Last updated on 9 March 2016

SUMMARY

SUMMARY

IDENTIFICATION

SCIENTIFIC NAME(s)

Chionoecetes opilio

SPECIES NAME(s)

Queen crab, snow crab

COMMON NAMES

crabe des neiges (French)

Puebla et al. (2008) found homogeneity on the genetic structure of queen crab along the west coast of Greenland and within Atlantic Canada from southern Labrador to Nova Scotia. Four assessment units are delimited by DFO-Canada and managed separately: Estuary and N Gulf of St Lawrence (areas 13 to 17, 12A, 12B, 12C and 16A), Newfoundland and Labrador (offshore and inshore areas of Divisions 2HJ3KLNOP4R), Nova Scotia (North and South Nova Scotia 4V,W,X) and S Gulf of St Lawrence (Areas 12, 19, 12E and 12F). Within W Greenland there are 6 management units: Upernavik, Uummannaq-Disko Bay, Sisimiut, Maniitsoq-Kangaamiut, Nuuk-Paamiut and Narsaq-Qaqortoq (Burmeister, 2010).


ANALYSIS

No related analysis

FISHSOURCE SCORES

Management Quality:

Management Strategy:

≥ 6

Managers Compliance:

≥ 6

Fishers Compliance:

≥ 6

Stock Health:

Current
Health:

≥ 6

Future Health:

≥ 6


RECOMMENDATIONS

CATCHERS & REGULATORS

1. Continue to use season, male-only restrictions, trip limits, quota, trap limits, and other measures to ensure overages do not occur.
2. Suggest studies be conducted on the mixing of adults between areas as currently assessed.
3. Managers are encouraged to comply with MSC conditions.
4. Catchers are encouraged to continue using pots as the primary method of harvest.

1. Work actively to address and close out conditions placed upon the certification of the fishery in the agreed timeframe.
2. Report achievements publicly to share progress with buyers.

RETAILERS & SUPPLY CHAIN

1. Monitor the progress in closing out conditions placed upon the certification of the fishery and if agreed timelines are met.
2. Express your support to help meet conditions that may be at a government/regulatory level (where applicable). Please contact the relevant SFP Sector Group or Supplier Roundtable for more specific information.


FIPS

No related FIPs

CERTIFICATIONS

  • Newfoundland & Labrador snow crab:

    MSC Certified

Fisheries

Within FishSource, the term "fishery" is used to indicate each unique combination of a flag country with a fishing gear, operating within a particular management unit, upon a resource. That resource may have a known biological stock structure and/or may be assessed at another level for practical or jurisdictional reasons. A fishery is the finest scale of resolution captured in FishSource profiles, as it is generally the scale at which sustainability can most fairly and practically be evaluated.

ASSESSMENT UNIT MANAGEMENT UNIT FLAG COUNTRY FISHING GEAR
Estuary and N Gulf of St Lawrence Canada Estuary and N Gulf of St Lawrence Canada Pots
Traps
Newfoundland and Labrador Canada Newfoundland and Labrador Canada Pots
Nova Scotia Canada Nova Scotia Canada Pots
S Gulf of St. Lawrence Canada S Gulf of St. Lawrence Canada Pots
Traps
W Greenland Greenland Maniitsoq-Kangaamiut Greenland Stow nets
Greenland Narsaq-Qaqortoq Greenland Stow nets
Greenland Nuuk-Paamiut Greenland Stow nets
Greenland Sisimiut Greenland Stow nets
Greenland Upernavik Greenland Stow nets
Greenland Uummannaq-Disko Bay Greenland Stow nets

Analysis

OVERVIEW

RECOMMENDATIONS
Newfoundland and Labrador

Last updated on 24 October 2016

Improvement Recommendations to Catchers & Regulators

1. Work actively to address and close out conditions placed upon the certification of the fishery in the agreed timeframe.
2. Report achievements publicly to share progress with buyers.

1. Continue to use season, male-only restrictions, trip limits, quota, trap limits, and other measures to ensure overages do not occur.
2. Suggest studies be conducted on the mixing of adults between areas as currently assessed.
3. Managers are encouraged to comply with MSC conditions.
4. Catchers are encouraged to continue using pots as the primary method of harvest.

Recommendations to Retailers & Supply Chain

1. Monitor the progress in closing out conditions placed upon the certification of the fishery and if agreed timelines are met.
2. Express your support to help meet conditions that may be at a government/regulatory level (where applicable). Please contact the relevant SFP Sector Group or Supplier Roundtable for more specific information.

1.STOCK STATUS

2.MANAGEMENT QUALITY

3.ENVIRONMENT AND BIODIVERSITY

FishSource Scores

Last updated on 31 January 2017

MANAGEMENT QUALITY

As calculated for 2010 data.

The score is ≥ 6.

No analytical assessment available. But stock managed using yearly adjusted quotas based on trawl surveys.

As calculated for 2010 data.

The score is ≥ 6.

Managers generally follow scientific advice

As calculated for 2010 data.

The score is ≥ 6.

Harvesters follow quotas and have other measures in place to prevent overages.

STOCK HEALTH:

As calculated for 2010 data.

The score is ≥ 6.

Abundance indices generally above long term averages

As calculated for 2010 data.

The score is ≥ 6.

measures of exploitation at long term averages. Effort increasing to capacity

No data available for biomass
No data available for biomass
No data available for catch and tac
No data available for catch and tac
No data available for fishing mortality
No data available for fishing mortality
No data available for recruitment
No data available for recruitment
To see data for management quality, please view this site on a desktop.
To see data for stock status, please view this site on a desktop.
DATA NOTES
Newfoundland and Labrador

Notes: Stocks are assessed by units individually and further broken as inshore and off shore for some (see DFO, 2011). Validity of these as separate stocks is uncertain.

No analytical assessment exists. Hard quotas, trip limits, and trap limits in place.  Assessment conducted using catch over survey biomass in most cases, or swept area biomass calculations for some units.

Landings information not publicly available in raw form, but see DFO 2011 Figure 2.

Download Source Data

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Fishery Improvement Projects (FIPs)

No related FIPs

Certifications

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)

SELECT MSC

NAME

Newfoundland & Labrador snow crab

STATUS

MSC Certified on 16 April 2013

SCORES

This fishery was MSC Certified in April of 2013.

Principle Level Scores:

Principle Score
Principle 1 – Target Species 80.0
Principle 2 - Ecosystem 89.7
Principle 3 – Management System 84.1

Certification Type: Silver

Sources

References

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