Last updated on 3 October 2018

SUMMARY

SUMMARY

IDENTIFICATION

SCIENTIFIC NAME(s)

Pollachius virens

SPECIES NAME(s)

Saithe

The stock structure is not totally clear; migrations are detected among the areas according to tagging experiments (Jakobsen and Olsen, 1987; Jákupsstovu, 1999 in ICES, 2014b). Magnitude of migrations seem to differ among the areas studied due to the topography or distance and further studies are recommended (Homrum et al., 2013). Four assessment units are considered within the NE Atlantic region for evaluation of the stock condition as well as for management purposes:
1 – Barents Sea (Subareas I and II, Northeast Arctic), mainly along the coast of Norway south to 62ºN (this profile). Haddock and cod are also targeted in this fishery.
2 – Icelandic (Division Va),
3 – North Sea, Skagerrak, west of Scotland and the Rockall (Divisions IIIa, IV and Subarea VI).
4 – Faroe Islands (Division Vb).

This fishery was recertified by the Marine Stewardship Council system in June 2013. Click here to link to the MSC fishery page and to learn more about the MSC fishery certification unit.


ANALYSIS

Strengths

There is a management plan which is consistent with the precautionary approach. Precautionary reference points have been defined. Several fisheries on the stock are certified by the Marine Stewardship Council. Discards are low. Work is in progress to set MSY reference points. Catches are below set TACs, and TACs have been in line with scientific advice.

Weaknesses

The stock biomass has been decreasing since 2008 and is now just slightly above biomass target reference point. Fishing mortality has decreased in 2013 but remains too high. Recruitment indexes are not reliable. Port sampling effort has decreased considerably, which may affect the overall quality of the assessment input data (e.g., catch, maturity at age).

There is only one MSC certification condition in place regarding the nature and extent of retained species.

FISHSOURCE SCORES

Management Quality:

Management Strategy:

≥ 8

Managers Compliance:

10

Fishers Compliance:

10

Stock Health:

Current
Health:

8.6

Future Health:

7.2


RECOMMENDATIONS

CATCHERS & REGULATORS
  • Start a fishery improvement project to address sustainability issues in this fishery. For advice on starting a FIP, see SFP’s Seafood Industry Guide to FIPs.
  • Communicate to fishery managers that there are sustainability issues in this fishery that may be affecting the sale of products, and request that they comprehensively evaluate and address such issues.
  • Work actively to address and close out conditions placed upon the certification of the fishery in the agreed timeframe.
  • Report achievements publicly to share progress with buyers.
    RETAILERS & SUPPLY CHAIN
    • Encourage your supply chain to start a fishery improvement project. For advice on starting a FIP see SFP’s Seafood Industry Guide to FIPs.
    • Work with other suppliers and buyers on a pre-competitive basis to start a supply chain roundtable to review improvement needs in this and other similar fisheries, catalyze fishery improvement projects, and monitor progress in improvement efforts.
    • Monitor the progress in closing out conditions placed upon the certification of the fishery and if agreed timelines are met.
    • Express your support to help meet conditions that may be at a government/regulatory level (where applicable).

      FIPS

      No related FIPs

      CERTIFICATIONS

      • Norway North East Arctic saithe:

        MSC Recertified

      Fisheries

      Within FishSource, the term "fishery" is used to indicate each unique combination of a flag country with a fishing gear, operating within a particular management unit, upon a resource. That resource may have a known biological stock structure and/or may be assessed at another level for practical or jurisdictional reasons. A fishery is the finest scale of resolution captured in FishSource profiles, as it is generally the scale at which sustainability can most fairly and practically be evaluated.

      ASSESSMENT UNIT MANAGEMENT UNIT FLAG COUNTRY FISHING GEAR
      Barents Sea EU/Norway Faroe Islands Bottom trawls
      France Bottom trawls
      Single boat bottom otter trawls
      Germany Bottom trawls
      Iceland Single boat bottom otter trawls
      United Kingdom Single boat bottom otter trawls
      Greenland/Russia & Greenland/Norway Greenland Bottom trawls
      Russia/Norway Norway Bottom trawls
      Danish seines
      Gillnets and entangling nets
      Mechanized lines
      Purse seines
      Russian Federation Bottom trawls

      Analysis

      OVERVIEW

      Last updated on 11 July 2014

      Strengths

      There is a management plan which is consistent with the precautionary approach. Precautionary reference points have been defined. Several fisheries on the stock are certified by the Marine Stewardship Council. Discards are low. Work is in progress to set MSY reference points. Catches are below set TACs, and TACs have been in line with scientific advice.

      Weaknesses

      The stock biomass has been decreasing since 2008 and is now just slightly above biomass target reference point. Fishing mortality has decreased in 2013 but remains too high. Recruitment indexes are not reliable. Port sampling effort has decreased considerably, which may affect the overall quality of the assessment input data (e.g., catch, maturity at age).

      Russia/Norway
      Norway

      Last updated on 11 July 2014

      There is only one MSC certification condition in place regarding the nature and extent of retained species.

      RECOMMENDATIONS

      Last updated on 3 January 2017

      Improvement Recommendations to Catchers & Regulators
      • Start a fishery improvement project to address sustainability issues in this fishery. For advice on starting a FIP, see SFP’s Seafood Industry Guide to FIPs.
      • Communicate to fishery managers that there are sustainability issues in this fishery that may be affecting the sale of products, and request that they comprehensively evaluate and address such issues.
      Recommendations to Retailers & Supply Chain
      • Encourage your supply chain to start a fishery improvement project. For advice on starting a FIP see SFP’s Seafood Industry Guide to FIPs.
      • Work with other suppliers and buyers on a pre-competitive basis to start a supply chain roundtable to review improvement needs in this and other similar fisheries, catalyze fishery improvement projects, and monitor progress in improvement efforts.
      Russia/Norway
      Norway

      Last updated on 3 January 2017

      Improvement Recommendations to Catchers & Regulators
      • Work actively to address and close out conditions placed upon the certification of the fishery in the agreed timeframe.
      • Report achievements publicly to share progress with buyers.
      Recommendations to Retailers & Supply Chain
      • Monitor the progress in closing out conditions placed upon the certification of the fishery and if agreed timelines are met.
      • Express your support to help meet conditions that may be at a government/regulatory level (where applicable).

      1.STOCK STATUS

      STOCK ASSESSMENT

      Last updated on 10 July 2014

      During the first couple of years of life, saithe have a near-shore distribution (virtually inaccessible for commercial gears); larvae drift northwards, settle in inshore areas and migrate to the coastal areas at age two to four (ONS, 2011).

      The assessment of the Northeast Arctic saithe stock in Subareas I and II is carried out by the Arctic Fisheries Working Group (AFWG) from ICES. The latest assessment, based on the Inter-Benchmark Protocol (IBP) on Northeast Arctic Saithe (ICES, 2014b), was conducted using an state–space assessment (SAM) model with a 3-15+ catch matrix, and based on commercial catch data from the Norwegian, Russian and German fisheries, indices from a Norwegian acoustic survey, and average maturity data from spawning zones (ICES, 2014a,c). Misreporting of landed cod as saithe is apparently occurring due to the declining availability and quotas of cod and a better availability of saithe. A fixed natural mortality of 0.2 for all age groups was used both in the assessment and the forecast (ICES, 2014c). Discards are not included and are assumed negligible (ICES, 2014a). The biological sampling from some vessel groups has decreased considerably, which may affect the overall quality of the input data (e.g., catch, weight, maturity at age) (ICES, 2014c). Lack of reliable recruitment estimates is still considered a major problem (ICES, 2014a)

      SCIENTIFIC ADVICE

      Last updated on 10 July 2014

      In 2010, ICES started a transition to a Maximum Sustainable Yield (MSY) approach for scientific advice (ICES, 2010). Work is in progress to set MSY reference points for saithe Barents sea stock (ICES, 2014a,c).

      ICES advice is based on the harvest control rule (HCR), anticipated in the management plan adopted by Norwegian authorities. Following the management plan, which pertains to all catches of Northeast Arctic Saithe, will imply a TAC of 122,000 tonnes in 2015 (ICES, 2014a). Under this scenario, SSB is expected to remain above Bpa in 2016. ICES has concluded that the HCR is consistent with the precautionary approach (ICES, 2014a).

      The precautionary approach scenario implies that fishing mortality in 2015 should not exceed Fpa (0.35), corresponding to a catch limit of 128,000 tonnes. This is also expected to maintain SSB above Bpa in 2016 (ICES, 2014a).

      ICES’s additional recommendation is to keep bycatches of coastal cod and golden redfish as low as possible (ICES, 2014a).

      Reference Points

      Last updated on 10 Jul 2014

      Work is in progress to set MSY reference points for saithe Barents sea stock (ICES, 2014c).
      In terms of the precautionary approach, ICES defined the precautionary level for stock biomass (Bpa) at 220,000 tonnes and the precautionary level for fishing mortality (Fpa) at 0.35. The limit reference point for spawning stock biomass (Blim) is 136,000 tonnes; (Flim) is defined at 0.58 (ICES, 2014a).

      The reference points used in the Norwegian management plan are a trigger biomass (Trigger SSBMP) of 220,000 tonnes (= Bpa), and a target fishing mortality (Ftrp) of 0.32. The target fishing mortality was revised in 2013 (ICES, 2014a).

      CURRENT STATUS

      Last updated on 10 July 2014

      According to the 2014 assessment, the stock remains at healthy levels, but fishing mortality is still too high. Spawning stock biomass has been declining since 2006 but remains above the biomass target reference point (Bpa). SSB in 2014 was estimated at 250 thousand tonnes, 14% above Bpa. Fishing mortality in 2013 was estimated at 0.38, i.e., 20% above the recently revised management plan target (Ftrp = 0.32). The last relatively strong recruitment was observed in 2010; recruitment in 2013 was estimated to be around the long-term average but uncertainty is high (ICES, 2014a).

      Trends

      Last updated on 10 Jul 2014

      Saithe landings data is available since 1960. Landings reached a maximum of 265,000 tonnes in 1970. After a six-year period of landings above 200 thousand tonnes, landings declined during the following years to an historical low of 67 thousand tonnes in 1986. An increasing trend was then observed between 1987 and 2006, when total reported landings reached 213 thousand tonnes. Since 2007, saithe landings have been declining (ICES, 2014a).

      From 1960-1970, saithe spawning stock biomass (SSB) ranged from 455,000-565,000 tonnes. After that period, SSB decreased to low levels (to below Bpa), reaching the lowest value in 1987 (around 73,000 tonnes). An increasing trend was then observed for the following 20 years, with SSB reaching the second highest historical value in 2005 (574,000 tonnes) (ICES, 2014a). Since then SSB has been declining, with the 2013 estimate (250,000 tonnes) representing 55% of the estimated for 2005.

      Following an historical low in the early-2000s, fishing mortality increased from 2004-2012, and has been above the management target (Ftrp = 0.32) since 2008. In 2013, F has decreased by 7% compared to 2012 (ICES, 2014a).

      2.MANAGEMENT QUALITY

      MANAGEMENT

      Last updated on 10 July 2014

      Total Allowable Catches (TACs) are in place for the Barents sea (or Northeast Arctic) Saithe stock and set annually by the Norwegian and Russian governments. Within the Norwegian fishery, quotas may be transferred between fleets if the quota allocated to one of the fleets is not expected to be taken. The stock is exploited by fleets from different nations which acquire fishing rights by quota swaps with Norway; Russia sets a small quota for its own zone. ICES advice relates to catches of all Northeast Arctic Saithe (ICES, 2014a).

      In addition to TAC regulations, minimum mesh size, minimum landing sizes, bycatch regulations, sorting grids in the trawl fishery, area closures and other area and seasonal restrictions are applied (ICES, 2011a). The minimum landing size of saithe is 45 cm for trawl and conventional gears, 42 cm for the north of Lofoten, 40 cm (between 62°N and Lofoten) for purse-seine, and 35cm for the first 3,000 tonnes caught by purse-seiners between 62°N and 66° 33΄N. A real time closure system has been in force along the Norwegian Coast and in the Barents Sea since 1984, aimed at protecting juvenile fish (ICES, 2014a).

      The set TAC for 2014 was 119,000 tonnes (Norwegian TAC only; TAC for Russian EEZ is not included), a reduction of 15% in relation to the TAC set in 2013 (140,000 tonnes) (ICES, 2014a). From 2003 onwards the set TAC has been in accordance with the scientifically advised. In 2014, the set TAC was set 15% below the advised (140,000 tonnes) (ICES, 2014a).

      Several fisheries targeting Saithe are within the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) program: Norway North East Arctic saithe (Certified since 2008), Euronor saithe (Certified since 2010), Scapêche and Compagnie de Pêche de St. Malo (Certified since 2011), UK Fisheries/DFFU/Doggerbank Northeast Arctic saithe (Certified since 2012) and Greenland cod, haddock and saithe trawl (under Full Assessment).

      Recovery Plans

      Last updated on 10 Jul 2014

      There is a defined harvest control rule (HCR) in place for the stock of saithe in Subareas I and II proposed by the Norwegian Ministry of Fisheries and Coastal Affairs and evaluated by ICES in 2007. This management plan focuses on maintaining high long-term yield, year-to-year stability, and full utilization of all available information on the stock dynamics. The HCR aims to maintain target fishing mortality (Ftrp) at a level of 0.32 and limit between-year TAC change to no more than 15%, expecting to rebuild a depleted stock to a level above Blim within three years. The fishing mortality is to be reduced linearly to zero should the spawning stock biomass (SSB) drop to values below Bpa. The implemented management plan involves a TAC level estimation based on the average of predicted catches for the coming 3 years while fishing at Ftrp, which results in a TAC of 122,000 tonnes in 2015(ICES, 2014a,c).

      ICES has concluded that the Norwegian proposal for a HCR for setting the annual fishing quota (TAC) for Northeast Arctic saithe is consistent with the precautionary approach, as long as uncertainties and errors present in the assessment are not greater than those calculated from historic data (ICES, 2011a,b). Highest long-term yield is obtained at F values(0.32) lower than the F = 0.35 currently used in the management plan. More work on this is needed to determine an FMSY value that may be considered as a basis for changing the harvest control rule (ICES, 2012).

      Russia/Norway
      Norway

      Last updated on 10 July 2014

      The Norway North East Arctic saithe fishery is certified since June 2008 by the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) and re-certified by June 2013. A single condition regarding the retained species was defined. More specifically, increased research is needed on ling (Molva molva) and tusk (Brosme brosme), in order to define reference points and develop a sustainable management strategy for these stocks (Nichols et al., 2013).

      COMPLIANCE

      Last updated on 8 July 2014

      From 1989 to 2001 landings exceeded the set TAC, but since 2002 landings have in general been below the TAC. In 2013 for example, total landings (131,830 tonnes) were 6% below the set TAC (ICES, 2014a). Discarding is illegal. Although some discarding may occur (e.g., in fisheries targeting cod without fishing quotas for saithe), discards are in general considered minor.In recent years there is notice of misreporting due to both decreasing quota and availability of cod, which is landed as saithe. Slipping has been reported in the purse seine fishery, mostly related with the small size of fish(ICES, 2014a,c).

      Norway accounts for more than 90% of the landings. In 2013, about 49% of the catch originated from bottom trawl, 26% from purse seine, 15% from gill net and 10% from other conventional gears (long line, Danish sine and hand line) (ICES, 2014a).

      3.ENVIRONMENT AND BIODIVERSITY

      BYCATCH
      ETP Species

      Last updated on 10 July 2014

      The IUCN list for the Barents Sea includes a total of 56 species comprising 28 fish species, 9 bird species, and 18 mammal species (ICES, 2011b). Little is known about the specific impact of different gear type within the saithe fishery on PET species. Some elasmobranch species are known to be captured, including of the Critically Endangered blue skate Dipturus batis (IUCN, 2014), but bycatch levels are considered relatively low and unlikely to have significant negative impacts in the populations. EU regulations mandate this and two other Endangered species of rays (undulate ray Raja undulata and bottlenose skate Rostroraja alba) to be discarded, but misidentification of skate species exists (MEP, 2010).

      Harbour porpoise is subject to some bycatch in gillnet fisheries. In episodes of coastal invasion of arctic seals, large mortality of seals has been observed in net fisheries, but this has not been regarded as problematic for the state of the seal stocks due to the general good condition and low harvesting level of the stocks (ICES, 2014c). Mortality of large marine mammals due to bycatch has not been reported and is probably low (ICES, 2009b). In 2004 Norway initiated a monitoring program on bycatches of marine mammals in fisheries (ICES, 2014c). In 2009, the Norwegian Institute for Nature Research (NINA) and the Institute of Marine Research in Norway also started a cooperation to develop methods for estimation of bird by-catch; first results demonstrate that most of the fisheries have unimportant impact on bird mortality (ICES, 2014c).

      Russia/Norway
      Norway

      Last updated on 10 July 2014

      In terms of this specific fishery, by the re-certification, interactions between the fishery and marine mammals were considered infrequent; the numbers involved are trivial in population terms. Seabird bycatch is too low to justify formulation of an explicit strategy. The electronic logbook used by all vessels >15 m requires any interactions with seabirds (including ‘zero’ results) be recorded but this aspect of the system is not yet fully operational. Some elasmobranch species are known to be captured, including Leafscale gulper shark (Centrophorus squamosus), sandy ray (Leucoraja circularis), smooth-hound (Mustelus mustelus) and starry skate (Amblyraja radiata), classified as Vulnerable in the IUCN redlist (IUCN, 2014). Bycatch levels are considered relatively low however, and unlikely to have significant negative impacts in the populations (Nichols et al., 2013).

      Other Species

      Last updated on 10 July 2014

      Discarding is illegal. There are no quantitative estimates of the level of discarding available, but overall it is considered low; attempts to obtain better quantification are ongoing (ICES, 2014a,c). Due to its near-shore distribution saithe is virtually inaccessible for commercial gears during the first couple of years of life and there are no reports indicating overall high discard rates in the Norwegian fisheries. There are reported incidents of slipping in the purse seine fishery, mainly related to minimum landing size. For trawlers, discarding may occur when vessels targeting other species (e.g., cod) catch saithe, for which they may not have a quota or have already filled it. There are undocumented observations and comparisons of scientific samples from non-Norwegian commercial trawlers indicating that discarding may be substantial in certain areas and seasons (ICES, 2011b). Cod and haddock represent the majority of by-catch in the saithe fisheries (MSC, 2008; MEP, 2010), but other species such as coastal cod and golden redfish (Sebastes marinus) are also incidentally caught. Given the poor condition of both the Norwegian coastal cod and golden redfish stocks, ICES recommends that bycatches of these two species should be kept as low as possible (ICES, 2014a).

      Technical measures as sorting grids and large mesh sizes reduce by-catch of non-commercial species, which consist mainly of dab Limanda limanda, sharks and skates (ICES, 2005).
      The catching efficiency of lost gillnets has been examined for some species and areas, but at present no estimate of the total effect is available. Some small-scale effects are demonstrated, but the population effect is not known (ICES, 2011b).

      Russia/Norway
      Norway

      Last updated on 10 July 2014

      By the re-certifcation process a single condition was defined: a sampling programme should be developed to deliver sufficient information on the nature and extent of retained species is adequate to determine the risk posed by the fishery and the effectiveness of the strategy to manage ling (Molva molva) and (Nichols et al., 2013).

      HABITAT

      Last updated on 10 July 2014

      Saithe is found mainly along the Norwegian coast, but also occurs in the Norwegian Sea and in the southern Barents Sea. The 0-group saithe drifts from the spawning grounds to inshore waters. Saithe in Subareas I and II is an important predator on other species in the ecosystem, notably young herring and haddock and Norway pout (ICES, 2011a, b). Saithe is a typical migrating fish and makes both feeding and spawning migrations. There have been variations in distribution and migrating patterns over the years, but no link with environmental parameters has been established (ICES, 2011b).

      In general, in-depth high resolution mapping data over the Barents sea is still scarce. The MAREANO programme is giving priority to obtain relevant data and to see the ecosystem as a unity performing seabed and benthic habitat surveys and the development of ecosystem-based management, in a cooperation between Norwegian and Russian scientists. Vulnerable and valuable bottom areas have been pre-identified (Mareano, 2014).

      Trawls on hard bottom habitats are known to affect the associated ecosystem (e.g. anthozoans, sponges, abundance of corals); the impact on soft sediments is poorly known (ICES, 2014c). Effects of ghost fishing, namely by lost gillnets has also been investigated to some species and areas, but no quantitative estimates on the effects on ecosystems are still available (ICES, 2014c). Norwegian and Russian scientists are collaborating since 2008 and studying the use of pelagic or semi-pelagic trawls in order to minimize adverse ecosystem effects as well as save fuel (ICES, 2014c).

      Marine Reserves

      Last updated on 10 Jul 2014

      Norway has adopted the goal of establishing an international network of MPAs by 2010 and 2012. The National plan comprises 36 candidate Marine Protected Areas, already identified by Skjoldal (2005), was initiated in 2009, under the OSPAR convention and the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). More information at NOS, here and at the Directorate of Fisheries website.

      An area of about 2700 km2 of Norway’s marine waters is currently designated as protected under the Nature Conservation Act. Norway has an international responsibility to safeguard a representative selection of fjord and coastal areas of types that are not found anywhere else in the world. None of the national parks includes the skerries off the coast, and fjords are very poorly represented (Directorate for Nature Management, 2011). Russia’s eleven existing and proposed protected areas in the Barents Sea similarly focus on the protection of seabirds and seaducks and their coastal habitat.

      Real-time closures are enforced along the Norwegian coast and in the Barents Sea when the proportion of juveniles of cod, haddock and saithe exceeds 15% by number (or 30% in the purse seine fishery). Surveillance determines when the percentage has fallen and determines the reopening of the closed areas (ICES, 2014a).

      Russia/Norway
      Norway

      Last updated on 11 July 2014

      Research from the IMR shows that the amount of lost gillnets increases with depth, and that effects of ghost fishing in deeper waters may be greatest due to lesser rates of biofouling and tidal scouring. Strategies to mitigate the impact of fisheries on the seabed habitats include the closure to bottom fishing in five marine protected areas off the Norwegian coast (ICES, 2014c).

      FishSource Scores

      MANAGEMENT QUALITY

      As calculated for 2014 data.

      The score is ≥ 8.

      ICES has concluded that the HCR is consistent with the precautionary approach (ICES, 2014a,b).

      As calculated for 2014 data.

      The score is 10.0.

      This measures the Set TAC as a percentage of the Advised TAC.

      The Set TAC is 119 ('000 t). The Advised TAC is 140 ('000 t) .

      The underlying Set TAC/Advised TAC for this index is 85.0%.

      As calculated for 2013 data.

      The score is 10.0.

      This measures the Catch as a percentage of the Set TAC.

      The Catch is 132 ('000 t). The Set TAC is 140 ('000 t) .

      The underlying Catch/Set TAC for this index is 94.1%.

      STOCK HEALTH:

      As calculated for 2014 data.

      The score is 8.6.

      This measures the SSB as a percentage of the SSBpa.

      The SSB is 250 ('000 t). The SSBpa is 220 ('000 t) .

      The underlying SSB/SSBpa for this index is 114%.

      As calculated for 2013 data.

      The score is 7.2.

      This measures the F as a percentage of the F management target.

      The F is 0.383 (age-averaged). The F management target is 0.320 .

      The underlying F/F management target for this index is 120%.

      To see data for biomass, please view this site on a desktop.
      To see data for catch and tac, please view this site on a desktop.
      To see data for fishing mortality, please view this site on a desktop.
      No data available for recruitment
      No data available for recruitment
      To see data for management quality, please view this site on a desktop.
      To see data for stock status, please view this site on a desktop.
      DATA NOTES

      1) TACs are Norwegian only. Russia sets a small TAC for its EEZ (11,000 t in 2009). 2) Advised TAC for 2015 is based on the management plan scenario. 3) A quantitative score was defined for Score #1, since the Harvest Control Rule is considered precautionary (ICES, 2014a).

      Download Source Data

      Registered users can download the original data file for calculating the scores after logging in. If you wish, you can Register now.

      Fishery Improvement Projects (FIPs)

      No related FIPs

      Certifications

      Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)

      SELECT MSC

      NAME

      Norway North East Arctic saithe

      STATUS

      MSC Recertified on 16 June 2013

      SCORES

      Principle Level Scores:

      Principle North Sea Score Danish seine Score Trawl Score Purse seine Score Jigging and longline Score Others
      Principle 1 – Target Species 91.3 91.3 91.3 91.3 91.3
      Principle 2 - Ecosystem 90.0 88.7 91.7 90.7 90.0
      Principle 3 – Management System 98.0 98.0 98.0 98.0 98.0

      Principle Level Scores:

      Principle North East Arctic Score Danish seine Score Trawl Score Purse seine Score Jigging and longline Score Others
      Principle 1 – Target Species 91.3 91.3 91.3 91.3 91.3
      Principle 2 - Ecosystem 90.0 88.7 93.0 90.7 90.0
      Principle 3 – Management System 98.0 98.0 98.0 98.0 98.0

      Certification Type: Silver

      Sources

      Credits
      1. Cappell, R., Lassen, H., Pawson, M., 2015. Greenland Cod, Haddock and Saithe Trawl Fishery in the Barents Sea. Intertek Fisheries Certification. 284pphttps://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/fisheries-in-the-program/certified/north-east-atlantic/greenland-cod-haddock-and-saithe-trawl/assessment-downloads-1/20150505_PCR_COD412.pdf
      2. des Clers, S., Sieben, C. 2013.Surveillance Visit Report for EURONOR Saithe Fishery (Pollachius virens) - Surveillance Year 3. MacAlister Elliott and Partners Ltd, March 2013. 12 pp. http://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/fisheries-in-the-program/certified/north-east-atlantic/euronor-saithe/assessment-downloads-1/20130409_SR_SAI143.pdf
      3. Directorate for Nature Management. 2011. State of Environment Norway: Protected Area. Assessed on 16th August 2011 http://www.environment.no/Topics/Biological-diversity/Protected-areas/
      4. EC, 2010. Council Regulation (EC) No 23/2010 of 14 January 2010, fixing for 2010 the fishing opportunities for certain fish stocks and groups of fish stocks, applicable in EU waters and, for EU vessels, in waters where catch limitations are required and amending Regulations (EC) No 1359/2008, (EC) No 754/2009, (EC) No 1226/2009 and (EC) No 1287/2009 http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2010:021:0001:0120:EN:PDF
      5. Fiskeridirektoratet, 2010. Landet Kvantum av Torsk, Hyse, Sei og Blåkveite | 2010 http://www.fiskeridir.no/statistikk/fiskeri/fangst-og-kvoter/ukestatistikk
      6. Gascoigne, J. and J.-C. Brêthes, 2011. Fisheries Annual Surveillance Report for the EURONOR Saithe Fishery (Pollachius virens) Certificate No.: Mep-F-001. Surveillance Year 1. MacAlister Elliott and Partners Ltd. January 2011. 7 pp. http://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/certified/north-east-atlantic/euronor-saithe/assessment-downloads-1/08.02.2011_euronor_1st_Annual_Surveillance_Report.pdf
      7. Gascoigne, J. and Sieben, C. 2013. Surveillance Visit Report for UK Fisheris LTD. / DFFU / Doggerbank Cod (Gadus morhua), Haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus) and Saithe (Pollachius viridens). Surveillance Year 1. MacAlister Elliott and Partners (MEP) Ltd, February 2013. 19 pp.http://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/fisheries-in-the-program/certified/north-east-atlantic/uk_fisheries_dffu_doggerbank_northeast_arctic_cod_haddock_saithe/assessment-downloads-1/20130321_SR_COD247.pdf
      8. Gascoigne, J., Clers, S. 2012. Report for Euronor Saithe fishery (Pollachius virens), Surveillance year 2, Certificate code: MEP-F-001, MacAlister Elliott and Partners Ltd, United Kingdom. 19 pp. http://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/certified/north-east-atlantic/euronor-saithe/assessment-downloads-1/20120208_SR.pdf
      9. Gascoigne, J. and des Clers, S. 2012. Surveillance Visit Report for the Saithe Fishery (Pollachius virens) by Scapeche and Cie des Peches St. Malo. MacAlister Elliott and Partners (MEP) Ltd., January 2012. 24 pp. http://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/fisheries-in-the-program/certified/north-east-atlantic/Scapeche-and-CoPSM-saithe/assessment-downloads-1/20120308_SR.pdf
      10. Gascoigne, J. and Sieben, C. 2013. Surveillance Visit Report for the Saithe fishery (Pollachius virens) by Scapeche and Compagnie des Peches St. Malo - Surveillance Year 2. MacAlister Elliott and Partners (MEP) Ltd, January 2013. 21 pp. http://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/fisheries-in-the-program/certified/north-east-atlantic/Scapeche-and-CoPSM-saithe/assessment-downloads-1/20130226_SR_SAI145.pdf
      11. Gascoigne, J. and Sieben, C., 2014. Surveillance Visit Report for the Saithe Fishery (Pollachius virens) by the Scapeche and Compagnie des Peches St. Malo. Surveillance Year 3. MacAlister Elliott and Partners (MEP) Ltd, January 2014. 14 pp. http://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/fisheries-in-the-program/certified/north-east-atlantic/Scapeche-and-CoPSM-saithe/assessment-downloads-1/20140313_SR_SAI145.pdf
      12. Gascoigne, J., Sieben, C., 2014. Surveillance Visit report for Euronor Saithe Fishery (Pollachius virens) – Surveillance Year 4. MacAlister Elliott and Partners Ltd, April 2014. 16 pp. http://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/fisheries-in-the-program/certified/north-east-atlantic/euronor-saithe/assessment-downloads-1/20140506_SR_SAI43.pdf
      13. Gascoigne, J., Cardinale, M., Löwenberg, U., Collinson, K., 2015. Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) Third Annual Surveillance Audit UK Fisheries Ltd., DFFU, Doggerbank cod (Gadus morhua), haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus) and saithe (Pollachius virens). ME Certification Ltd, July 2015. 35pphttps://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/fisheries-in-the-program/certified/north-east-atlantic/uk_fisheries_dffu_doggerbank_northeast_arctic_cod_haddock_saithe/assessment-downloads-1/20150716_SR_COD247.pdf
      14. ICES, 2005. Report of the Regional Ecosystem Study Group for the North Sea (REGNS), 9–13 May 2005, ICES Headquarters, Copenhagen. ICES CM 2005/. 49 pp. http://www.ices.dk/sites/pub/Publication%20Reports/Expert%20Group%20Report/rmc/2005/REGNS/REGNS05.pdf
      15. ICES. 2008. Report of the ICES Advisory Committee, 2008. Book 3. The Barents Sea and the Norwegian Sea. http://www.ices.dk/sites/pub/Publication%20Reports/ICES%20Advice/2008/ICES%20ADVICE%202008%20Book%203.pdf
      16. ICES, 2009a. Report of the ICES Advisory Committee, Book 3. 3.3.4. Saithe in Subareas I and II (Northeast Arctic). 10 pp. http://www.ices.dk/sites/pub/Publication%20Reports/Advice/2009/2009/sai-arct.pdf
      17. ICES, 2009b. Report of the Arctic Fisheries Working Group (AFWG), 21 -27 April 2009, San-Sebastian, Spain. ICES CM 2009/ACOM:02. 579 pp. http://www.ices.dk/sites/pub/Publication%20Reports/Expert%20Group%20Report/acom/2009/AFWG/AFWG09.pdf
      18. ICES, 2010. ICES Advice 2010, Book 1: Introduction, Overviews and Special Requests. 255 pp. http://www.ices.dk/sites/pub/Publication%20Reports/ICES%20Advice/2010/ICES%20ADVICE%202010%20BOOK%201.pdf
      19. ICES, 2011a. Report of the ICES Advisory Committee, Book 3: The Barents Sea and Norwegian Sea; 3.4.4 Ecoregion: Barents Sea and Norwegian Sea; Stock: Saithe in Subareas I and II (Northeast Arctic). Advice summary for 2012, 9 pp. http://www.ices.dk/sites/pub/Publication%20Reports/Advice/2011/2011/sai-arct.pdf
      20. ICES, 2011b. Report of the Arctic Fisheries Working Group (AFWG), 28 April - 4 May 2011, Hamburg, Germany. ICES CM 2011\ACOM:05. 659 pp. http://www.ices.dk/sites/pub/Publication%20Reports/Expert%20Group%20Report/acom/2011/AFWG/AFWG%20Report%202011.pdf
      21. ICES, 2012. Report of the ICES Advisory Committee, Book 3. Barents Sea and Norwegian Sea 3.3.4. Saithe in Subareas I and II (Northeast Arctic). Advice June 2012, 10 pp. http://www.ices.dk/sites/pub/Publication%20Reports/Advice/2012/2012/sai-arct.pdf
      22. ICES, 2013a. Report of the ICES Advisory Committee, Book 3. 3.4.8. Saithe in Subareas I and II (Northeast Arctic). Advice June 2013, 8 pp. http://www.ices.dk/sites/pub/Publication%20Reports/Advice/2013/2013/sai-arct.pdf
      23. ICES, 2013b. Report of the Arctic Fisheries Working Group (AFWG), 18–24 April 2013. ICES CM 2013/ACOM:05. Saithe in Subareas I and II (Northeast Arctic): 299-350. http://www.ices.dk/sites/pub/Publication%20Reports/Expert%20Group%20Report/acom/2013/AFWG/Sec%2005%20Saithe%20in%20Subareas%201%20and%20II%20(Northeast%20Arctic).pdf
      24. ICES, 2013c. Report of the Arctic Fisheries Working Group (AFWG), 18–24 April 2013. ICES CM 2013/ACOM:05. Annex 5 – Stock Annex Northeast Arctic Saithe, 602-621. http://www.ices.dk/sites/pub/Publication%20Reports/Expert%20Group%20Report/acom/2013/AFWG/Annex%2005%20Stock%20Annex%20Northeast%20Arctic%20Saithe.pdf
      25. ICES, 2014a. Report of the ICES Advisory Committee, Book 3. Barents Sea and Norwegian Sea 3.3.8. Saithe in Subareas I and II (Northeast Arctic). Advice June 2014, 11 pp. http://www.ices.dk/sites/pub/Publication%20Reports/Advice/2014/2014/sai-arct.pdf
      26. ICES, 2014b. Report of the Inter-Benchmark Protocol on Northeast Arctic Saithe in Subareas I and II (IBP NEAsaithe), March/April 2014, By correspondence. ICES CM 2014/ACOM:53. 97 pp. http://www.ices.dk/sites/pub/Publication%20Reports/Expert%20Group%20Report/acom/2014/IBP%20NEAsaithe%202014/ibp_nea_saithe_2014.pdf
      27. ICES, 2014c. Report of the Arctic Fisheries Working Group (AFWG), 2014, Lisbon, Portugal. ICES CM 2014/ACOM:05. 656 pp. http://www.ices.dk/sites/pub/Publication%20Reports/Expert%20Group%20Report/acom/2014/AFWG/01%20AFWG%20-%20Report%20of%20the%20Arctic%20Fisheries%20Working%20Group.pdf
      28. IUCN, 2014. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. Downloaded on 11 June 2014. http://www.iucnredlist.org
      29. Lockwood, S., Chaudhury, S. 2011. Report for 3rd Surveillance audit for Norway North East Arctic and North Sea Saithe Fisheries, 29 p.http://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/certified/north-east-atlantic/norway-north-east-arctic-saithe/assessment-downloads-1/28.06.2011_NEA_NS_SAITHE_Surv_report.pdf
      30. Lockwood, S., Nichols, J., Pedersen, G. M., 2014. Surveillance nº1: Surveillance Visit – Report forthe Norway North East Arctic saithe fishery. DNV GL Business Assurance Norway AS, August 2014. 264pphttp://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/fisheries-in-the-program/certified/north-east-atlantic/norway-north-east-arctic-saithe/reassessment-documents/20140826_SR_SAI118.pdf
      31. Mareano, 2014. The Sea in Maps and Pictures: Results. Accessed 9th July 2014. http://www.mareano.no/en/results
      32. Marine Stewardship Council (MSC). 2008. Public Certification Report for Norwegian Saithe Fishery, Moody International Certification. 203 pp. http://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/certified/north-east-atlantic/norway-north-east-arctic-saithe/assessment-downloads-1/Norwegian_Saithe_public_cert_report_June_08.pdf
      33. Marine Stewardship Council (MSC), 2011. Certified fisheries,North-east Atlantic, Norway North East Arctic saithe. [Assessed on 15 August 2011] http://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/certified/north-east-atlantic/norway-north-east-arctic-saithe
      34. McAlister Elliott & Partners, 2010. MSC Public Certification Report: Euronor saithe (Pollachius virens) fishery. March 2010. 138 pp. http://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/certified/north-east-atlantic/euronor-saithe/assessment-downloads-1/09.03.2010-euronor-saithe-pcr.pdf
      35. MacAlister Elliott and Partners (MEP), 2011. Public Certification Report Saithe (Pollachius virens) fishery by Scapêche and Compagnie de Pêche de St. Malo. January 2011. 141 pp. http://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/fisheries-in-the-program/certified/north-east-atlantic/Scapeche-and-CoPSM-saithe/assessment-downloads-1/27.01.2011_Public_Certification_Report.pdf
      36. MEP, 2011. Public Certification Report: UK Fisheries Ltd. / DFFU / Doggerbank saithe (Pollachius virens) fishery. MacAlister Elliott & Partners (MEP) Ltd. January 2011. 156 pp.http://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/certified/north-east-atlantic/UK-saithe/assessment-downloads-1/06.01.2011_uk_saithe_Public_Certification_Report.pdf
      37. MEP, 2012. Public Certification Report Fishery for Northeast Arctic cod (Gadus morhua), haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus) and saithe (Pollachius virens) by UK Fisheries, DFFU and Doggerbank. MacAlister Elliot and Partners (MEP) LTD. May 2012. 186 pp.http://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/in-assessment/north-east-atlantic/UK-cod-haddock-and-saithe/assessment-downloads-1/20120503_PCR.pdf
      38. Nichols, J., Lockwood, S., Skagen, D., Chaudhury, S., Pedersen, G.M. 2013. Public Certification Report Norway North East Arctic and North Sea saithe fisheries. 623pphttp://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/fisheries-in-the-program/certified/north-east-atlantic/norway-north-east-arctic-saithe/reassessment-documents/20130614_PCR_SAI118.pdf
      39. Nichols, J., Pedersen, G.M., 2015. Surveillance Visit – Report for the Norway North East Arctic saithe fishery. DNV GL - Business Assurance. July 2015. 240pphttps://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/fisheries-in-the-program/certified/north-east-atlantic/norway-north-east-arctic-saithe/reassessment-documents/20150618_SR_SAI088.pdf
      40. Pfeiffer, N. and Sieben, C., 2014. Surveillance Visit Report for UK Fisheries LTD. / DFFU/ Doggerbank Cod (Gadus morhua), Haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus) and Saithe (Pollachius virens) Fishery. Surveillance Year 2. MacAlister Elliott and Partners (MEP) Ltd, March 2014. 23 pp.http://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/fisheries-in-the-program/certified/north-east-atlantic/uk_fisheries_dffu_doggerbank_northeast_arctic_cod_haddock_saithe/assessment-downloads-1/20140417_SR_COD247.pdf
      41. Piling, G., D. Agnew, A.H. Hoel & A. Hough, 2008. Marine Stewardship Council Public Certification Report for Norwegian Saithe Fishery. Moody Marine Ltd.http://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/certified/north-east-atlantic/norway-north-east-arctic-saithe/assessment-downloads-1/Norwegian_Saithe_public_cert_report_June_08.pdf
      42. The Fish Site, 2012. 2013 TAC set for Northeast Arctic Saithe Fishery. News: 06 November 2012. Available at: http://www.thefishsite.com/fishnews/18699/2013-tac-set-for-northeast-arctic-saithe-fishery
      43. The Official Norwegian Site (ONS), 2011. Saithe (Pollachius virens). Assessed at 15th August 2011 http://www.fisheries.no/ecosystems-and-stocks/marine_stocks/fish_stocks/saithe/
      44. Cappell, R., Lassen, H., Pawson, M., 2015. Greenland Cod, Haddock and Saithe Trawl Fishery in the Barents Sea. Intertek Fisheries Certification. 284pphttps://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/fisheries-in-the-program/certified/north-east-atlantic/greenland-cod-haddock-and-saithe-trawl/assessment-downloads-1/20150505_PCR_COD412.pdf
      45. des Clers, S., Sieben, C. 2013.Surveillance Visit Report for EURONOR Saithe Fishery (Pollachius virens) - Surveillance Year 3. MacAlister Elliott and Partners Ltd, March 2013. 12 pp. http://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/fisheries-in-the-program/certified/north-east-atlantic/euronor-saithe/assessment-downloads-1/20130409_SR_SAI143.pdf
      46. Directorate for Nature Management. 2011. State of Environment Norway: Protected Area. Assessed on 16th August 2011 http://www.environment.no/Topics/Biological-diversity/Protected-areas/
      47. EC, 2010. Council Regulation (EC) No 23/2010 of 14 January 2010, fixing for 2010 the fishing opportunities for certain fish stocks and groups of fish stocks, applicable in EU waters and, for EU vessels, in waters where catch limitations are required and amending Regulations (EC) No 1359/2008, (EC) No 754/2009, (EC) No 1226/2009 and (EC) No 1287/2009 http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2010:021:0001:0120:EN:PDF
      48. Fiskeridirektoratet, 2010. Landet Kvantum av Torsk, Hyse, Sei og Blåkveite | 2010 http://www.fiskeridir.no/statistikk/fiskeri/fangst-og-kvoter/ukestatistikk
      49. Gascoigne, J. and J.-C. Brêthes, 2011. Fisheries Annual Surveillance Report for the EURONOR Saithe Fishery (Pollachius virens) Certificate No.: Mep-F-001. Surveillance Year 1. MacAlister Elliott and Partners Ltd. January 2011. 7 pp. http://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/certified/north-east-atlantic/euronor-saithe/assessment-downloads-1/08.02.2011_euronor_1st_Annual_Surveillance_Report.pdf
      50. Gascoigne, J. and Sieben, C. 2013. Surveillance Visit Report for UK Fisheris LTD. / DFFU / Doggerbank Cod (Gadus morhua), Haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus) and Saithe (Pollachius viridens). Surveillance Year 1. MacAlister Elliott and Partners (MEP) Ltd, February 2013. 19 pp.http://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/fisheries-in-the-program/certified/north-east-atlantic/uk_fisheries_dffu_doggerbank_northeast_arctic_cod_haddock_saithe/assessment-downloads-1/20130321_SR_COD247.pdf
      51. Gascoigne, J., Clers, S. 2012. Report for Euronor Saithe fishery (Pollachius virens), Surveillance year 2, Certificate code: MEP-F-001, MacAlister Elliott and Partners Ltd, United Kingdom. 19 pp. http://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/certified/north-east-atlantic/euronor-saithe/assessment-downloads-1/20120208_SR.pdf
      52. Gascoigne, J. and des Clers, S. 2012. Surveillance Visit Report for the Saithe Fishery (Pollachius virens) by Scapeche and Cie des Peches St. Malo. MacAlister Elliott and Partners (MEP) Ltd., January 2012. 24 pp. http://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/fisheries-in-the-program/certified/north-east-atlantic/Scapeche-and-CoPSM-saithe/assessment-downloads-1/20120308_SR.pdf
      53. Gascoigne, J. and Sieben, C. 2013. Surveillance Visit Report for the Saithe fishery (Pollachius virens) by Scapeche and Compagnie des Peches St. Malo - Surveillance Year 2. MacAlister Elliott and Partners (MEP) Ltd, January 2013. 21 pp. http://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/fisheries-in-the-program/certified/north-east-atlantic/Scapeche-and-CoPSM-saithe/assessment-downloads-1/20130226_SR_SAI145.pdf
      54. Gascoigne, J. and Sieben, C., 2014. Surveillance Visit Report for the Saithe Fishery (Pollachius virens) by the Scapeche and Compagnie des Peches St. Malo. Surveillance Year 3. MacAlister Elliott and Partners (MEP) Ltd, January 2014. 14 pp. http://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/fisheries-in-the-program/certified/north-east-atlantic/Scapeche-and-CoPSM-saithe/assessment-downloads-1/20140313_SR_SAI145.pdf
      55. Gascoigne, J., Sieben, C., 2014. Surveillance Visit report for Euronor Saithe Fishery (Pollachius virens) – Surveillance Year 4. MacAlister Elliott and Partners Ltd, April 2014. 16 pp. http://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/fisheries-in-the-program/certified/north-east-atlantic/euronor-saithe/assessment-downloads-1/20140506_SR_SAI43.pdf
      56. Gascoigne, J., Cardinale, M., Löwenberg, U., Collinson, K., 2015. Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) Third Annual Surveillance Audit UK Fisheries Ltd., DFFU, Doggerbank cod (Gadus morhua), haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus) and saithe (Pollachius virens). ME Certification Ltd, July 2015. 35pphttps://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/fisheries-in-the-program/certified/north-east-atlantic/uk_fisheries_dffu_doggerbank_northeast_arctic_cod_haddock_saithe/assessment-downloads-1/20150716_SR_COD247.pdf
      57. ICES, 2005. Report of the Regional Ecosystem Study Group for the North Sea (REGNS), 9–13 May 2005, ICES Headquarters, Copenhagen. ICES CM 2005/. 49 pp. http://www.ices.dk/sites/pub/Publication%20Reports/Expert%20Group%20Report/rmc/2005/REGNS/REGNS05.pdf
      58. ICES. 2008. Report of the ICES Advisory Committee, 2008. Book 3. The Barents Sea and the Norwegian Sea. http://www.ices.dk/sites/pub/Publication%20Reports/ICES%20Advice/2008/ICES%20ADVICE%202008%20Book%203.pdf
      59. ICES, 2009a. Report of the ICES Advisory Committee, Book 3. 3.3.4. Saithe in Subareas I and II (Northeast Arctic). 10 pp. http://www.ices.dk/sites/pub/Publication%20Reports/Advice/2009/2009/sai-arct.pdf
      60. ICES, 2009b. Report of the Arctic Fisheries Working Group (AFWG), 21 -27 April 2009, San-Sebastian, Spain. ICES CM 2009/ACOM:02. 579 pp. http://www.ices.dk/sites/pub/Publication%20Reports/Expert%20Group%20Report/acom/2009/AFWG/AFWG09.pdf
      61. ICES, 2010. ICES Advice 2010, Book 1: Introduction, Overviews and Special Requests. 255 pp. http://www.ices.dk/sites/pub/Publication%20Reports/ICES%20Advice/2010/ICES%20ADVICE%202010%20BOOK%201.pdf
      62. ICES, 2011a. Report of the ICES Advisory Committee, Book 3: The Barents Sea and Norwegian Sea; 3.4.4 Ecoregion: Barents Sea and Norwegian Sea; Stock: Saithe in Subareas I and II (Northeast Arctic). Advice summary for 2012, 9 pp. http://www.ices.dk/sites/pub/Publication%20Reports/Advice/2011/2011/sai-arct.pdf
      63. ICES, 2011b. Report of the Arctic Fisheries Working Group (AFWG), 28 April - 4 May 2011, Hamburg, Germany. ICES CM 2011\ACOM:05. 659 pp. http://www.ices.dk/sites/pub/Publication%20Reports/Expert%20Group%20Report/acom/2011/AFWG/AFWG%20Report%202011.pdf
      64. ICES, 2012. Report of the ICES Advisory Committee, Book 3. Barents Sea and Norwegian Sea 3.3.4. Saithe in Subareas I and II (Northeast Arctic). Advice June 2012, 10 pp. http://www.ices.dk/sites/pub/Publication%20Reports/Advice/2012/2012/sai-arct.pdf
      65. ICES, 2013a. Report of the ICES Advisory Committee, Book 3. 3.4.8. Saithe in Subareas I and II (Northeast Arctic). Advice June 2013, 8 pp. http://www.ices.dk/sites/pub/Publication%20Reports/Advice/2013/2013/sai-arct.pdf
      66. ICES, 2013b. Report of the Arctic Fisheries Working Group (AFWG), 18–24 April 2013. ICES CM 2013/ACOM:05. Saithe in Subareas I and II (Northeast Arctic): 299-350. http://www.ices.dk/sites/pub/Publication%20Reports/Expert%20Group%20Report/acom/2013/AFWG/Sec%2005%20Saithe%20in%20Subareas%201%20and%20II%20(Northeast%20Arctic).pdf
      67. ICES, 2013c. Report of the Arctic Fisheries Working Group (AFWG), 18–24 April 2013. ICES CM 2013/ACOM:05. Annex 5 – Stock Annex Northeast Arctic Saithe, 602-621. http://www.ices.dk/sites/pub/Publication%20Reports/Expert%20Group%20Report/acom/2013/AFWG/Annex%2005%20Stock%20Annex%20Northeast%20Arctic%20Saithe.pdf
      68. ICES, 2014a. Report of the ICES Advisory Committee, Book 3. Barents Sea and Norwegian Sea 3.3.8. Saithe in Subareas I and II (Northeast Arctic). Advice June 2014, 11 pp. http://www.ices.dk/sites/pub/Publication%20Reports/Advice/2014/2014/sai-arct.pdf
      69. ICES, 2014b. Report of the Inter-Benchmark Protocol on Northeast Arctic Saithe in Subareas I and II (IBP NEAsaithe), March/April 2014, By correspondence. ICES CM 2014/ACOM:53. 97 pp. http://www.ices.dk/sites/pub/Publication%20Reports/Expert%20Group%20Report/acom/2014/IBP%20NEAsaithe%202014/ibp_nea_saithe_2014.pdf
      70. ICES, 2014c. Report of the Arctic Fisheries Working Group (AFWG), 2014, Lisbon, Portugal. ICES CM 2014/ACOM:05. 656 pp. http://www.ices.dk/sites/pub/Publication%20Reports/Expert%20Group%20Report/acom/2014/AFWG/01%20AFWG%20-%20Report%20of%20the%20Arctic%20Fisheries%20Working%20Group.pdf
      71. IUCN, 2014. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. Downloaded on 11 June 2014. http://www.iucnredlist.org
      72. Lockwood, S., Chaudhury, S. 2011. Report for 3rd Surveillance audit for Norway North East Arctic and North Sea Saithe Fisheries, 29 p.http://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/certified/north-east-atlantic/norway-north-east-arctic-saithe/assessment-downloads-1/28.06.2011_NEA_NS_SAITHE_Surv_report.pdf
      73. Lockwood, S., Nichols, J., Pedersen, G. M., 2014. Surveillance nº1: Surveillance Visit – Report forthe Norway North East Arctic saithe fishery. DNV GL Business Assurance Norway AS, August 2014. 264pphttp://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/fisheries-in-the-program/certified/north-east-atlantic/norway-north-east-arctic-saithe/reassessment-documents/20140826_SR_SAI118.pdf
      74. Mareano, 2014. The Sea in Maps and Pictures: Results. Accessed 9th July 2014. http://www.mareano.no/en/results
      75. Marine Stewardship Council (MSC). 2008. Public Certification Report for Norwegian Saithe Fishery, Moody International Certification. 203 pp. http://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/certified/north-east-atlantic/norway-north-east-arctic-saithe/assessment-downloads-1/Norwegian_Saithe_public_cert_report_June_08.pdf
      76. Marine Stewardship Council (MSC), 2011. Certified fisheries,North-east Atlantic, Norway North East Arctic saithe. [Assessed on 15 August 2011] http://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/certified/north-east-atlantic/norway-north-east-arctic-saithe
      77. McAlister Elliott & Partners, 2010. MSC Public Certification Report: Euronor saithe (Pollachius virens) fishery. March 2010. 138 pp. http://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/certified/north-east-atlantic/euronor-saithe/assessment-downloads-1/09.03.2010-euronor-saithe-pcr.pdf
      78. MacAlister Elliott and Partners (MEP), 2011. Public Certification Report Saithe (Pollachius virens) fishery by Scapêche and Compagnie de Pêche de St. Malo. January 2011. 141 pp. http://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/fisheries-in-the-program/certified/north-east-atlantic/Scapeche-and-CoPSM-saithe/assessment-downloads-1/27.01.2011_Public_Certification_Report.pdf
      79. MEP, 2011. Public Certification Report: UK Fisheries Ltd. / DFFU / Doggerbank saithe (Pollachius virens) fishery. MacAlister Elliott & Partners (MEP) Ltd. January 2011. 156 pp.http://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/certified/north-east-atlantic/UK-saithe/assessment-downloads-1/06.01.2011_uk_saithe_Public_Certification_Report.pdf
      80. MEP, 2012. Public Certification Report Fishery for Northeast Arctic cod (Gadus morhua), haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus) and saithe (Pollachius virens) by UK Fisheries, DFFU and Doggerbank. MacAlister Elliot and Partners (MEP) LTD. May 2012. 186 pp.http://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/in-assessment/north-east-atlantic/UK-cod-haddock-and-saithe/assessment-downloads-1/20120503_PCR.pdf
      81. Nichols, J., Lockwood, S., Skagen, D., Chaudhury, S., Pedersen, G.M. 2013. Public Certification Report Norway North East Arctic and North Sea saithe fisheries. 623pphttp://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/fisheries-in-the-program/certified/north-east-atlantic/norway-north-east-arctic-saithe/reassessment-documents/20130614_PCR_SAI118.pdf
      82. Nichols, J., Pedersen, G.M., 2015. Surveillance Visit – Report for the Norway North East Arctic saithe fishery. DNV GL - Business Assurance. July 2015. 240pphttps://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/fisheries-in-the-program/certified/north-east-atlantic/norway-north-east-arctic-saithe/reassessment-documents/20150618_SR_SAI088.pdf
      83. Pfeiffer, N. and Sieben, C., 2014. Surveillance Visit Report for UK Fisheries LTD. / DFFU/ Doggerbank Cod (Gadus morhua), Haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus) and Saithe (Pollachius virens) Fishery. Surveillance Year 2. MacAlister Elliott and Partners (MEP) Ltd, March 2014. 23 pp.http://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/fisheries-in-the-program/certified/north-east-atlantic/uk_fisheries_dffu_doggerbank_northeast_arctic_cod_haddock_saithe/assessment-downloads-1/20140417_SR_COD247.pdf
      84. Piling, G., D. Agnew, A.H. Hoel & A. Hough, 2008. Marine Stewardship Council Public Certification Report for Norwegian Saithe Fishery. Moody Marine Ltd.http://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/certified/north-east-atlantic/norway-north-east-arctic-saithe/assessment-downloads-1/Norwegian_Saithe_public_cert_report_June_08.pdf
      85. The Fish Site, 2012. 2013 TAC set for Northeast Arctic Saithe Fishery. News: 06 November 2012. Available at: http://www.thefishsite.com/fishnews/18699/2013-tac-set-for-northeast-arctic-saithe-fishery
      86. The Official Norwegian Site (ONS), 2011. Saithe (Pollachius virens). Assessed at 15th August 2011 http://www.fisheries.no/ecosystems-and-stocks/marine_stocks/fish_stocks/saithe/
      References

        Comments

        This tab will disappear in 5 seconds.

        Comments on:

        Saithe - Barents Sea, Russia/Norway, Norway, Purse seines

        comments powered by Disqus