Last updated on 3 October 2016

SUMMARY

SUMMARY

IDENTIFICATION

SCIENTIFIC NAME(s)

Pleuronectes platessa

SPECIES NAME(s)

European plaice

It has been recently determined; based on larval drift, otolith characteristics, genetics, and tagging studies; that plaice in the North Sea and Skagerrak conforms a single stock, and a combined assessment and advice was conducted in 2015 (ICES, 2015a,b).


ANALYSIS

Strengths
  • A precautionary plaice and sole management plan is in operation; goal of stage one (recovery plan) is achieved. The plaice spawning stock is at a historical high and increasing further.
  • Mixed fisheries advice takes into consideration the status of other North Sea species.
  • Uncertainty in the assessment has been resolved.
Weaknesses
  • Bottom trawls, with high bycatch rates and impacts on the sea bed, dominate catches.
  • Rules of the second stage of the management plan are not yet defined. Changes in management measures have contributed to increased discarding of undersized plaice in the southern North Sea.

FISHSOURCE SCORES

Management Quality:

Management Strategy:

≥ 6 to ≥ 8

Managers Compliance:

8.6 to 10

Fishers Compliance:

9.1 to 10

Stock Health:

Current
Health:

< 6 to 10

Future Health:

< 6 to 8.9


RECOMMENDATIONS

CATCHERS & REGULATORS
  • Please provide links to publicly available information on this fishery via the “Feedback” tab.
  • To apply to develop content for this profile register and log in and follow the links to “contribute to” / “edit this profile”. If you need more information, please use the “Contact Us” button above, and reference the full name of this profile.
RETAILERS & SUPPLY CHAIN
  • This profile is not currently at the top of our priority list for update/development, and we can’t at this time provide an accurate prediction of when it will be developed. To speed up an evaluation of the sustainability status of non-prioritized fisheries we have initiated a program whereby industry can directly contract SFP-approved analysts to develop a FishSource profile on a fishery. More information on this External Contributor Program is available here.

FIPS

No related FIPs

CERTIFICATIONS

  • Cooperative Fishery Organisation (CVO) North Sea plaice and sole:

    MSC Certified

  • CVO pulse sole & plaice:

    Withdrawn

  • DFPO Denmark North Sea Plaice:

    MSC Certified

  • DFPO Denmark North Sea & Skagerrak hake and plaice:

    MSC Certified

  • Ekofish Group North Sea twin rigged otter trawl plaice:

    MSC Recertified

  • Osprey Trawlers North Sea twin-rigged plaice:

    MSC Recertified

  • SFSAG Northern Demersal Stocks:

    MSC Recertified

Fisheries

Within FishSource, the term "fishery" is used to indicate each unique combination of a flag country with a fishing gear, operating within a particular management unit, upon a resource. That resource may have a known biological stock structure and/or may be assessed at another level for practical or jurisdictional reasons. A fishery is the finest scale of resolution captured in FishSource profiles, as it is generally the scale at which sustainability can most fairly and practically be evaluated.

ASSESSMENT UNIT MANAGEMENT UNIT FLAG COUNTRY FISHING GEAR
North Sea and Skagerrak EU/Norway Denmark Danish seines
Gillnets and entangling nets
Scottish seines
Single boat bottom otter trawls
Trammel nets
Netherlands Bottom trawls
Scottish seines
Seine nets
Twin bottom otter trawls
Norway Beam trawls
Gillnets and entangling nets
Seine nets
Single boat bottom otter trawls
United Kingdom Beam trawls
Seine nets
Single boat bottom otter trawls
Twin bottom otter trawls

Analysis

OVERVIEW

Last updated on 27 August 2013

Strengths
  • A precautionary plaice and sole management plan is in operation; goal of stage one (recovery plan) is achieved. The plaice spawning stock is at a historical high and increasing further.
  • Mixed fisheries advice takes into consideration the status of other North Sea species.
  • Uncertainty in the assessment has been resolved.
Weaknesses
  • Bottom trawls, with high bycatch rates and impacts on the sea bed, dominate catches.
  • Rules of the second stage of the management plan are not yet defined. Changes in management measures have contributed to increased discarding of undersized plaice in the southern North Sea.
RECOMMENDATIONS

Last updated on 7 October 2016

Improvement Recommendations to Catchers & Regulators
  • Please provide links to publicly available information on this fishery via the “Feedback” tab.
  • To apply to develop content for this profile register and log in and follow the links to “contribute to” / “edit this profile”. If you need more information, please use the “Contact Us” button above, and reference the full name of this profile.
Recommendations to Retailers & Supply Chain
  • This profile is not currently at the top of our priority list for update/development, and we can’t at this time provide an accurate prediction of when it will be developed. To speed up an evaluation of the sustainability status of non-prioritized fisheries we have initiated a program whereby industry can directly contract SFP-approved analysts to develop a FishSource profile on a fishery. More information on this External Contributor Program is available here.
Denmark

Last updated on 31 August 2016

Improvement Recommendations to Catchers & Regulators

1. Work actively to address and close out conditions placed upon the certification of the fishery in the agreed timeframe.
2. Report achievements publicly to share progress with buyers.

Recommendations to Retailers & Supply Chain

1. Monitor the progress in closing out conditions placed upon the certification of the fishery and if agreed timelines are met.
2. Express your support to help meet conditions that may be at a government/regulatory level (where applicable).

Netherlands

Last updated on 31 August 2016

Improvement Recommendations to Catchers & Regulators

1. Monitor fishery and management system for any changes that could jeopardize MSC re-certification.

1. Work actively to address and close out conditions placed upon the certification of the fishery in the agreed timeframe.
2. Report achievements publicly to share progress with buyers.

Recommendations to Retailers & Supply Chain

1. Support the sustainability achievements of this fishery by sourcing this product, and ensure that the producers are aware that sustainability certification played a role in your decision to source this product.

1. Monitor the progress in closing out conditions placed upon the certification of the fishery and if agreed timelines are met.
2. Express your support to help meet conditions that may be at a government/regulatory level (where applicable).

Norway

Last updated on 7 October 2016

Improvement Recommendations to Catchers & Regulators

1. Start a fishery improvement project to address sustainability issues in this fishery. For advice on starting a FIP, see SFP’s Seafood Industry Guide to FIPs at http://www.sustainablefish.org/publications/2014/04/30/the-seafood-industry-guide-to-fips.
2. Communicate to fishery managers that there are sustainability issues in this fishery that may be affecting the sale of products, and request that they comprehensively evaluate and address such issues.

  • Start a fishery improvement project to address sustainability issues in this fishery. For advice on starting a FIP, see SFP's Seafood Industry Guide to FIPs.
  • Communicate to fishery managers that there are sustainability issues in this fishery that may be affecting the sale of products, and request that they comprehensively evaluate and address such issues.
Recommendations to Retailers & Supply Chain

1. Encourage your supply chain to start a fishery improvement project. For advice on starting a FIP see SFP’s Seafood Industry Guide to FIPs at http://www.sustainablefish.org/publications/2014/04/30/the-seafood-industry-guide-to-fips.
2. Work with other suppliers and buyers on a pre-competitive basis to start a supplier roundtable to review improvement needs in this and other similar fisheries, catalyze fishery improvement projects, and monitor progress in improvement efforts.

  • Encourage your supply chain to start a fishery improvement project. For advice on starting a FIP see SFP's Seafood Industry Guide to FIPs.
  • Work with other suppliers and buyers on a pre-competitive basis to start a supplier roundtable to review improvement needs in this and other similar fisheries, catalyze fishery improvement projects, and monitor progress in improvement efforts.
United Kingdom

Last updated on 31 August 2016

Improvement Recommendations to Catchers & Regulators

1. Monitor fishery and management system for any changes that could jeopardize MSC re-certification.

Recommendations to Retailers & Supply Chain

1. Support the sustainability achievements of this fishery by sourcing this product, and ensure that the producers are aware that sustainability certification played a role in your decision to source this product.

1.STOCK STATUS

No related analysis

2.MANAGEMENT QUALITY

No related analysis

3.ENVIRONMENT AND BIODIVERSITY

BYCATCH
ETP Species
Denmark

Last updated on 1 September 2009

Among other gear types, this fishery uses trammel nets and gillnets, both of which pose high risk to diving seabirds. PET birds known to be affected by gillnets and trammel nets in the North Sea include Red-throated Diver (Gavia stellata), listed in Annex I of the EU Birds Directive, and Velvet Scoter (Melaniita fusca), listed by IUCN as Endangered (EN). There is almost no quantitative data to assess the number of seabirds taken in this fishery.

Other Species
Denmark

Last updated on 1 September 2009

As two of its main gear types, this fishery uses trammel nets and gillnets, which are high risk to seabirds. Non-PET Birds known to be affected by gillnets and trammel nets in the North Sea include Common Guillemot, Great Cormorant, Red-breasted Merganser, Black Guillemot, Great-crested Grebe, Razorbill, and Common Scoter. Dabbling duck and occasional gull bycatch is also likely. The actual numbers of birds killed in this fishery is largely unknown due to low levels of monitoring. As a condition of MSC certification, by the first annual surveillance audit (2012) a seabird interaction monitoring system was to be implemented; this requirement was met. By the second annual audit (2013), the first data are to be analyzed and necessary actions implemented.

FishSource Scores

SELECT SCORES

MANAGEMENT QUALITY

Different components of this stock score differently at the fishery level. Please look at the individual fisheries using the selection drop down above.

As calculated for 2013 data.

The score is ≥ 8.

A multiannual and two-stage management plan is in place since 2007, for both sole and plaice fisheries in the North Sea, which according to the ICES evaluation is considered to be precautionary. The plan consists of two main stages: recovery plan during its first stage and a management plan during its second stage. According to ICES, the objectives of stage 1 are currently met. The implementation of the second stage is not yet defined, however (ICES, 2013a).

Different components of this stock score differently at the fishery level. Please look at the individual fisheries using the selection drop down above.

As calculated for 2013 data.

The score is 10.0.

This measures the Set TAC as a percentage of the Advised TAC.

The Set TAC is 97.1 ('000 t). The Advised TAC is 97.1 ('000 t) .

The underlying Set TAC/Advised TAC for this index is 100%.

Different components of this stock score differently at the fishery level. Please look at the individual fisheries using the selection drop down above.

As calculated for 2012 data.

The score is 10.0.

This measures the Landings as a percentage of the Set TAC.

The Landings is 73.8 ('000 t). The Set TAC is 84.4 ('000 t) .

The underlying Landings/Set TAC for this index is 87.5%.

STOCK HEALTH:

Different components of this stock score differently at the fishery level. Please look at the individual fisheries using the selection drop down above.

As calculated for 2013 data.

The score is 10.0.

This measures the SSB as a percentage of the MSY Btrigger.

The SSB is 663 ('000 t). The MSY Btrigger is 230 ('000 t) .

The underlying SSB/MSY Btrigger for this index is 288%.

Different components of this stock score differently at the fishery level. Please look at the individual fisheries using the selection drop down above.

As calculated for 2012 data.

The score is 8.9.

This measures the F as a percentage of the F management target.

The F is 0.232 (age-averaged). The F management target is 0.300 .

The underlying F/F management target for this index is 77.3%.

To see data for biomass, please view this site on a desktop.
To see data for catch and tac, please view this site on a desktop.
To see data for fishing mortality, please view this site on a desktop.
No data available for recruitment
No data available for recruitment
To see data for management quality, please view this site on a desktop.
To see data for stock status, please view this site on a desktop.
DATA NOTES
  1. Catches data in the scores datasheet refer to landings (do not include discards) and catch limits are Total Allowable Landings (TALs).
  2. ICES has evaluated the management plan and found it to be precautionary. A qualitative score has thus been assigned to Score #1.
  3. Advised TALs follow the first stage of the EU management plan, as rules for the second stage are not yet defined.

Download Source Data

Registered users can download the original data file for calculating the scores after logging in. If you wish, you can Register now.

Fishery Improvement Projects (FIPs)

No related FIPs

Certifications

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)

SELECT MSC

NAME

Cooperative Fishery Organisation (CVO) North Sea plaice and sole

STATUS

MSC Certified on 20 December 2012

SCORES

Principle Level Scores:

Plaice and Sole (Sole has no units of cerfitication for Flyshoot)

Principle Score Twin rig 80 Score Twin rig 100 Score Twin rig 120 Score Out rig 80 Score Out rig 100 Score Out rig 120 Score Flyshoot 80 Score Flyshoot 100 Score Flyshoot 120
Principle 1 – Target Species 86.3 86.3 86.3 86.3 86.3 86.3 86.3 86.3 86.3
Principle 2 - Ecosystem 80.0 80.0 80.3 80.0 80.7 80.7 77.7 80.0 80.0
Principle 3 – Management System 87.4 87.4 87.4 87.4 87.4 87.4 87.4 87.4 87.4

Certification Type: Silver

Sources

Credits
  1. Andrews, J., Cappell, R., Millner, R., 2015. Ekofish Group – North Sea (ICES IVb) twin rigged otter trawl plaice fishery. 5 th Annual Surveillance Report. Intertek Fisheries Certification (IFC). July 2015. 67pphttps://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/fisheries-in-the-program/certified/north-east-atlantic/Ekofish-Group-North-Sea-twin-rigged-otter-trawl-plaice/assessment-downloads-1/20150709_SR_PLA042.pdf
  2. Andrews, J, Cappell, R., and R. Millner, 2015. 2nd Annual Surveillance Report Prepared for Cooperative Fishery Organisation (CVO). Intertek Fisheries Certification (IFC), June 2015. 45pphttps://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/fisheries-in-the-program/certified/north-east-atlantic/cooperative-fishery-organisation-cvo-north-sea-plaice-and-sole/assessment-downloads-1/82111_CVO_Surveillance_Report_2015_Final_060615.pdf
  3. Cappell, R., Pawson, M., Millner, R. 2012. Surveillance Report Osprey Trawlers North Sea ICES IVb twin-rigged plaice Fishery. Intertek Moody Marine, September 2012. 24pp.http://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/certified/north-east-atlantic/Osprey-Trawlers-North-Sea-twin-rigged-plaice/assessment-downloads-1/20121022_SR_PLA146.pdf
  4. Cappell, R., Millner, R., Pawson, M. and Combes, J. 2012. MSC Assessment Report for Dutch North Sea Plaice and Sole Fishery. Version: 5 Public Certification Report. Intertek Moody, December 2012. 340pp.http://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/fisheries-in-the-program/in-assessment/north-east-atlantic/cooperative-fishery-organisation-cvo-north-sea-plaice-and-sole/assessment-downloads-1/20121219_PCR_PLA193.pdf
  5. Cappell, R. , Pawson, M., Millner, R., 2013. CVO North Sea Plaice and Sole Fishery – Annual Surveillance Report. Intertek Moody Marine, November 2013. 36pp http://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/fisheries-in-the-program/certified/north-east-atlantic/cooperative-fishery-organisation-cvo-north-sea-plaice-and-sole/assessment-downloads-1/20131211_SR_PLA193.pdf
  6. Cappell, R., Pawson, M., Millner, R., 2013. Surveillance Report Osprey Trawlers North Sea ICES IVb twin-rigged plaice Fishery. Intertek Moody Marine, September 2013, 25pp.http://www.fishsource.com/fishery/sources?fishery=European+plaice+-+North+Sea+%28Country%3A+GB%3B+Gear%3A+OTT%3B+MSC-Client%3A+OTG%3B+MSC-Status%3A+MSC+Certified%3B%29
  7. Cappell, R., Fox, C., Nichols, J. (2012). Surveillance Report Ekofish group - North Sea (ICES IVb) twin rigged otter trawl plaice Fishery. Intertek Moody Marine 28-29 May 2012, 42pp.http://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/certified/north-east-atlantic/Ekofish-Group-North-Sea-twin-rigged-otter-trawl-plaice/assessment-downloads-1/20120703_SR.pdf
  8. Cappell, R., Pawson, M., Millner, R. 2013. Surveillance Report - Ekofish group - North Sea (ICES IVb) twin rigged otter trawl plaice Fishery. Intertek Moody Marine, July 2013. 35pphttp://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/fisheries-in-the-program/certified/north-east-atlantic/Ekofish-Group-North-Sea-twin-rigged-otter-trawl-plaice/assessment-downloads-1/20130806_SR_PLA042.pdf
  9. Combes, J., Cappell, R., Nichols, J., Fox, C. and Keus, B., 2010. Surveillance Report for the Ekofish group - North Sea (ICES IVb) twin rigged otter trawl plaice fishery. Moody Marine Ltd. April 2010. 66 pp.http://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/certified/north-east-atlantic/Ekofish-Group-North-Sea-twin-rigged-otter-trawl-plaice/assessment-downloads-1/03.06.2010%20Ekofish%20plaice%201st%20surveillance%20report.pdf
  10. EC, 2011. Council Regulation (EC) No 57/2011 of 18 January 2011, fixing for 2011 the fishing opportunities for certain fish stocks and groups of fish stocks, applicable in EU waters and, for EU vessels, in certain non-EU waters.http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2011:024:0001:0125:EN:PDF
  11. European Council (EC), 2007. Council Regulation (EC) No 676/2007 of 11 June 2007 establishing a multiannual plan for fisheries exploiting stocks of plaice and sole in the North Sea.http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2007:157:0001:0006:EN:PDF
  12. Food Certification International (FCI), 2013. On-Site Surveillance Visit - Report for DFPO Denmark North Sea Plaice Fishery. 2nd Annual Surveillance. September 2013. 51pphttp://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/fisheries-in-the-program/certified/north-east-atlantic/Denmark-North-Sea-plaice/assessment-downloads-1/18.01.2011-Final_Report-DanNSP.pdf
  13. Food Certification International (FCI), 2014.On-Site Surveillance Visit - Report for DFPO Denmark North Sea Plaice Fishery. 3rd Annual Surveillance, August 2014. 50pphttp://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/fisheries-in-the-program/certified/north-east-atlantic/Denmark-North-Sea-plaice/assessment-downloads-1/20140918_SR_v3_PLA141.pdf
  14. ICES Advisory Committee on Fishery Management, 2004. Report of the Working Group on the Assessment of Demersal Stocks in the North Sea and Skagerrak (ICES CM 2004/ACFM:07), 9–18 September 2003, Boulogne-sur-Mer, France. http://www.ices.dk/products/CMdocs/2004/ACFM/ACFM0704.pdf
  15. ICES. 2009. ICES Advice 2009, Book 6-6.4.7 Plaice in Subarea IV (North Sea)http://www.ices.dk/committe/acom/comwork/report/2009/2009/ple-nsea.pdf
  16. ICES, 2010a. Report of the ICES Advisory Committee. Book 6: North Sea. 6.4.7: Plaice in Subarea IV (North Sea).http://www.ices.dk/committe/acom/comwork/report/2010/2010/ple-nsea.pdf
  17. ICES, 2010b. Report of the Working Group on the Assessment of Demersal Stocks in the North Sea and Skagerrak (WGNSSK). 5-11 May 2010, ICES Headquarters, Copenhagen, (ICES CM 2010/ACOM:13).http://www.ices.dk/reports/ACOM/2010/WGNSSK/WGNSSK%202010.pdf
  18. ICES, 2011a. Report of the ICES Advisory Committee. Book 6: North Sea. 6.4.7 Plaice in Subarea IV (North Sea). 11 pp.http://www.ices.dk/committe/acom/comwork/report/2011/2011/ple-nsea.pdf
  19. ICES, 2012. Report of the ICES Advisory Committee, 2012. Book 6: The North Sea. 6.4.7: Plaice in Subarea IV (North Sea).http://www.ices.dk/committe/acom/comwork/report/2012/2012/ple-nsea.pdf
  20. ICES, 2015a. Report of the Benchmark Workshop on Plaice (WKPLE), 23–27 February 2015, ICES Headquarters, Copenhagen, Denmark. ICES CM 2015\ACOM:33. 200 pp. http://www.ices.dk/sites/pub/Publication%20Reports/Expert%20Group%20Report/acom/2015/WKPLE/WKPLE2015.pdf
  21. ICES, 2015b. Report of the ICES Advisory Committee, 2015. ICES Advice 2015, Book 6, Section 6.3.31: Plaice (Pleuronectes platessa) in Subarea IV (North Sea) and Division IIIa (Skagerrak). 13 pp. http://www.ices.dk/sites/pub/Publication%20Reports/Advice/2015/2015/ple-nsea.pdf
  22. Millner, R., C. Fox, R. Cappell and J. Combes, 2010. Marine Stewardship Council Assessment Report for Osprey Trawlers North Sea ICES IVB twin rigged plaice fishery. Client: Osprey Trawler Services Ltd. Version: 5 Public Certification Report. Moody Marine Ltd. Ref: 82116/v5. http://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/certified/north-east-atlantic/Osprey-Trawlers-North-Sea-twin-rigged-plaice/assessment-downloads-1/20.09.2010-osprey-trawlers-public-certification-report-sept-2010.pdf
  23. Nichols, J., C. Fox, B. Keus, J. Combes, A. Hough, 2009. Marine Stewardship Council Public Certification Report for Ekofish Group – North Sea (ICES IVB) Twin Rigged Otter Trawl Plaice Fishery. Moody Marine Ltd. Ref: 82065 v5.http://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/certified/north-east-atlantic/Ekofish-Group-North-Sea-twin-rigged-otter-trawl-plaice/assessment-downloads-1/2009-06-04-Ekofish-North-Sea-Plaice-Public.pdf
  24. Southall, T., P. Medley, N. Pfeiffer, S. Sverdrup-Jensen, A. Hervás, M. Gill, 2011. Marine Stewardship Council Sustainable Fisheries Certification: The Denmark North Sea Plaice Fishery Final Report. Food Certification International Ltd.http://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/fisheries-in-the-program/certified/north-east-atlantic/Denmark-North-Sea-plaice/assessment-downloads-1/18.01.2011-Final_Report-DanNSP.pdf
References

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    European plaice - North Sea and Skagerrak

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