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Atlantic cod

Faroe Plateau
Faroe plateau cod
1
1
1
2

Both genetic and tagging studies suggest the cod on the Faroe Plateau (Division Vb1) as a distinct biological stock from cod on the Faroe Bank(Division Vb2) and on Icelandic waters (Division Va) (ICES, 2013b).

Scores:
Management Quality:
Management Strategy
< 6
Managers Compliance
< 6
Fishers Compliance
< 6
Stock Health
Current Health
6.3
Future Health
6.9
FISHERIES WITHIN ASSESSMENT UNIT

Atlantic cod

Faroe Bank
Faroe bank cod
1
1
1
2

Both genetic and tagging studies suggest the cod on the Faroe Plateau (Division Vb2) is a distinct biological stock from cod on the Faroe Plateau (Division Vb1) and in Icelandic waters (Division Va) (ICES, 2013b).

Scores:
Management Quality:
Management Strategy
< 6
Managers Compliance
≥ 6
Fishers Compliance
≥ 6
Stock Health
Current Health
< 6
Future Health
NO SCORE
FISHERIES WITHIN ASSESSMENT UNIT

Atlantic cod

Baltic Sea eastern
None
2
6
17

Two genetic stocks are considered to exist in the Baltic Sea, assessed and managed separately: the western stock (ICES Subdivisions 22-24) is west of the island of Bornholm to the Sound and the Danish Belts and the eastern stock (SD 25-32) is localized east of Bornholm, and adapted to brackish waters. A third one is the Kattegat stock (SD 21) (Bagge et al., 1994; Hüssy, 2011). Mixing of the stocks is substantial in subdivision 24 (SD 24)  and as the bulk of the eastern Baltic cod stock is concentrated in southern Baltic Sea (SDs (24–26), since 2015, ICES assessment and advice for eastern Baltic cod include partial catches of eastern Baltic cod stock in 24, which is part of the western Baltic management area (ICES 2015; ICES 2016). 

Scores:
Management Quality:
Management Strategy
≥ 6
Managers Compliance
< 6
Fishers Compliance
10
Stock Health
Current Health
≥ 6
Future Health
≥ 6
FISHERIES WITHIN STOCK

Atlantic cod

Icelandic
Icelandic cod
None
1
1
8

Some studies have increasing evidence for local population structures among cod in Iceland suggesting that the southwestern and northeastern populations of Atlantic cod around Iceland represent two distinct spawning components (Pampoulie et al., 2006) but it does not confirm reproductive isolation (Petursdottir et al., 2006). According to a recent study (Eiríksson and Árnason, 2013), this observed genetic difference could be very small and should be interpreted with caution. Therefore, the Marine Research Institute and ICES still consider cod within Icelandic EEZ waters to be a single stock (MRI, 2015a; ICES, 2015b).

Since 2014, all Iceland landings of cod are within the Marine Stewarsdship Council (MSC) certificate scope (Vottunarstofan Tún, 2014). 

Scores:
Management Quality:
Management Strategy
≥ 8
Managers Compliance
10
Fishers Compliance
9.3
Stock Health
Current Health
10
Future Health
8.2
FISHERIES WITHIN STOCK

Atlantic cod

N Labrador
2GH cod, northern cod
1
1
1
1

Cod in the Northern Labrador region has been evaluated as a stock since the 1970s, when it was considered to have been more severely depleted than fisheries to the south. However it is not definite that it constitutes a discrete stock, and information is lacking as the targeted commercial fishery has been closed since 1996 and surveying has been incomplete (DFO, 2005). The Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife considers a Newfoundland and Labrador “Designatable Unit” which includes this (NAFO 2GH) management unit, along with Newfoundland cod (NAFO 2J3KL), and Southern Grand Bank cod (NAFO 3NO) (COSEWIC, 2010).

Scores:
Management Quality:
Management Strategy
< 6
Managers Compliance
10
Fishers Compliance
10
Stock Health
Current Health
< 6
Future Health
NO SCORE
FISHERIES WITHIN ASSESSMENT UNIT

Atlantic cod

S Grand Banks
None
1
1
3
Scores:
Management Quality:
Management Strategy
≥ 6
Managers Compliance
≥ 8
Fishers Compliance
≥ 8
Stock Health
Current Health
2.5
Future Health
< 6
FISHERIES WITHIN STOCK

Atlantic cod

Flemish Cap
Cod, Flemish Cap cod
1
1
1
1

According with tagging and genetic studies, it has been strongly suggested that Atlantic cod in the north Atlantic is sub-structured. The research of cod stock structure in Norwegian and Icelandic waters, and in the northwest Atlantic revealed considerable genetic differentiation between populations at localized scale (Imsland and Jónsdóttir 2003).

The Atlantic cod population in the Flemish Cap is considered a genetically distinctive population from those elsewhere in the Northwest Atlantic (Beacham 2002).

Scores:
Management Quality:
Management Strategy
≥ 6
Managers Compliance
10
Fishers Compliance
0
Stock Health
Current Health
≥ 6
Future Health
≥ 6
FISHERIES WITHIN ASSESSMENT UNIT

Atlantic cod

N Gulf of St. Lawrence
1
1
1
2
Scores:
Management Quality:
Management Strategy
< 6
Managers Compliance
< 6
Fishers Compliance
10
Stock Health
Current Health
0.8
Future Health
< 6
FISHERIES WITHIN ASSESSMENT UNIT

Atlantic cod

Celtic Sea and W English Channel
7e-k cod
None
1
3
7

Cod within ICES VIIe-k shows limited movement to other areas and similarity in population parameters and trends (ICES, 2015) supporting the approach that it is a unique biological stock.

Scores:
Management Quality:
Management Strategy
NO SCORE
Managers Compliance
1.2
Fishers Compliance
10
Stock Health
Current Health
9.4
Future Health
6.9
FISHERIES WITHIN STOCK

Atlantic cod

Baltic Sea eastern
None
2
6
17

Two genetic stocks are considered to exist in the Baltic Sea, assessed and managed separately: the western stock (ICES Subdivisions 22-24) is west of the island of Bornholm to the Sound and the Danish Belts and the eastern stock (SD 25-32) is localized east of Bornholm, and adapted to brackish waters. A third one is the Kattegat stock (SD 21) (Bagge et al., 1994; Hüssy, 2011). Mixing of the stocks is substantial in subdivision 24 (SD 24)  and as the bulk of the eastern Baltic cod stock is concentrated in southern Baltic Sea (SDs (24–26), since 2015, ICES assessment and advice for eastern Baltic cod include partial catches of eastern Baltic cod stock in 24, which is part of the western Baltic management area (ICES 2015; ICES 2016). 

  • DFPO Denmark Eastern Baltic cod:
    Suspended
  • Germany Eastern Baltic cod:
    Suspended
  • Küstenfischer Nord eG Heiligenhafen Eastern Baltic cod:
    Withdrawn
  • LFA Latvia trawl eastern Baltic cod:
    Suspended
  • Poland Eastern Baltic cod:
    Suspended
  • Swedish Fisherman's Producer Organisation (SFPO) Eastern Baltic cod:
    Suspended
FISHERIES WITHIN STOCK

Atlantic cod

Icelandic
Icelandic cod
None
1
1
8

Some studies have increasing evidence for local population structures among cod in Iceland suggesting that the southwestern and northeastern populations of Atlantic cod around Iceland represent two distinct spawning components (Pampoulie et al., 2006) but it does not confirm reproductive isolation (Petursdottir et al., 2006). According to a recent study (Eiríksson and Árnason, 2013), this observed genetic difference could be very small and should be interpreted with caution. Therefore, the Marine Research Institute and ICES still consider cod within Icelandic EEZ waters to be a single stock (MRI, 2015a; ICES, 2015b).

Since 2014, all Iceland landings of cod are within the Marine Stewarsdship Council (MSC) certificate scope (Vottunarstofan Tún, 2014). 

  • Atlantic cod and haddock longline, handline and Danish seine:
    Withdrawn
  • ISF Iceland cod:
    MSC Certified
  • Samherji Icelandic cod & haddock trawl & longline:
    Withdrawn
FISHERIES WITHIN STOCK

Atlantic cod

Barents Sea
Barents Sea cod, Northeast Arctic cod, Norwegian-Russian cod
None
1
9
16

Genetic studies support the distinctness of populations in the Barents Sea from other populations in the Northeastern Atlantic (Bradbury et al., 2013). There is some distribution overlap with Norwegian coastal cod but the stocks are assessed separately since some stock differentiation has been mentioned (Neuenfeldt et al., 2013).

  • AGARBA Spain Barents Sea cod:
    MSC Certified
  • Arkhangelsk Trawl fleet Norwegian and Barents Seas cod & haddock fishery:
    MSC Certified
  • Barents Sea cod, haddock and saithe:
    MSC Recertified
  • Compagnie des Pêches Saint Malo and Euronor cod and haddock:
    MSC Certified
  • Faroe Islands and Iceland North East Arctic cod, haddock and saithe:
    MSC Certified
  • FIUN Barents & Norwegian Seas cod and haddock:
    MSC Certified
  • Greenland cod, haddock and saithe trawl:
    MSC Certified
  • Norway North East Arctic cod:
    MSC Recertified
  • Pescafria-Pesquera Rodriguez Barents sea cod:
    Withdrawn
  • Russian Federation Barents sea cod and haddock:
    MSC Certified
  • UK Fisheries/DFFU/Doggerbank Northeast Arctic cod, haddock and saithe:
    MSC Certified
FISHERIES WITHIN STOCK

Atlantic cod

Norwegian coastal
1
1
1
5

Although their distributions overlap, Norwegian coastal cod is assessed separately from cod in the Barents Sea. However, further stock structuring between fjords is very likely so any smaller stocks and the genetic diversity they represent may be at risk (ICES, 2012a).

  • Norway North East Arctic cod:
    MSC Recertified
FISHERIES WITHIN ASSESSMENT UNIT

Atlantic cod

North Sea
1
2
3
5

Four genetically distinct populations may exist in the North Sea (Hutchinson et al., 2001) but are considered to not be reproductively isolated, suggesting the existence of a unique stock in the North Sea (ICES, undated). Further studies about stock structure in the North Sea and connection with adjacent stocks should be conducted (Neuenfeldt et al., 2013; ICES, 2014d).

  • DFPO Denmark North Sea & Skagerrak cod & saithe:
    MSC Certified
FISHERIES WITHIN STOCK

Atlantic cod

Newfoundland
2J3KL cod, northern cod
1
1
1
5

Cod in this region is considered to be a metapopulation with small inshore and larger offshore components (DFO, 2005) which mix in the summer, excluding the possibility of assessing them independently. The Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife considers a Newfoundland and Labrador “Designatable Unit” which includes this (NAFO 2J3KL) management unit, along with Northern Labrador cod (NAFO 2GH), and Southern Grand Bank cod (NAFO 3NO) (COSEWIC, 2010).

  • Newfoundland and Labrador cod (2J3KL) fishery - hand line, gill net, long line:
    Stage 3 , Progress Rating C
  • Newfoundland cod:
    Stage 5 , Progress Rating B
FISHERIES WITHIN ASSESSMENT UNIT