Profile updated on 21 July 2020
Araucanian herring, Chilean herring, sardine, sardina común (Spanish)
(Oliva 2013) studied the parasite fauna in Araucanian herring and found evidence for the existence of two stocks, in central and southern Chile. But according to morphometry and shape of sagittal otoliths (Curin-Osorio et al. 2012) and genetic studies (Galleguillos et al. 1997) high genetic homogeneity exists along the Chilean coast. Even if more research is recommended this unique population is defended as an assessment unit by the Fisheries Development Institute (Instituto de Fomento Pesquero, IFOP) to perform stock assessments and develop management measures in central-southern Chile (IFOP, 2013b). The majority of catches is used for fishmeal being only 1% of the catch limit for human consumption (MEFT 2017). Araucanian herring constitutes a mixed fishery with the southern anchoveta fishery unit, which extends from the V to X Chilean regions (from Valparaíso to Los Lagos).