Profile updated on 28 February 2024





Plectropomus leopardus


Leopard coralgrouper


Kerapu sunu

This  profile refers to Plectropomus leopardus (Leopard coralgrouper) and is known in the fisheries trade in Indonesia as kerapu sunu. Leopard coralgrouper is caught in multi-species fisheries targeting snappers nei, groupers nei and other reef fishes. Leopard coralgrouper is one of the 5 grouper species reported to FAO, representing almost 30% of the total landings of groupers reported for Indonesia (FAO 2020), but for recent data (2020), this species represent about 57% of the total groupers landings (FAO 2022).  According to data provided by the FIP, this species is not included in the top 20 species caught in Indonesia (Banks 2020). This report mentions that the most common species of groupers caught in WPP-713 is areolate grouper (Epinephelus areolatus). Official national statistics do not provide catch at the species level (BPS- Statistics Indonesia 2019). In the interim harvest control rule, the three priority grouper species identified in the FMA 713 are orange-spotted grouper (Epinephelus coioides), areolate grouper (Epinephelus areolatus), white-edged lyretail (Variola albimarginata), and leopard coralgrouper (Plectropomus leopardus) (MMAF, 2020). Clarification of the species target by the fishery is needed. This profile may undergo restructuring in the future as new information comes to light. In terms of the Fisheries Management Area, this profile refers to the FMA 713 assessment unit that covers Makassar Strait, Bone Bay, Bali Sea, and Flores Sea (under the jurisdiction of 10 provinces). However, in short, we refer it to as “Makassar Strait – Flores Sea”.


  • An interim Harvest control rule for grouper fishery in FMA-713 was developed in 2020 and in 2024 Harvest Strategy has been approved by the Legal Bureau, MMAF, however it has not been gazette.


Management Quality:

Management Strategy:

≥ 6

Managers Compliance:

≥ 6

Fishers Compliance:

< 6

Smale-Scale Fisheries:

Security of Tenure Rights:
Participatory Management: