Profile updated on 30 November 2021
South American pilchard, Australian pilchard, California pilchard, Japanese pilchard, Southern African pilchard
Pacific sardine, sardina Monterrey
South American pilchard (Sardinops sagax ) or Pacific sardine is a neritic, coastal pelagic species caught down to depths of about 40 m, that forms large schools. Pacific sardine off the West Coast of North America is thought to consist of three subpopulations or stocks (Hill et al., 2011). A northern (“cold”) subpopulation (northern Baja California to Alaska), a southern subpopulation (outer coastal Baja California to southern California), and a Gulf of California subpopulation have been distinguished by population studies (Hill et al. 2015).
Image: Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeioidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO via FishBase.