European pilchard, Sardine, European sardine
Several studies have been conducted to understand European pilchard stock structure widely distributed in the Northeast and Eastern Central Atlantic, and the Mediterranean and Black Sea (e.g. Spanakis et al., 1989; Tinti et al., 2002; Kasapidis et al., 2004; Atarhouch et al., 2006; Chlaida et al., 2006; Silva et al., 2006; Laurent et al., 2007; Chlaida et al., 2009; Antonakakis et al., 2011). However further research is needed considering uncertainties (Kasapidis et al., 2012; ICES, 2014b). Thus here we consider the following assessment units along the European pilchard distribution:
By the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES):
- Iberian (ICES Divisions VIIIc and IXa) and 2) and Bay of Biscay, Southern Celtic Seas and English Channel (ICES Divisions VIIIa,b,d and Subarea VII)
By the General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean (GFCM; FAO) of the 8 stock assessment units assumed (FAO, 2009; Kasapidis et al., 2012; GFCM, 2014) these 2 are already covered in profiles:
- Northern Adriatic Sea (GSA 17) and Northern Alboran Sea (GSA 01)
By the Fishery Committee for the Eastern Central Atlantic (FAO, 2013a,b):
- NW Africa central (zones A+B; 32ºN – 26ºN) and NW Africa southern (zone C; 26ºN – the southern extent of the species distribution).
Within FishSource, the term "fishery" is used to indicate each unique combination of a flag country with a fishing gear, operating within a particular management unit, upon a resource. That resource may have a known biological stock structure and/or may be assessed at another level for practical or jurisdictional reasons. A fishery is the finest scale of resolution captured in FishSource profiles, as it is generally the scale at which sustainability can most fairly and practically be evaluated.
Last updated on 12 January 2019
No related FIPs
No related MSC certifications
De Felice, L. A., Biagiotti, I., Canduci, G., Mandić, M., Pešić, A., Joksimović, A., Regner, S., Kolitari, J. 2013. Stock status report 2011, Sardine – Northern Adriatic, 2010. Fishery Resources Monitoring System (FIRMS), 2013, FAO GFCM Sub- Committee on Stock Assessment (FAO GFCM- SCSA). [Accessed on 15th July 2013] http://firms.fao.org/firms/resource/10548/en
Santojanni, A., Leonori, I., Carpi, P., De Felice, A., Angelini, S., Belardinelli, A., Biagiotti, I., Canduci, G., Cikes Kec, V., Cingolani, N., Colella, S., Donato F., Marceta, B., Modic, T., Panfili, M., Pengal, P., Ticina, V., Zorica, B. 2011. SAC GFCM Sub-Committee on Stock Assessment, Code: PIL1711Doc, 23 pp. http://18.104.22.168/GfcmWebSite/SAC/SCSA/13/SAFs/Small-Pelagics/2011_PIL_GSA17_ADRIAMED.pdf
Santojanni, A., Leonori, I., Carpi, P., De Felice, A., Cingolani, N., Belardinelli, A., Biagiotti, I., Campanella, F., Cikes Kec, V., Colella, S., Donato, F., Marceta, B., Modic, T., Panfili, M., Pengal, P., Ticina, V., Zorica, B. 2010. SAC GFCM Sub-Committee on Stock Assessment, Code: PIL1710Doc, 25 pp. http://22.214.171.124/GfcmWebSite/SAC/SCSA/WG_Small_Pelagics/2010/SAF/2010_PIL_GSA17_CNR.pdf
Tinti, F., Di Nunno, C., Guarniero, I., Talenti, M., Tommasini, S., Fabbri, E., Piccinetti, C. 2002. Mitochondrial DNA sequence variation suggests the lack of genetic heterogeneity in the Adriatic and Ionian stocks of Sardina pilchardus. Marine Biotechnology (NY) 4(2):163-72 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14961276