Last updated on 7 October 2016

SUMMARY

SUMMARY

IDENTIFICATION

SCIENTIFIC NAME(s)

Clupea harengus

SPECIES NAME(s)

Atlantic herring

COMMON NAMES

Norwegian spring-spawning herring, Atlanto-Scandian herring

The NE Atlantic Spring spawner herring (also known as Norwegian Spring spawning herring) is the largest herring stock in the world, and is widely distributed and highly migratory through the parts of the NE Atlantic where it occurs.

It is treated and assessed as a single stock, based on the evidence of no genetic differences between the various spawning areas. Occasionally, some mixing with other herring stocks may occur in adjacent areas to its distribution (ICES, 2014a).


ANALYSIS

Strengths
  • An analytical assessment is conducted.
  • A precautionary management plan is in place.
  • Compliance with catch limits has been high.
  • Minor bycatch and discards, although discards are not fully quantified.
Weaknesses
  • Stock biomass is declining due to low recruitment and underestimated fishing mortality, which was exceeding the management plan target.
  • The spawning stock size has also been revised, to a lower level than previously estimated.
  • The lack of agreement on the TAC for 2013 has led to quotas being unilaterally set, and resulted in a global TAC higher than the anticipated in the management plan. If the situation persists it may lead to overfishing and accelerate the present decline of the stock.

FISHSOURCE SCORES

Management Quality:

Management Strategy:

8.4

Managers Compliance:

< 6 to 8.1

Fishers Compliance:

10

Stock Health:

Current
Health:

8

Future Health:

7.4


RECOMMENDATIONS

CATCHERS & REGULATORS
  • Monitor fishery and management system for any changes that could jeopardize MSC re-certification.
RETAILERS & SUPPLY CHAIN
  • Support the sustainability achievements of this fishery by sourcing this product, and ensure that the producers are aware that sustainability certification played a role in your decision to source this product.

FIPS

No related FIPs

CERTIFICATIONS

  • Danish Pelagic Producers Organisation Atlanto Scandian Herring:

    MSC Certified

  • Faroese Pelagic Organization Atlanto-Scandian Herring:

    MSC Recertified

  • ISF Norwegian & Icelandic herring trawl and seine:

    MSC Certified

  • Norway spring spawning herring:

    MSC Recertified

  • Pelagic Freezer-Trawler Association Atlanto-Scandian herring pelagic trawl:

    MSC Certified

  • Scottish Pelagic Sustainability Group Ltd Atlanto Scandian herring:

    MSC Certified

Fisheries

Within FishSource, the term "fishery" is used to indicate each unique combination of a flag country with a fishing gear, operating within a particular management unit, upon a resource. That resource may have a known biological stock structure and/or may be assessed at another level for practical or jurisdictional reasons. A fishery is the finest scale of resolution captured in FishSource profiles, as it is generally the scale at which sustainability can most fairly and practically be evaluated.

ASSESSMENT UNIT MANAGEMENT UNIT FLAG COUNTRY FISHING GEAR
NE Atlantic spring spawners EU/NEAFC Denmark Midwater trawls
Purse seines
France Midwater trawls
Germany Midwater trawls
Lithuania Midwater trawls
Netherlands Midwater trawls
United Kingdom Midwater trawls
Faroes/NEAFC Faroe Islands Midwater trawls
Purse seines
Iceland/NEAFC Iceland Midwater trawls
Purse seines
Norway/NEAFC Norway Midwater trawls
Purse seines

Analysis

OVERVIEW

Last updated on 7 March 2014

Strengths
  • An analytical assessment is conducted.
  • A precautionary management plan is in place.
  • Compliance with catch limits has been high.
  • Minor bycatch and discards, although discards are not fully quantified.
Weaknesses
  • Stock biomass is declining due to low recruitment and underestimated fishing mortality, which was exceeding the management plan target.
  • The spawning stock size has also been revised, to a lower level than previously estimated.
  • The lack of agreement on the TAC for 2013 has led to quotas being unilaterally set, and resulted in a global TAC higher than the anticipated in the management plan. If the situation persists it may lead to overfishing and accelerate the present decline of the stock.
RECOMMENDATIONS

Last updated on 7 October 2016

Improvement Recommendations to Catchers & Regulators
  • Monitor fishery and management system for any changes that could jeopardize MSC re-certification.
Recommendations to Retailers & Supply Chain
  • Support the sustainability achievements of this fishery by sourcing this product, and ensure that the producers are aware that sustainability certification played a role in your decision to source this product.

Last updated on 7 October 2016

Improvement Recommendations to Catchers & Regulators
  • Work actively to address and close out conditions placed upon the certification of the fishery in the agreed timeframe.
  • Report achievements publicly to share progress with buyers.
Recommendations to Retailers & Supply Chain
  • Monitor the progress in closing out conditions placed upon the certification of the fishery and if agreed timelines are met.
  • Express your support to help meet conditions that may be at a government/regulatory level (where applicable).

1.STOCK STATUS

STOCK ASSESSMENT

Last updated on 1 March 2014

An age-based analytical (TASACS) assessment is conducted, taking into consideration catch at age data, acoustic surveys of adults and juveniles, a larval survey, and a 0-group survey. A benchmark assessment in 2008 opted for a VPA based model from the TASACS toolbox for use with the most recent data. There has been some uncertainty around the assessment estimates. A retrospective pattern has revealed overestimated spawning stock biomass (SSB) and underestimated fishing mortality (F) in previous assessments and recruitment estimates are uncertain (ICES, 2012a, 2012b). This was also observed in the most recent assessment (2013), but to a much smaller extent (ICES, 2013a).

Discarding is thought to be low. Slippage is known to occur but has not been quantified and could not be considered in the assessment (ICES, 2013a).

SCIENTIFIC ADVICE

Last updated on 9 January 2013

In 2010, ICES started a transition to a Maximum Sustainable Yield (MSY) approach for scientific advice (ICES 2010b). During the transition, catch options are presented under the ICES MSY approach, the precautionary approach (PA), and the management plan.

As for previous years, ICES advice is based on the management plan (MP). As the spawning biomass for 2014 is projected below the target of 5 million tonnes, the agreed management plan anticipates a reduction of the fishing mortality to F=0.099, meaning catches should be limited to 418,487 tonnes. This is expected to lead to decrease of 16% in SSB in 2015 (compared to 2014), to 3.54 million tonnes, below the management plan Btrigger (=Bpa). ICES’ MSY approach also implies a reduction in fishing mortality to 0.124 in 2014, resulting in landings of 519 thousand tonnes. According to the projections, this would also result in a decrease in SSB in 2015, to 3.5 million tonnes. Following the precautionary approach, at SSB levels below Bpa F should be reduced to allow a quick recovery of the stock. But even the absence of any fishing in 2014 is expected to lead to a decrease of SSB to below Bpa in 2015 (ICES, 2013a).

The recent lack of agreement by all parties on their share for the 2013 TAC has led to quotas being unilaterally set, and resulted in a global TAC higher than the anticipated in the management plan. ICES has advised that, if the situation persists, it may lead to overfishing and accelerate the present decline of the stock (ICES, 2013a). The Pelagic Regional Advisory Council has recommended “a return to the international agreement by all parties", and the 2014 TAC to be set according to the management plan (i.e., at 418,000 tonnes) (Pelagic RAC, 2013).

Reference Points

Last updated on 09 Jan 2013

The reference points for this fishery have remained unchanged since 2010 and are as follows (ICES, 2012a):

Management plan:MSY Approach:Precautionary Approach:
SSBMP = 5.0 million tons
FMP = 0.125*
MSY Btrigger = 5.0 million tons
FMSY = 0. 15 million tons
Blim = 2.5 million tons
Bpa = 5.0 million tons
Flim = not defined
Fpa = 0.15

*According to the agreed management plan for this fishery, target F will drop linearly from 0.125 at Bpa to 0.05 at Blim if the SSB is below Bpa (ICES, 2010c).

CURRENT STATUS

Last updated on 7 March 2014

The state of the stock was revised in 2012, with SSB revised downwards and F upwards. This was also observed in the most recent assessment (2013), but to a much smaller extent compared to previous years (ICES, 2013a).

Spawning stock biomass has been decreasing since 2009 and is currently estimated at 5 million tonnes, i.e., at Bpa. Fishing mortality has been fluctuating around Fpa (=FMSY) since 2003 and in 2011 and 2012 was estimated as just below Fpa but above the target F from the management plan (Ftarget = 0.125). The last strong recruitment was in 2004; since 2005 all cohorts have been small (ICES, 2013a).

Trends

Last updated on 07 Mar 2014

Fishing mortality has oscillated between Ftarget and Fpa since the mid-2000s, and in 2011-2012 has been just below Fpa. After an historical peak in 2009, when it was estimated at 8.5 million tonnes, SSB has been declining since due to the lack of strong year classes in the past decade, and is is currently at Bpa. Projections suggest that even under a no fishing scenario (F=0), the declining trend is expected to continue on the short-term. If the target fishing mortality defined in the management plan is followed, SSB is expected to decrease to 3.54 million tonnes in 2015 (ICES, 2013a).

2.MANAGEMENT QUALITY

MANAGEMENT

Last updated on 7 March 2014

A long term management plan was agreed in 1999 by the EU, Faroe Islands, Iceland, Norway, and Russia. The plan aims to keep the SSB above the Blim of 2,500 thousand tonnes and to restrict fishing mortality to 0.125, taking measures to linearly reduce it to 0.05 at Blim should SSB fall below 5,000 thousand tonnes (ICES, 2010a). ICES consider that this agreement is consistent with the precautionary approach (ICES, 2013a).

Prior to 2007, the set TACs fluctuated around the advised TACs. In 2007 the parties came to an agreement on quota distribution for the Norwegian spring-spawning herring stock and developed a statement of intent on future stability in quota ratios (MNSSH, 2007). For the period 2007-2012 the TAC was set in line with the advised TAC level. In 2013, the TAC was initially agreed at 619,000 tonnes, in line with the management plan and ICES advice. However, the Faroe Islands has later unilaterally decided to fix the national quota at 105,230 tonnes (well above the quota anticipated by the multilateral sharing arrangement initially agreed), resulting in a combined TAC 12% above the advised by ICES (ICES, 2013b). In late 2013, the Pelagic Regional Advisory Council had advised the EU Commission to “seek a return to the international agreement by all parties”, and the 2014 TAC to be set according to the management plan (i.e., at 418,000 tonnes) (Pelagic RAC, 2013). As of mid-February 2014, no agreement had been reached yet on the 2014 TAC.

Recovery Plans

Last updated on 07 Mar 2014

The herring population collapsed to the state of commercial extinction in the late 1960s; the stock remained at extremely low levels for over two decades. In the rebuilding phase of the stock in the 1980s and beginning of the 1990s (SSB < Blim = 2.5 million tonnes), the objective was to keep the fishing mortality below 0.05. With the exception of a few years, this objective was achieved. A minimum landing size regulation of 25 cm has been in place since 1977. This has prevented the exploitation of young herring. This regulation contributed to the rebuilding of the stock to fully recovered levels in the 1980s.

The management plan adopted in 1999 includes a harvest control rule that anticipates a linear reduction in the target fishing mortality should SSB fall below the trigger reference point Bpa. SSB is expected to fall below this level in 2015, at which point TAC reductions are expected to be applied (ICES, 2013a). The lack of agreement on the 2013 TAC anticipated by the management plan (details in Managers Decisions), and a possible lack of agreement on the 2014 TAC, is however of concern – it may result on over-exploitation, and accelerate the present decline in SSB (ICES, 2013a, 2013b).

COMPLIANCE

Last updated on 7 March 2014

Recent catches have been very close to the TACs set for respective years, indicating that compliance is fairly high, although catches in 2008, 2009 and 2011 slightly exceeded set TACs. In 2012, the total catches, of 826 thousand tonnes, were 1% below the set TAC. Catches in 2012 were conducted by Norway (491 thousand tonnes), Iceland (121 thousand tons), Russia (119 thousand tonnes), EU (58 thousand tonnes), Faroe Islands (36 thousand tonnes) and Greenland (1,490 tonnes) (ICES, 2013a).

Discarding is assumed to be low; however, with the northward expansion of Atlantic mackerel the potential for discarding is expected to increase. Slippage is known to occur, but not quantified (ICES, 2013a, 2013b).

Denmark

Last updated on 3 March 2014

As for the Atlanto-Scandian Herring fisheries in general (ICES, 2013a), bycatch and discards are close to zero in the MSC certified fishery (Chaudhury and Kirkegaard, 2011).

United Kingdom

Last updated on 7 March 2014

The collection of data on slippage was one of the recommendations upon MSC certification of this fishery (Southall, et al., 2010). According to recent data from skipper log-books, zero slippage took place from 26 vessels over 30 trips (Carleton et al., 2012)

Last updated on 7 March 2014

According to the Faroese law discarding is prohibited; discarding and slipping may occur but considered to be minimal (Kirkegaard et al., 2010). All retained species are reported and counted against their quotas, and are captured in very low rates (Chaudhury and Kirkegaard, 2011).

Last updated on 3 March 2014

Discarding is illegal and enforcement considered strong. Landings are recorded by species and quantities recorded and counted against quotas. Catch rates of non-target species are considered minimal though (Chaudhury et al., 2013).

Condition 1 of the MSC certification of the Norwegian fishery, regarding the record of slipped catches, is closed and retained as a recommendation. Efforts continue to reduce potential slipping mortalities. However, the Directorate of Fisheries (DoF) preferably seeks for solutions to minimize slippage rather than record species. Point-of-no-return’ marker buoys are also implemented to minimize mortality related to slippage. Onboard observers would allow biological sampling and data recollection of catches, slippage and non-commercial catches; seabirds will be included on the bycatch species list. Furthermore, the fleet client is also involved on the Centre for Research-based Innovation in Sustainable fish capture and Pre-processing technology (CRISP) initiative that aims to minimize/eliminate, bycatch, discard and slipping issues (Lockwood and Chaudhury, 2011).

3.ENVIRONMENT AND BIODIVERSITY

BYCATCH
ETP Species

Last updated on 7 March 2014

The stock is distributed through a vast area, and thus many marine mammals, sea-birds and other endangered, threatened or protected (ETP) species are known to occur in these waters. There is no evidence that ETP species have been affected by the Atlanto-Scandian herring fishery in the Northeast Atlantic, which is mostly conducted purse seiners and pelagic trawls (ICES, 2010a,c). There have been however reports from other regions of interactions of these fishing gears with marine mammals, in particular seals and dolphins (Morizur et al. 1999; Luke et al., 2006, Nichols et al., 2011).

There is limited information on the indirect impacts of the herring fishery in the ecosystems (.e.g., on the trophic structure), but research is underway (ICES, 2013a). Herring is an important food source for top level predators such as marine mammals and seabirds and it has been postulated that the rarity of sightings of marine mammals such as humpback whale, fin whale and minke whale in the Norwegian Sea in the summer of 2009 could be related to the low local densities of herring at that time, making feeding there less cost efficient (ICES, 2009b).

Denmark

Last updated on 7 March 2014

There is no evidence that of any significant direct impacts of the MSC certified fishery on protected, endangered or threatened (PET) species. A Codex for a Sustainable and Responsible Pelagic Fishery was adopted by all DPPO vessels with the aim to operate a self-sampling and reporting system for bycatch, including PET species; no discards or bycatches were recorded (Chaudhury and Kirkegaard, 2011).

United Kingdom

Last updated on 7 March 2014

Based on available information, there is no reported evidence of significant direct impacts on any PET species in the MSC certified fishery. The assessment team has recommended however that a strategy should be developed to monitor interactions of the fishery with ETP species, and that more information should obtained (via independent observer programs) to better evaluate the magnitude of such interactions (Southall et al., 2010). Results from a recent observer coverage program reinforced this is a clean fishery with little or no PET species interactions. Efforts to meet the MSC recommendations are considered “in progress” (Carleton et al., 2012).

Last updated on 23 April 2012

No marine mammals have been caught and seabirds are rarely captured within the MSC certified fishery; although data are not available and conclusions are based on FPO skippers’ observations (Kirkegaard et al., 2010).

Last updated on 3 March 2014

For the Norwegian fishery, which is MSC certified, there is no reported evidence of any significant direct impacts on ETP species. However, an MSC recommendation consisted of the necessity record bycatch and discard species to provide robust analysis – on distribution, ecology and abundance of commercial and non-commercial fish, mammals and seabirds and populations affected – and implement mitigation measures if needed (Lockwood and Chaudhury, 2011). In 2010, the Norwegian Directorate of Fisheries (DoF) put in force a regulation that requires bycatch of all species of commercial fish, seabirds and mammals to be recorded in e-logbooks. The system is not fully operational yet, but other sources of information suggest interactions with PET species are uncommon (Chaudhury et al., 2013).

Other Species

Last updated on 7 March 2014

There is limited quantitative information available on bycatch but it is assumed to be small (ICES, 2013a). With the northward expansion of Atlantic mackerel, there has been mixed catches in some areas.

Bycatch of redfish in the Pelagic Freezer-Trawler Association MSC certified fishery decreased since the fleet avoided the participation on the directed pelagic fishery in the last 12 months, according to an MSC recommendation. Bycatch of salmon was recommended by MSC to be recorded – to evaluate the impact of the high sea fisheries on the wild salmon stocks. To date there have been no reports of any salmon bycatch in this certified fishery (Andrews and Nichols, 2013).

Denmark

Last updated on 7 March 2014

The Atlanto-Scandian herring fishery is assumed to be a “very clean” fishery, with minimal bycatch of other species (Lockwood et al., 2009; ICES, 2013a). According to information collected in 2008, dominant bycatch species in the MSC certified fishery were blue whiting, sprat and saithe – these species are generally retained and counted against quotas (Lockwood et al., 2009). A Codex for a Sustainable and Responsible Pelagic Fishery was adopted by all DPPO vessels with the aim to operate a self-sampling and reporting system for bycatch; no discards or bycatches were recorded (Chaudhury and Kirkegaard, 2011).

United Kingdom

Last updated on 7 March 2014

There is still limited quantitative information available on bycatch, but Atlanto-Scandian herring fishery is assumed to be a “very clean” fishery, with minimal bycatch of other species (Southal et al., 2010; ICES, 2013a). In the MSC certified fishery a few other commercial species are generally by-caught and retained (and counted against the respective quotas), but total bycatch of these species represents less than 0.5% of the total catch. The dominant non-target species are blue whiting and Atlantic mackerel (Southall et al., 2010). According to available information, there is no reported evidence of slippage in this fishery. But MSC has recommended a protocol to record systematically any future instances of slippage; Based on the latest surveillance report, progress is underway to meet this recommendation (Carleton et al., 2012).

Atlantic mackerel Scomber scombrus has been changing geographic distribution, overlapping with herring summer feeding grounds; thus, bycatch of this species has the potential to increase in future years (Carleton et al., 2012; ICES, 2013a).

Last updated on 7 March 2014

Herring fisheries around the Faroes and Iceland have in recent years been hampered by the presence of mackerel schools (ICES, 2010a).

A Codex for a Sustainable and Responsible Pelagic Fishery, formally adopted by FPO in 2011, includes currently a section that specifies that “FPO vessels work actively to avoid by-catch and catch of juvenile fish”. Discarding is prohibited in Faroese waters, thus all catch must be landed and recorded (Kiseleva and Kirkegaard, 2013). Retained non-target species are considered to be low (Chaudhury and Kirkegaard, 2011).

This fishery poses little risk to seabirds, so it is unlikely to cause any bycatch or mortality of any seabirds.

Last updated on 7 March 2014

Known bycatches in the other Atlanto-Scandian herring seine fisheries consist of a small amount of large saithe chasing the herring migrations. Bycatches of haddock, whiting, mackerel and horse mackerel, related with the herring pelagic trawling, have also been noted; however Icelandic regulations mandate these species must be retained and count against quotas (IMFA, undated).

Last updated on 7 March 2014

There is still limited quantitative information available on the bycatch, but this is assumed to be a “very clean” fishery, with minimal bycatch of other species (Lockwood and Chaudhury, 2012; ICES, 2013a). The fisheries inspection services can close areas if proportion of juveniles or bycatch levels is above acceptable limits (Pilling et al., 2009; Fisheries.no, 2014a). Discarding is illegal and landings are recorded by species and quantities.

In 2010, the Norwegian Directorate of Fisheries (DoF) put in force a regulation that requires bycatch of all species of commercial fish, seabirds and mammals to be recorded in e-logbooks, but the system is not fully operational yet. According to available data, the dominant bycatch species in the MSC certified herring fishery are saithe, blue whiting, cod, and mackerel, but the catch rates are considered trivial (Lockwood and Chaudhury, 2012).

Atlantic mackerel Scomber scombrus has been changing geographic distribution, overlapping with herring summer feeding grounds; thus, bycatch of this species has the potential to increase in future years (Lockwood and Chaudhury, 2011; ICES, 2013a).

Norway
Purse seines

Known bycatches in the Norwegian purse seine fishery consist of a small amount of large saithe chasing the herring migrations.

Midwater trawls

Bycatches of haddock, whiting, mackerel and horse mackerel, related with the herring pelagic trawling, have also been noted in the Norwegian sea; however Norwegian regulations mandate these species must be retained and count against quotas (Pilling et al., 2009). 

HABITAT

Last updated on 6 March 2014

The Norwegian Spring spawning herring is a highly migratory stock that is distributed throughout large parts of the Northeast Atlantic during its lifespan. The herring spawns along the Norwegian west coast in February to March. The larvae drift north and northeast to the Norwegian coast and the Barents Sea, where the main areas for immature fish are found. Most of the young herring leave the Barents Sea at three years of age and feed off northern Norway for two years, before recruiting to the spawning stock at 5 years olds.

Little is known about the indirect effects of the herring fishery on the ecosystem but research is underway. As it is a pelagic fishery, conducted with either purse seine or pelagic trawl, direct effects of gears on the benthic habitat are considered negligible (Pilling et al., 2009; ICES, 2013a).

Marine Reserves

Last updated on 06 Mar 2014

No information has yet been found on areas permanently closed to fishing.

Efforts are currently being expended to establish an ecologically coherent network of well-managed marine protected areas in the NE Atlantic. Within spring-spawning herring’s distribution are three sites proposed off Norway’s coast, where more are also being considered for the protection of seabirds. The network was planned to be established by 2010. As of December 2012, the OSPAR Network of MPAs was comprised by a total of 333 MPAs, covering approx. 5.17% of the OSPAR maritime area in the NE Atlantic. However, available information is still considered insufficient to infer on to what extent the target of a well-managed and ecologically coherent network of MPAs is being met (OSPAR Commission, 2013).

United Kingdom

Last updated on 7 March 2014

Best practices and measures to avoid contact with seabed (e.g., electronic systems such as depth sounders, sonars and trawl monitoring sensors) are assumed to be in place across the MSC certified fleet (Southall et al., 2010).

Last updated on 7 March 2014

Measures such as fishing gear restrictions and closed areas are used in Icelandic waters, in order to protect vulnerable habitats (IMFA, undated).

Last updated on 7 March 2014

The knowledge about habitats coincident with Norwegian fishing operations is detailed, recent and properly monitored. Vulnerable seabed habitats such as cold water corals and sponge communities are being mapped. MAREANO programme performs studies of the seabed’s physical, biological and chemical environments; IMR research also improves the knowledge (Pilling et al., 2009).

FishSource Scores

SELECT SCORES

MANAGEMENT QUALITY

As calculated for 2013 data.

The score is 8.4.

This measures the F at low biomass as a percentage of the F management target.

The F at low biomass is 0.0500 (from management plan). The F management target is 0.125 .

The underlying F at low biomass/F management target for this index is 40.0%.

Different components of this stock score differently at the fishery level. Please look at the individual fisheries using the selection drop down above.

As calculated for 2013 data.

The score is 8.1.

This measures the Set TAC as a percentage of the Advised TAC.

The Set TAC is 692 ('000 t). The Advised TAC is 619 ('000 t) .

The underlying Set TAC/Advised TAC for this index is 112%.

As calculated for 2012 data.

The score is 10.0.

This measures the Catch as a percentage of the Set TAC.

The Catch is 826 ('000 t). The Set TAC is 833 ('000 t) .

The underlying Catch/Set TAC for this index is 99.2%.

STOCK HEALTH:

As calculated for 2013 data.

The score is 8.0.

This measures the SSB as a percentage of the SSBpa.

The SSB is 5010 ('000 t). The SSBpa is 5000 ('000 t) .

The underlying SSB/SSBpa for this index is 100%.

As calculated for 2012 data.

The score is 7.4.

This measures the F as a percentage of the F management target.

The F is 0.144 (age-averaged). The F management target is 0.125 .

The underlying F/F management target for this index is 115%.

To see data for biomass, please view this site on a desktop.
To see data for catch and tac, please view this site on a desktop.
To see data for fishing mortality, please view this site on a desktop.
No data available for recruitment
No data available for recruitment
To see data for management quality, please view this site on a desktop.
To see data for stock status, please view this site on a desktop.
DATA NOTES
  1. Advised catches for 2014 are based on the precautionary management plan for the fishery.
  2. The set TACs for 2003-2005 and 2013 correspond to the sum of the national quotas; the TAC overshoot in 2013 is related to an unilateral quota of 105,230 tonnes set by the Faroes Islands (ICES, 2013b).
  3. Fishing mortality (F) is weighted F with stock numbers (ICES, 2013a).

Download Source Data

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Fishery Improvement Projects (FIPs)

No related FIPs

Certifications

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)

SELECT MSC

NAME

Danish Pelagic Producers Organisation Atlanto Scandian Herring

STATUS

MSC Certified on 21 July 2009

SCORES

Principle Level Scores:

Principle Score
Principle 1 – Sustainability and Exploited stock 94.38
Principle 2 - Maintenance and Ecosystem 94.67
Principle 3 – Management System 96.25

Certification Type: Platinum

Sources

Credits
  1. Andrews, J. and Nichols, J. 2013. Surveillance Report Pelagic Freezer Trawler Association Atlanto-Scandian Herring Trawl Fishery. Intertek Moody Marine, August 2013. 28pphttp://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/fisheries-in-the-program/certified/north-east-atlantic/pelagic-freezer-trawler-association-atlanto-scandian-herring/assessment-downloads-1/20130806_SR_HER149.pdf
  2. Andrews, J., Eltink, A., Lockwood, S. J. 2010. MSC Assessment Report for Pelagic Freezer-Trawler Association Atlanto-Scandian Herring Fishery Client: Pelagic Freezer-Trawler Association Version 5: Public Certification Report, 130 p.http://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/certified/north-east-atlantic/pelagic-freezer-trawler-association-atlanto-scandian-herring/assessment-downloads-1/01.06.2010-pfa-as-herring-pcr.pdf
  3. Andrews, J., Nichols, J. 2011. Surveillance Report Pelagic Freezer Trawler Association Atlanto-Scandian Herring Trawl Fishery, Certificate No.: MML-F-061, Moody Marine Ltd., 14 p.http://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/certified/north-east-atlantic/pelagic-freezer-trawler-association-atlanto-scandian-herring/assessment-downloads-1/1.09.2011_PFA_Atlanto-Scandian_Herring_1st_Surveillance_Audit.pdf
  4. Andrews, J., Nichols, J., 2014. Surveillance Report Pelagic Freezer Trawler Association Atlanto-Scandian Herring Trawl Fishery. Intertek Fisheries Certification, June 2014. 23pphttp://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/fisheries-in-the-program/certified/north-east-atlantic/pelagic-freezer-trawler-association-atlanto-scandian-herring/assessment-downloads-1/20140708_SR_HER149.pdf
  5. Bjørndal T, Ussif A-A, Ussif RS, 2004. A bioeconomic analysis of the Norwegian Spring-spawning herring (NSSH) stock. Marine Resource Economics 19:353-365.http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/bitstream/28252/1/19030353.pdf
  6. Carleton, C., Medley, P., Southall, T. and Smith, R., 2012. 2nd Surveillance Report for the assessment of the Scottish Pelagic Sustainable Group Ltd (SPSG) Atlanto-scandian herring fishery Fishery. Food Certification International Ltd. February 2012. 19 pp.http://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/fisheries-in-the-program/certified/north-east-atlantic/scottish-pelagic-sustainability-group-ltd-atlanto-scandian-herring/assessment-downloads-1/20120216_SR.pdf
  7. Carleton, C., Medley, P., Southall, T., Gill, M. and Smith, R., 2011. 1st Surveillance Report for the assessment of the Scottish Pelagic Sustainable Group Ltd (SPSG) Atlanto-scandian herring fishery Fishery. Food Certification International Ltd. February 2011. 20 pp.http://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/fisheries-in-the-program/certified/north-east-atlantic/scottish-pelagic-sustainability-group-ltd-atlanto-scandian-herring/assessment-downloads-1/17.02.2011-1st_SPSG_ASH_herring_Public_Surveillance_Report_-_Final_-_15Feb11.pdf
  8. Chaudhury, S., Kirkegaard, E. 2011. The Danish Pelagic Producers Organisation Atlanto-Scandian, Herring Fishery, Second Surveillance audit, 12 p.http://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/certified/north-east-atlantic/DPPO-Atlanto-Scandian-herring/assessment-downloads-1/DPPO_AS_Herring_MSCF_Surv2_Report.pdf
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