

geographic information system

GLFA

General Law and Fisheries and Aquaculture

GLFC

Great Lakes Fishery Commission

GMFMC

Gulf of Mexico Fisheries Management Council

GMO

Genetically Modified Organism

GMP

Good Manufacturing Practice

GOC

Gulf of California

GOH

Global Ocean Health

GOM

Gulf of Mexico

GP

Glaciar Pesquera S.A

GPMT

The Indonesian Feedmills Association - Gabungan Perusahaan Makanan Ternak

GSA

Geographical Sub-Areas in the Mediterranean Sea region, as defined by the General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean (GFCM). There are 30 GSAs in the Mediterranean, Black Sea and connecting waters.

GSC

Global Steering Committee

GSGSSI

Government of Southern Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands

GTC

Global Trust Certification

GY

Guyana

GiLS

Genomics in Sea lice and Salmon

H2O2

Hydrogen Peroxide

HACCP

Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points

HAPC

habitat area of particular concern

HCR

harvest control rule

HELCOM

Baltic Marine Environment Protection Commission

HG

Heiploeg Group

HMA

Hoki Management Areas are defined in the New Zealand Hoki fishery with the aim to to improve stock recruitment. Comprise closed areas to hoki fishing but are accessible to other species fishing.

HMFD

Hainan Marine and Fishery Department

HMS

highly migratory species

HPM

Hepatopancreatic microsporidiosis

HSMI

Heart and Skeletal Muscle Inflammation

HSS

Harvest Strategy Standard

HTSA

Hainan Tilapia Sustainability Alliance 

Harvest rate

(= harvest ratio) ratio between landings or catch in weight and stock (spawning, fishable/total) estimated biomass.

IATTC

The Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission

ICAFIS

International Collaborating Centre for Agriculture and Fisheries Sustainability

ICAR

The Indian Council of Agricultural Research

ICCAT

International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas

ICES

The International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES), which is a network of more than 1600 scientists from 200 institutes linked by an intergovernmental agreement (the ICES Convention) to add value to national research efforts. ICES is the prime source of scientific advice on the marine ecosystem to governments and international regulatory bodies that manage the North Atlantic Ocean and adjacent seas.

IDH

Dutch Sustainable Trade Initiative

IFFO

International Fishmeal and Fish Oil Organization

IFOP

Instituto de Fomento Pesquero – Chilean fisheries research institute

IFQ

individual fishing quota

IFREMER

French Research Institute for Exploration of the Sea

IHHN

Infectious Hypodermal and Haematopoietic Necrosis

IHHNV

Infectious Hypodermal and Haematopoietic Necrosis Virus

IHN

Infectious Haematopoietic Necrosis

ILUFA

Inti Fajar Luhur Abadi

IMAP

Integrated Management of Aquaculture Plans

IMN

Infectious Myonecrosis

INCOIS

Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services

INP

Instituto Nacional de Pesca

INTESAL

Instituto Tecnológico del Salmón of Salmonchile

IO

Indian Ocean

IOM

Integrated Operating Module

IOTC

Indian Ocean Tuna Commission

IP

Intra Peritoneal injection

IPHC

International Pacific Halibut Commission

IPN

Infectious Pancreatic Necrosis

IPSARD

Institute of Policy and Strategy for Agriculture and Rural Development 

IR

Ireland

IRBA

Investigación de los Recursos Bioacuaticos y su Ambiente

ISA

Infectious Salmon Anemia

ISAV

Infectious Salmon Anemia Virus

ISC

International Scientific Community

ISIS

International Species Information System

ISSF

International Seafood Sustainability Foundation

ITQ

individual transferable quota

IUU

illegal, unregulated, and unreported

IVQ

individual vessel quota

IndoGAP

Indonesian Good Aquaculture Practices

JFA

Japanese Fisheries Association

JFRCA

Japan Fisheries Resources Conservation Association

JNRFC

Joint Norwegian-Russian Fisheries Commission

JP-HK

Japan Hokkaido

KKP

Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan (MMAF)

KML

Kelola Mina Laut (Indonesian shrimp processor)

LCA

length-cohort analysis

LDWF

Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries

LEC

Lake Erie Committee’s

LGPA

Ley General de Pesca y Acuicultura de Chile (New General Law on Fisheries and Aquaculture)

LHM

Handlines and pole-lines (mechanized)

LHM_pll

Pole-lines mechanized

LHP

Handlines and pole-lines (hand operated)

LHP_pll

Pole-lines hand operated

LIPI

Indonesian Institute of Sciences - Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia

LK-RFM

Limfjords Kompagniet A/S and Royal Frysk Muscheln GmbH – clients of a Danish mussel and oyster fishery in MSC assessment

LPUE

landings per unit effort

LRP

limit reference point

LSSI

Lesser Sunda Sustainable Initiative

LTLF

low trophic level fisheries

LVFO

Lake Victoria Fisheries Organization

MAB

Maximum Allowable Biomass

MAGAP

Ministerio de Agricultura, Ganadería, Acuacultura y Pesca

MAP

Mangrove Action Project

MARD

Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development

MAY

Maximum Annual Yield

MCSE

monitoring, control, surveillance, and enforcement

MCY

Maximum Constant Yield

MD

management-deficient (fishery)

MDs

Movement Documents

MEC

Marine Environmental Classification (New Zealand)

MEP

Ministry of Environmental Protection

MERP

Marine Environmental Research Program

MF-IMAP

Marine Finfish Integrated Management of Aquaculture Plans

MGSA

Ministerial Group for Sustainable Aquaculture

MIS

management information system

ML

Maldives

MLS

minimum landing size

MMAF

Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries

MOA

memorandum of agreement

MOAC

Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, Thailand

MOM

 Matfiskanlegg Overvåkning Modellering

MOM-B

 Matfiskanlegg Overvåkning Modellering in the production zone

MOM-C

 Matfiskanlegg Overvåkning Modellering in the transition zone

MONRE

Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment

MOU

memorandum of understanding

MPA

marine protected area

MPEDA

Marine Products Export Development Authority

MPI

Ministry for Primary Industries (New Zealand Government)

MRAG

Marine Resources and Fisheries Consultants

MRC

Mekong River Commission

MRI

Marine Research Institute

MRL

Maximum Residue Level

MS

Marine Scotland 

MSA

Magnuson Stevens Fisheries Conservation and Management Act

MSC Full Assessment

is an assessment process for getting global certification and eco-label for sustainable and well managed fisheries. If the fisheries pass the assessment, they will be awarded MSC certification. The MSC is the world’s leading certification and ecolabelling program for sustainable seafood.

MSPEA

Maldives Seafood Processors and Exporters Association

MSS

Marine Scotland Science

MSY

maximum sustainable yield

MWQI

Marine Water Quality Index

MaPP

Marine Planning Partnership for the North Pacific Coast 

MoE

Ministry of Environment

MoEF

Ministry of Environment and Forestry

MoFL

Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock

MoWR

Ministry of Water Resources

NAAHP

National Aquatic Animal Health Programme

NACA

Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia-Pacific

NAFO

Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization

NASCO

North Atlantic Salmon Conservation Organization

NBFGR

National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources

NCP

Plan Nacional de Control

NCZMA

National Coastal Zone Management Authority

NEA

Norwegian Environment Agency (Miljodirektoratet-Forside)

NEAFC

North East Atlantic Fisheries Commission

NEPA

National Environmental Policy Act

NESC

Norway Export Seafood Council

NFDB

National Fisheries Development Board

NFI

National Fisheries Institute

NGO

non-governmental organization

NIWA

National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research

NMFCA

The Norwegian Ministry of Fisheries and Coastal Affairs

NMFS

National Marine Fisheries Service

NMTIF

The Norwegian Ministry of Trade, Industry and Fisheries

NOAA

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NPAFC

North Pacific Anadromous Fish Commission

NPFMC

North Pacific Fishery Management Council

NPS

National Park Service

NRCP

National Residue Control Program

NS

Norges Sildesalgslag

NSFA

Norwegian Food Safety Authority

NSL

The Norwegian Seafood Association

NWCR

North-Western Chatham Rise

NaCSA

National Center for Sustainable Aquaculture 

OA

Ovenstone Agencies

ODDC

Oregon Dungeness Crab Commission

ODP

Ocean Disclosure Project

OFL

overfishing level

OIE

World Organization for Animal Health

OPRT

Organization for the Promotion of Responsible Tuna Fisheries

OSPAR

The Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic

OT-TTC

Ocean Trawlers – Three Town Capital

OY

optimum yield

PACPI

Philippine Association of Crab Processors (acc Phillips Seafood)

PAD

Pangasius Aquaculture Dialogue. The Aquaculture Dialogues are a series of roundtables organized by WWF bringing together farmers, retailers, NGOs, scientists and other aquaculture industry stakeholders worldwide to develop standards for responsible aquaculture.

PARR

Sustainable Aquaculture Program: The Program for Aquaculture Regulatory Research

PBCL

Pontchartrain Blue Crab of Louisiana

PCD

Pollution Control Department, MONRE, Thailand

PCR

Polymerase Chain Reaction

PD

Pancreas Disease

PFA

Pelagic Freezer Trawlers Association

PFMC

Pacific Fishery Management Council

PITIA

Pacific Islands Tuna Industry Association

PL

Post Larvae

PNC

Plan Nacional de Control

PNCIMA

The Pacific North Coast Integrated Management Area 

POP

Productive Oceans Partnership

PPC

Provincial People Committee

PPM-WWF

Productos Pesqueros de Matancitas S.A. de C.V. and the World Wildlife Fund.

PRC

People's Republic of China 

PRTR

Pollutant Release and Transfer Register

PSC

Pacific Salmon Commission

QAAD

Quarterly Aquatic Animal Disease Reports, NACA

QFC

Quantitative Fisheries Center

QMA

Quota Management Area

QMS

Quota Management System (New Zealand)

RAH

Recommended Allowable Harvest

RAMA

Reglamento Ambiental de la Acuicultura

RASFF

Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed

RCT3

recruitment analysis program

RECOFI

Regional Commission for Fisheries

REDD

The United Nations Collaborative Program on Reducing Emissions
from Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Developing Countries

RESA

Sanitary Regulations for Aquaculture

RFE

Russian Far East

RFMO

regional fishery management organization

RIA2

Research Institute for Aquaculture No.2

RMS

Running Mortality Syndrome

RPA

Russian Pollock Association

RPSA

Russian Pollock Sustainability Alliance

RSS

RDF Site Summary (originally), now often called “Really Simple Syndication” – web feed formats

RU-II

Russia Iturup Island

Renstra

Strategic Plan

SMSY

Spawning biomass at the maximum sustainable yield; also referred to as SSBMSY.

SAB

Science Advisory Board

SAC

Scientific Advisory Committee

SAD

Salmon Aquaculture Dialogue. The Aquaculture Dialogues are a series of roundtables organized by WWF bringing together farmers, retailers, NGOs, scientists and other aquaculture industry stakeholders worldwide to develop standards for responsible aquaculture.

SAFE

stock assessment and fishery evaluation

SAFMC

South Atlantic Fisheries Management Council

SAG

science advisory group

SAIC

Scottish Aquaculture Innovation Centre

SAP

Sustainable Aquaculture Program

SARF

Scottish Aquaculture Research Forum

SARPC

Syndicat des Armements Réunionnais de Palangriers Congélateurs

SAV

Salmonid Alphavirus

SCA

Seafood Choice Alliance

SCAA

Statistical catch-at-age

SCAP

Southern Centre for Agricultural Policy

SCI

Shrimp Club Indonesia

SCNAI

Strategy for a Competitive Norwegian Aquaculture industry 

SEAFDEC

Southeast Asia Fisheries Development Center

SEAFO

Southeast Atlantic Fisheries Organization

SEASL

Seafood Exporters’ Association of Sri Lanka

SEPA

Scottish Environmental Protection Agency

SESNAI

The Strategy for an Environmentally Sustainable Norwegian Aquaculture Industry 

SFP

Sustainable Fisheries Partnership

SFPZ

Svalbard Fishery Protection Zone

SGPVD

Salmon Gill Poxvirus Disease

SGSSI

South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands

SH

St. Helena

SHDA

St Helena Development Agency

SIAC

Sistema Integral de Attención Ciudadana

SIBATIK

Fish Drug Information System - Sistem Informasi Obat Ikan

SIDA

Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency

SIDI

Lake Indonesia Information System - Sistem Informasi Danau Indonesia

SIGES

Sistema Integrado de Gestión de Salmon Chile

SINAGAP

Ecuadorian Agro Information System

SINIA

The Sistema Nacional de Informacion Ambiental 

SIODFA

Southern Indian Ocean Deepsea Fishers Association

SIOFA

South Indian Ocean Fisheries Agreement

SIUP

Fisheries Business License - Surat Izin Usaha Perikanan

SK/BC

Sian Ka’an and Banco Chinchorro - Mexican biosphere reserves and location of spiny lobster fishery in MSC assessment

SKPT

Integrated Marine and Fisheries Centers - Sentra Kelautan dan Perikanan Terpadu

SLED

Sea Lion Exclusion Devices

SNH

Scottish Natural Heritage

SNI

Indonesian National Standards - Standar Nasional Indonesia

SPANS

Seafood Producers Association of Nova Scotia

SPC

Secretariat of the Pacific Community

SPF

Specific Pathogen Free

SPPO

Sveriges Pelagiska Producent Organisation – client of a Baltic and North Sea herring and sprat fishery in MSC assessment

SPR

Specific Pathogen Resistant

SPRFMO

South Pacific Regional Fisheries Management Organisation

SPRI

Scottish Pollutant Release Inventory 

SPSG

Scottish Pelagic Sustainability Group

SRA

Stock Reduction Analysis

SRS

Salmonid Rickettsial Septicaemia

SS

Suspended Solids

SSB

Spawning Stock Biomass. The total weight of all fish (both males and females) in the population which contribute to reproduction.

SSFC

Surat Thani Shrimp Farmers Club

SSL

Stellar Sea Lions

SSP

Sustainable Shrimp Program, Surat Thani Shrimp Farmers Club

SSPO

Scottish Salmon Producers Organization

STECF

Scientific, Technical and Economic Committee for Fisheries

SU

Suriname

SUBPESCA

Subsecretariat de Pesca (Chile)

SUMA

Sistema Único de Manejo Ambiental

SW

Sweden

SWSFC

South Wales Sea Fishery Committee

SakhNIRO

Sakhalin Research Institute of Fisheries and Oceanography

ShAD

Shrimp Aquaculture Dialogue. The Aquaculture Dialogues are a series of roundtables organized by WWF bringing together farmers, retailers, NGOs, scientists and other aquaculture industry stakeholders worldwide to develop standards for responsible aquaculture.

TAC

Total Allowable Catch. The TAC is the total catch allowed to be taken from a resource in a specified period (usually a year), as defined in the management plan. The TAC may be allocated to the stakeholders in the form of quotas as specific quantities or proportions.

TACC

Total Allowable Commercial Catch

TAD

Tilapia Aquaculture Dialogue. The Aquaculture Dialogues are a series of roundtables organized by WWF bringing together farmers, retailers, NGOs, scientists and other aquaculture industry stakeholders worldwide to develop standards for responsible aquaculture.

TAG

technical advisory group

TCB

Total Coliform Bacteria

TCI

Trust for Conservation Innovation

TCPG

Thai Crab Product Group

TED

Turtle Excluder Device

TEDs

Turtle Excluder Devices

TER

Tortugas Ecological Reserve

TFBZ

Teflubenzuron

TGC

total global catch

TMANZ

Tuna Management Association of New Zealand

TMSFA

Thai Marine Shrimp Farmers Association

TSFR

Thai Sustainable Fishmeal Roundtable

ThaiGAP

Thailand Good Aquaculture Practices

TiLV

Tilapia Lake Virus

Trash fish

Discarded fish. Fish with little or no commercial value and not sorted by species before landing. Usually part of the trawlers’ by-catch. In the Gulf of Thailand, trash fish is used for aquaculture. It can also be used for fishmeal production. In many developing countries (e.g. China, India) it is used extensively for human consumption.

U('000t)

Survey biomass index

UAG

users advisory group

UKL

Environmental Management Measures - Upaya Pengelolaan Lingkungan

UN

United Nations

UNDP

United Nations Development Program

UNEP

United Nations Environment Program

UNGEF

United Nations Global Environment Facility

UPL

Environmental Monitoring Measures - Upaya Pemantauan Lingkungan

UPT

Technical Implementation Units - Unit Pelaksana Teknis

UPTD

Regional Technical Implementation Unit - Unit Pelaksana Teknis Daerah Tingkat Provinsi

US-HI

USA Hawaii

UWTV

underwater television

VASEP

Vietnam Association of Seafood Exporters and Producers

VBQPPL

Legal Normative Documents - Vietnam

VDD

Veterinary Drugs Directorate

VHS

Viral Haemorrhagic Septicaemia

VINAFIS

Vietnam Fisheries Association

VINAPA

Vietnam Pangasius Association

VME

vulnerable marine ecosystem

VMS

vessel monitoring system

VPA

virtual population analysis

VietGAP

Vietnamese Good Agricultural Practices

WAHIS

World Animal Health Information System/Database

WB

World Bank

WCP

Western and Central Pacific

WCPFC

Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission

WCPO

Western and Central Pacific Ocean/Western Central Pacific Ocean

WFD

Water Framework Directive

WFF

Walton Family Foundation

WFOA

American Western Fish Boat Owners Association

WFS

White Feces Syndrome

WMS

White Muscle Syndrome

WPRFMC

Western Pacific Regional Fishery Management Council

WSD

White Spot Disease

WTG

Walleye Task Group

WWF

Worldwide Fund for Nature

XSA

Extended Survivor Analysis

YHD

Yellowhead Disease

YHV

Yellowhead virus

nei

a FAO term meaning “not elsewhere included”; when is not possible to identify to the species and more than one species is included in the same group