Profile updated on 14 December 2023





Thunnus albacares


Yellowfin tuna

Yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares ) is considered a single population in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean (WCPO) for stock assessment purposes (Vincent et al. 2020 and references cited therein). However, there is still uncertainty about the stock structure along the Pacific Ocean (Aguila et al. 2015). Regular stock assessment is developed by the Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission (WCPFC) and the same entity sets conservation and management measures for this stock in this region.

The Parties to the Nauru Agreement (PNA) is a regional binding treaty-level instrument to facilitate cooperation in the management of fisheries resources of common interest. The agreement requires the management of straddling/highly migratory fish stocks on a subregion basis through Regional Fisheries Management Organizations (RFMOs), and the WCPFC Convention (the regional fisheries agreement covering the WCPFC convention area). PNA members are simultaneously members of the WCPFC and so, a single management unit is set for PNA-related profiles. The PNA unassociated (free school) fishery was MSC-certified in 2011.

In Indonesia, yellowfin tuna distribution areas cover the waters of the west and south of Sumatra, southern Java, Bali and Nusa Tenggara, Banda Sea and Mallucas island’s sea, Sulawesi Sea and western waters of Papua.

As a highly migratory species resulting in the possibility of mixing fish populations, especially in the territorial waters of Indonesia that have the characteristics of archipelagic waters directly adjacent to the ocean waters. Based on phylogenetic and population structure analysis, there is no genetic differentiation between the two populations in Ambon and North Moluccas Sea (Akbar and Aris 2018).

According to (LP2T 2016), there is no difference in the structure of yellowfin tuna populations in FMA 572, FMA 573 and the northern waters of Sulawesi (Bitung).


  • Stock assessment is developed regularly and, the most recent (2020) concludes that the yellowfin Tuna stock in the WCPO region was not overfished and was not experiencing overfishing (Vincent et al. 2020).
  • The Indonesian management objective for yellowfin tuna is: to ensure the sustainability of yellowfin tuna resources, through harvest strategy implementation. Indonesia intends to develop and implement scientifically-tested harvest strategies to manage the level of targeted fishing on these tuna resources (Indonesia 2018)


Management Quality:

Management Strategy:

≥ 6

Managers Compliance:

≥ 6

Fishers Compliance:

≥ 8