Last updated on 3 August 2018

SUMMARY

SUMMARY

IDENTIFICATION

SCIENTIFIC NAME(s)

Panulirus argus

SPECIES NAME(s)

Caribbean spiny lobster

The complete stock structure of the Caribbean spiny lobster is not fully understood. Silberman et al. (1994) concluded that there is single genetic stock throughout its entire distribution area, however, a recent review of oceanographic and genetic available data indicates that Brazilian populations are characterized by a considerable degree of self-recruitment, and are assessed independently of the Caribbean populations (Andrade, 2015). Larval connectivity in the Caribbean has been described by (Kough et al. 2013): larval exchanges transcend international boundaries, nonetheless, self-recruitment of lobsters dominates larval recruitment in the Bahamas, Cuba, Nicaragua and Venezuela; while the Cayman Islands, Colombia, Honduras, Jamaica, Panama, and Puerto Rico lobter populations depend largely on larval subsidies from outside their borders. 

This profile considers the Caribbean lobster meta-population, and includes assessments conducted at national level, when available. The assessment unit and supposed stock along the Northern Brazilian coast is considered separately in the Northern SW Atlantic profile. 

 


ANALYSIS

Strengths
  • There have been improvements in knowledge about larval dispersal and populations connectivity.
  • There have been improvements at regional level, such as the establishment of recent working groups on Fisheries Data and Statistics and on Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated fishing.
  • Stocks in 2014 were considered in better condition. 

FISHSOURCE SCORES

Management Quality:

Management Strategy:

≥ 6

Managers Compliance:

≥ 6

Fishers Compliance:

≥ 6

Stock Health:

Current
Health:

≥ 6

Future Health:

≥ 6


RECOMMENDATIONS

RETAILERS & SUPPLY CHAIN
  • Start or join an existing fishery improvement project to address sustainability issues in this fishery. For advice on starting a FIP, see SFP’s Seafood Industry Guide to FIPs at http://www.sustainablefish.org/publications/2014/04/30/the-seafood-industry-guide-to-fips.
  • Communicate to fishery managers that there are sustainability issues in this fishery that may be affecting the sale of products, and request that they comprehensively evaluate and address such issues.

FIPS

No related FIPs

CERTIFICATIONS

No related MSC fisheries

Fisheries

Within FishSource, the term "fishery" is used to indicate each unique combination of a flag country with a fishing gear, operating within a particular management unit, upon a resource. That resource may have a known biological stock structure and/or may be assessed at another level for practical or jurisdictional reasons. A fishery is the finest scale of resolution captured in FishSource profiles, as it is generally the scale at which sustainability can most fairly and practically be evaluated.

ASSESSMENT UNIT MANAGEMENT UNIT FLAG COUNTRY FISHING GEAR
Western Central Atlantic Bahamas Bahamas Hand implements
Traps
Cuba Cuba Hand implements
Traps
Dominican Republic Dominican Republic Hand implements
Traps
Honduras Honduras Pots
Mexico Yucatan Peninsula Mexico Diving
Gillnets and entangling nets
Hand implements
Traps
Nicaragua Nicaragua Traps
United States United States Traps

Analysis

OVERVIEW

Last updated on 3 August 2018

Strengths
  • There have been improvements in knowledge about larval dispersal and populations connectivity.
  • There have been improvements at regional level, such as the establishment of recent working groups on Fisheries Data and Statistics and on Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated fishing.
  • Stocks in 2014 were considered in better condition. 
RECOMMENDATIONS
United States

Last updated on 7 August 2018

Recommendations to Retailers & Supply Chain
  • Start or join an existing fishery improvement project to address sustainability issues in this fishery. For advice on starting a FIP, see SFP’s Seafood Industry Guide to FIPs at http://www.sustainablefish.org/publications/2014/04/30/the-seafood-industry-guide-to-fips.
  • Communicate to fishery managers that there are sustainability issues in this fishery that may be affecting the sale of products, and request that they comprehensively evaluate and address such issues.

1.STOCK STATUS

STOCK ASSESSMENT

Last updated on 3 August 2018

The first meeting of the WECAFC Regional Fisheries Data and Statistics Working Group was held in May 2018 (FAO 2018).

CURRENT STATUS

Last updated on 3 August 2018

The first meeting of the OSPESCA/WECAFC/CRFM/CFMC Working Group on Caribbean Spiny Lobster, which was held in October 2014. The working group estimated in based on the best available information that the spiny lobster populations of in Anguilla, Antigua and Belize, Bahamas, Cuba, Mexico and Nicaragua are fully fished or stable; while stock status is unknown in Brazil, Caribbean Netherlands, Dominican Republic, France, honduras, Panama and United States. No local population is considered overfished (FAO 2015)

The 2nd meeting of the working group was scheduled for February 2018, but the meeting report is not publicly available yet .

2.MANAGEMENT QUALITY

COMPLIANCE

Last updated on 3 August 2018

The First meeting of the Regional Working Group on Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated fishing (RWG-IUU) was held in March 2017. It is a joint working group of the Western Central Atlantic Fishery Commission (WECAFC), the Caribbean Regional Fisheries Mechanism (CRFM), and Organization for Fisheries and Aquaculture of Central America (OSPESCA). This first meeting contributed to: 1) increasing awareness and understanding of the IUU fishing problem in the Caribbean region; and 2) increasing capacity for a more effective collaboration in preventing, deterring and eliminating IUU fishing in the Caribbean region. The meeting also finalized and agreed on a work plan for the 2017–2018 RWG-IUU period, which includes the development of a draft regional plan of action to combat IUU fishing (RPOA-IUU), however it is not publicly available yet (FAO 2018).

3.ENVIRONMENT AND BIODIVERSITY

FishSource Scores

Last updated on 3 August 2018

MANAGEMENT QUALITY

As calculated for 2018 data.

The score is ≥ 6.

Improvements at regional level are being implemented, such as the establishment of recent working groups on Fisheries Data and Statistics and on Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated fishing, in addition to the working group on the Caribbean Spiny Lobster fishery (FAO, 2018a,b)..

As calculated for 2011 data.

The score is ≥ 6.

Managers in most countries follow scientific advice of harvest levels if available (FAO, 2006)

As calculated for 2018 data.

The score is ≥ 6.

It is estimated that in the Wider Caribbean and Western Central Atlantic region, IUU fishing equates to 20–30 percent of the legitimate landings of fish. Improvements at regional level are being implemented, such as the establishment of recent working groups on Fisheries Data and Statistics and on Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated fishing (FAO, 2018a,b).

STOCK HEALTH:

As calculated for 2014 data.

The score is ≥ 6.

Fully fished or stable in Anguilla, Antigua and Belize, Bahamas, Cuba, Mexico and Nicaragua; unknown in Brazil, Caribbean Netherlands, Dominican Republic, France, honduras, Panama and United States. No local population is considered overfished (FAO, 2015).

As calculated for 2014 data.

The score is ≥ 6.

Fully fished or stable in Anguilla, Antigua and Belize, Bahamas, Cuba, Mexico and Nicaragua; unknown in Brazil, Caribbean Netherlands, Dominican Republic, France, Honduras, Panama and United States. No local population is considered overfished.

No data available for biomass
No data available for biomass
To see data for catch and tac, please view this site on a desktop.
No data available for fishing mortality
No data available for fishing mortality
No data available for recruitment
No data available for recruitment
To see data for management quality, please view this site on a desktop.
To see data for stock status, please view this site on a desktop.
DATA NOTES
  1. Total catches except for Brazilian catches, as stock from Brazil is considered to be not connected to the Caribbean metapopulation (FAO 2018).

Download Source Data

Registered users can download the original data file for calculating the scores after logging in. If you wish, you can Register now.

Fishery Improvement Projects (FIPs)

No related FIPs

Certifications

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)

No related MSC certifications

Sources

Credits

SFP is grateful to Comunidad y Biodiversidad, A.C. for contributing to the development of the Mexican fishery profile.

 
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  2. CEDRSSA, 2005. La pesca ilegal de langosta y caracol rosado en el estado de Quintana Roo: REPORTE. Centro de Estudios para el Desarrollo Rural Sustentable y la Soberanía Alimentaria (CEDRSSA). No. CEDRSSA/DSANR/IR/008/05. August 2005. 6 pp.http://www.cedrssa.gob.mx/includes/asp/download.asp?iddocumento=28&idurl=23
  3. CONAPESCA, 2005. Programa maestro del sistema producto de la pesqueria de langosta en Yucatán. Comisión Nacional de Acuacultura y Pesca (CONAPESCA). Yucatán, Mexico. 114 pp.http://www.conapesca.sagarpa.gob.mx/work/sites/cona/resources/PDFContent/5715/Programa_Maestro_Langosta_Yucatan.pdf
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  6. FAO/Western Central Atlantic Fishery Commission. Report on the FAO/DANIDA/CFRAMP/WECAFC Regional Workshops on the Assessment of the Caribbean Spiny Lobster (Panulirus argus). Belize City, Belize, 21 April-2 May 1997 and Merida, Yucatan, Mexico, 1-12 June 1998. FAO Fisheries Report. No. 619. Rome, FAO. 2001. 381p.ftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/006/x9186e/x9186e00.pdf
  7. FAO, 2006. Western Atlantic Central Fishery Commision. Report of the Fifth regional workshop on the assessment and management of the Caribbean spiny lobster. FAO Fisheries Report No. 826. 19–29 September 2006. Mérida, Yucatán, Mexico. 109 pp.ftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/010/a1518b/a1518b00.pdf
  8. García Rivas, M.C, Hernández, A., Domínguez, J., Fonseca, F., García, G., Guerrero, G., Gallegos, E. , Ley, K., Muñoz, G., Priego, R., Ríos, G., L., Rodríguez and Vega, A., 2009. Manejo pesquero en la Reserva de la Biosfera Banco, Chinchorro Quintana Roo, Ejemplo De Desarrollo Sustentable En Sistemas Insulares. In: Encuentro Nacional para la Conservación y Desarrollo Sustentable de las Islas de México, Junio 2009 2009 Ensenada B.C., México. 44 pp.http://www.ine.gob.mx/descargas/islas/53_pres.pdf
  9. Gittens L. and M. Haughton. A regional overview of Spiny lobster (Panulirus argus) resources in CARICOM / CARIFORUM Countries. 20p.http://www.caricom-fisheries.com/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=2Rg3zsjjELw%3D&tabid=85
  10. INAPESCA, 2010. Carta Nacional Pesquera 2010. INAPESCA. December 2010. 319 pp.http://www.inapesca.gob.mx/portal/documentos/cartaNacionalPesquera2010.pdf
  11. Muller, R.G., Sharp, W.C., Matthews, T.R., Bertelsen, R., Hunt, J.H. 2000. The 2000 update of the stock assessment for spiny lobster, Panulirus argus, in the Florida Keys, Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Florida Marine Research Institute, 20 p.http://www.sefsc.noaa.gov/sedar/download/2000%20spiny_lobster%20stock%20assessment.pdf?id=DOCUMENT
  12. Saul, S. 2004. A Review of the Literature and Life History Study of the Caribbean Spiny Lobster, Panulirus argus. National Marine Fisheries Service, Southeast Fisheries Science Center, Sustainable Fisheries Division, Caribbean Southeast Data Assessment Review Workshop Report SEDAR-DW-05, Sustainable Fisheries Division Contribution No. SFD-2004-048, Preliminary Draft, 13 p.http://www.sefsc.noaa.gov/sedar/download/S8DW_05.pdf?id=DOCUMENT
  13. Secretaria de Medio Ambiente, Recursos Naturales y Pesca, 1998. Resolucion por la que se modifica la Norma Oficial Mexicana 006-PESC-1993, para regular el aprovechamiento de todas las especies de langosta en las aguas de Jurisdiccion Federal del Golfo de Mexico y Mar Caribe, asi como del oceano Pacifico incluyendo el Golfo de California. Diario Oficial, August 11, 1998. 2 pp.http://www.conapesca.sagarpa.gob.mx/work/sites/cona/resources/LocalContent/8739/6/006pesc1993LANGOSTARESOLUCION98.pdf
  14. Seafood Watch. 2005. Seafood Report Caribbean Spiny Lobster (Panulirus argus): United States, Brazil, Bahamas. Monterey Bay Aquariumhttp://www.seachoice.org/files/assessment/report/103/MBA_SeafoodWatch_CarribbeanSpinyLobsterReport.pdf
  15. Silberman, J.D., Sarver, S.K., Walsh, P. J. 1994. Mitochondrial DNA variation and population structure in the spiny lobster Panulirus argus. Marine Biology, 120(4): 601-608.http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2FBF00350081?LI=true
  16. South Atlantic Fishery Management Council (SAFMC), 2010. Stock assessment of spiny lobster, Panulirus argus, in the Southeast United States, SEDAR 8 Update Assessment Workshop Report, 122 p.http://www.safmc.net/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=VrXWrSxzWrw%3D&tabid=663
  17. Valle‐Esquivel, M., Adlerstein‐González, S., 2013. Surveillance Visit Report for Sian Ka’an and Banco Chinchorro Biosphere Reserves Spiny Lobster Fishery. MRAG Americas, Inc., November 2013. 50pphttp://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/fisheries-in-the-program/certified/western-central-atlantic/sian_kaan_banco_chinchorro_biosphere_reserves_spiny_lobster/assessment-downloads-1/20140519_SR_LOB106.pdf
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References

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