Last updated on 18 October 2018

SUMMARY

SUMMARY

IDENTIFICATION

SCIENTIFIC NAME(s)

Engraulis encrasicolus

SPECIES NAME(s)

European anchovy

A unique stock is considered in the Northern Adriatic Sea (GSA 17) (Bembo et al, 1996; GFCM, 2012) distinct from the Southern Adriatic Sea stock (GSA 18).


ANALYSIS

Strengths
  • The stock is considered to be “sustainably harvested”.
  • Abundance is considered to be “intermediate” with “stable” biomass and recruitment trends. The current biomass is above the limit and precautionary reference points.
  • There is no landings limit in place but there is a recommendation, based on a formal stock assessment, to not increase fishing mortality.
  • A sub-regional management plan, based on a precautionary system, is being developed. Technical measures are in place.
  • Temporal and permanent closures are established, and also Marine protected areas and biological conservation zones.
Weaknesses
  • The stock is considered fully exploited.
  • Fishing mortality has been decreasing but it is still above recommended levels.
  • Data on bycatch and discards is not available. The impact of the fishery on Protected, Endangered and Threatened species and on the ecosystem is not known.

FISHSOURCE SCORES

Management Quality:

Management Strategy:

≥ 6

Managers Compliance:

≥ 6

Fishers Compliance:

≥ 6

Stock Health:

Current
Health:

9.3

Future Health:

5.9


RECOMMENDATIONS

CATCHERS & REGULATORS

1. Make data on discards and bycatch public.
2. Regulators to adopt a management plan with a specific harvest control rule and that takes into account sardine.

RETAILERS & SUPPLY CHAIN

1. Request (or ask your supply chain) that discard and bycatch data is made public.
2. Contact (or ask your supply chain) the responsible national fisheries administration and request that they adopt a management plan with a specific harvest control rule and that takes into account sardine.


FIPS

No related FIPs

CERTIFICATIONS

No related MSC fisheries

Fisheries

Within FishSource, the term "fishery" is used to indicate each unique combination of a flag country with a fishing gear, operating within a particular management unit, upon a resource. That resource may have a known biological stock structure and/or may be assessed at another level for practical or jurisdictional reasons. A fishery is the finest scale of resolution captured in FishSource profiles, as it is generally the scale at which sustainability can most fairly and practically be evaluated.

ASSESSMENT UNIT MANAGEMENT UNIT FLAG COUNTRY FISHING GEAR
Northern Adriatic Sea GFCM Croatia Purse seines
Italy Midwater trawls
Purse seines
Ring nets

Analysis

OVERVIEW

Last updated on 28 May 2014

Strengths
  • The stock is considered to be “sustainably harvested”.
  • Abundance is considered to be “intermediate” with “stable” biomass and recruitment trends. The current biomass is above the limit and precautionary reference points.
  • There is no landings limit in place but there is a recommendation, based on a formal stock assessment, to not increase fishing mortality.
  • A sub-regional management plan, based on a precautionary system, is being developed. Technical measures are in place.
  • Temporal and permanent closures are established, and also Marine protected areas and biological conservation zones.
Weaknesses
  • The stock is considered fully exploited.
  • Fishing mortality has been decreasing but it is still above recommended levels.
  • Data on bycatch and discards is not available. The impact of the fishery on Protected, Endangered and Threatened species and on the ecosystem is not known.
RECOMMENDATIONS

Last updated on 31 August 2016

Improvement Recommendations to Catchers & Regulators

1. Make data on discards and bycatch public.
2. Regulators to adopt a management plan with a specific harvest control rule and that takes into account sardine.

Recommendations to Retailers & Supply Chain

1. Request (or ask your supply chain) that discard and bycatch data is made public.
2. Contact (or ask your supply chain) the responsible national fisheries administration and request that they adopt a management plan with a specific harvest control rule and that takes into account sardine.

1.STOCK STATUS

No related analysis

2.MANAGEMENT QUALITY

No related analysis

3.ENVIRONMENT AND BIODIVERSITY

No related analysis

FishSource Scores

SELECT SCORES

MANAGEMENT QUALITY

As calculated for 2013 data.

The score is ≥ 6.

No harvest control rule is defined. A sub-regional management plan, based on a precautionary system, is being developed. A temporal closure to protect the spawning stock is established in a year basis, from mid-July to mid-August, for pelagic trawlers; purse-seines cannot fish on weekends. Technical measures comprise the protection of sensitive habitats, a minimum landing size (GFCM, 2013). A formal stock assessment is conducted.

As calculated for 2013 data.

The score is ≥ 6.

There is a recommendation to “not increase fishing mortality” given the stock status and regarding adopted reference points. Considering the multispecies characteristics of the fishery of small pelagics in the Adriatic sea, sardine and anchovy should be managed jointly (GFCM, 2012).

As calculated for 2013 data.

The score is ≥ 6.

Fishing mortality has been decreasing but it is still above recommended levels. A Monitoring, Control and Surveillance (MCS) system and Vessel Monitoring System (VMS) for the fleet with >15m is in being building up (GFCM, 2013). The fishery is considered to be sustainably exploited (GFCM, 2012).

STOCK HEALTH:

As calculated for 2011 data.

The score is 9.3.

This measures the SSB as a percentage of the SSBpa.

The SSB is 333 ('000 t). The SSBpa is 251 ('000 t) .

The underlying SSB/SSBpa for this index is 133%.

As calculated for 2011 data.

The score is 5.9.

This measures the F as a percentage of the Fpa.

The F is 0.613 (age-averaged). The Fpa is 0.400 .

The underlying F/Fpa for this index is 153%.

To see data for biomass, please view this site on a desktop.
To see data for catch and tac, please view this site on a desktop.
To see data for fishing mortality, please view this site on a desktop.
No data available for recruitment
No data available for recruitment
To see data for management quality, please view this site on a desktop.
To see data for stock status, please view this site on a desktop.
DATA NOTES
  1. Biomass reference points are determined in relation to the stock biomass (GFCM, 2012).
  2. No harvest control rule is established; the precautionary fishing mortality reference point Fpa is at 0.4. Score #1 was qualitatively determined and based on the available information. A sub-regional management plan, based on a precautionary system, is being developed (GFCM, 2013).
  3. There is no quantitative information on advised or set TAC, thus a qualitative score was assigned to scores #2 and #3.
  4. Landings comprise Italian and Croatian vessels (GFCM, 2012).

Download Source Data

Registered users can download the original data file for calculating the scores after logging in. If you wish, you can Register now.

Fishery Improvement Projects (FIPs)

No related FIPs

Certifications

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)

No related MSC certifications

Sources

Credits

Bembo, D. G., Carvalho, G. R., Cingolani, N., Arneri, E., Giannetti, G., Pitcher, T. J., 1996. Allozymic and morphometric evidence for two stocks of the European anchovy Engraulis encrasicolus in Adriatic waters, Marine Biology 126: 529-538http://www.springerlink.com/content/m417x11l8208305t/fulltext.pdf

Fisheries Resources Monitoring System (FIRMS), 2011. Marine Resource Fact sheet, Stock status report 2008, Anchovy - Northern Adriatic 2007, General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean (GFCM). [Available online on 14th November 2011]http://firms.fao.org/firms/resource/10546/en

Fouzai, N., Coll, M., Palomera, I., Santojanni, A., Arneri, E., Christensen, V. 2012. Fishing management scenarios to rebuild exploited resources and ecosystems of the Northern-Central Adriatic (Mediterranean Sea), Journal of Marine Systems 102–104: 39–51 http://digital.csic.es/bitstream/10261/56131/1/MARSYS102_104.pdf

General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean (GFCM), undated. European Union Proposal for GFCM recommendation on a multiannual management plan for fisheries on small pelagic stocks in the GFCM-GSA 17 (Northern Adriatic Sea) and on transitional measures for fisheries on small pelagic stocks in GSA 18 (Southern Adriatic Sea), 11 pp. http://151.1.154.86/GfcmWebSite/GFCM/37/EU_Proposal_1_MultiannualManagementPlansSmallPelagics-e.pdf

General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean (GFCM), 2012. Report of the Working Group on Stock Assesment of Small Pelagics species, Sub-Committee on Stock Assessment (SCSA), FAO, 258 pp. http://151.1.154.86/GfcmWebSite/SAC/SCSA/WG_Small_Pelagics/2012/WGSA_SmallPelagic_Split_Report_FINAL.pdf

IndiSeas, 2013. Indicators for the Seas. Adriatic Sea (North Central). [Accessed 25th July 2013] http://www.indiseas.org/ecosystems/adriatic-sea-north-central

References

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    European anchovy - Northern Adriatic Sea

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