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Profile updated on 13 March 2020
Black stone crab, Stone Crab
Florida stone crab
Black stone crab catch is primarily composed of Menippe mercenaria, but in the northern Gulf of Mexico, it can include the morphologically different Gulf stone crab M. adina and hybrids of these two related species (Gandy et al. 2018). They are closely related, readily interbreed, and are managed as one species by the fishing industry. Florida Fish and Wildlife Commission (FWC) manages this fishery including both sides: US Atlantic and the Gulf of Mexico. Although the majority part of the landings (98%) are reported on the Gulf side of the state (NOAA 2020). The season for commercial and recreational stone crab harvest is from October 15 to May 15 (NOAA 2019). A stock is considered to exist in Florida and a stock assessment is conducted (FWRI, 2010; FFWCC, 2011).