Profile updated on 13 July 2019

SUMMARY

SUMMARY

IDENTIFICATION

SCIENTIFIC NAME(s)

Sprattus sprattus

SPECIES NAME(s)

European sprat

COMMON NAMES

Sprat

Previous attempts to identify different populations of European sprat during the 1980-1990s were unsuccessful (Nielsen 1994). Gulf of Lyon and the Adriatic Sea populations have the “biggest genetic distance” within the Mediterranean and any population differentiation was found between the Baltic Sea, the North Sea and the Bay of Biscay (Debes et al. 2008). Genetic analysis showed a clear genetic distinction from the NE Atlantic Ocean and the Baltic Sea and a high differentiation of the Adriatic Sea population from all northern samples (Limborg et al. 2012). More recently, a “complex population structure is considered across the species’ distribution” (Limborg et al. 2012). Nevertheless ICES recommends further studies to clarify this structure (e.g. apparent overlap between North Sea and English Channel spratts). This propfile considers only Baltic sprat in subdivisions 22-32.   


ANALYSIS

Strengths
  • An EU multiannual plan (MAP) for the stocks of cod, herring and sprat in the Baltic Sea was established in 2016. ICES advice is based on this MAP and is considered precautionary.

FISHSOURCE SCORES

Management Quality:

Management Strategy:

≥ 8

Managers Compliance:

9.9

Fishers Compliance:

9.8