Last updated on 30 June 2017

SUMMARY

SUMMARY

IDENTIFICATION

SCIENTIFIC NAME(s)

Oncorhynchus gorbuscha

SPECIES NAME(s)

Pink salmon

COMMON NAMES

humpy, humpback salmon


ANALYSIS

Strengths

1. There is little hatchery production of pink salmon in British Columbia fisheries, with enhancement of pink salmon only occurring in the Inner South Coast fishery. 2. The British Columbia fishery has taken initial steps toward Wild Salmon Policy implementation through the compiling of data for Northern and Central Coast pink salmon stocks for use in Conservation Unit benchmarking.

Weaknesses

1. Particular pink salmon stocks dispersed throughout British Columbia are hovering at or below their limit reference points, and overall returns have been highly variable. Environmental conditions beyond the control of managers may be the primary cause of these problems. 2. Multi-year responsiveness to stock status issues has been slowed by the absence of official recovery plans for depleted stocks, and there is no evidence of progress toward recovery plans for pink salmon. 3. Habitat assessments mandated by the Wild Salmon Policy have not been accomplished. 4. There are compliance concerns with respect to the North and Central Coast fishery and reporting of steelhead salmon bycatch, as well as use of revival boxes.

FISHSOURCE SCORES

Management Quality:

Management Strategy:

≥ 6 to ≥ 8

Managers Compliance:

< 6 to ≥ 6

Fishers Compliance:

≥ 6 to ≥ 8

Stock Health:

Current
Health:

< 6 to ≥ 8

Future Health:

≥ 8 to 10


FIPS

No related FIPs

CERTIFICATIONS

  • British Columbia pink salmon:

    MSC Certified

Fisheries

Within FishSource, the term "fishery" is used to indicate each unique combination of a flag country with a fishing gear, operating within a particular management unit, upon a resource. That resource may have a known biological stock structure and/or may be assessed at another level for practical or jurisdictional reasons. A fishery is the finest scale of resolution captured in FishSource profiles, as it is generally the scale at which sustainability can most fairly and practically be evaluated.

DISTRICT MANAGEMENT UNIT FLAG COUNTRY FISHING GEAR
Fraser River Canada Canada Barriers, fences, weirs, etc
Beach seines
Drift gillnets
Purse seines
Set gillnets (anchored)
Trolling lines
Inner South Coast Canada Canada Barriers, fences, weirs, etc
Beach seines
Drift gillnets
Purse seines
Set gillnets (anchored)
Trolling lines
North-Central Coast and Haida Gwaii Canada Canada Barriers, fences, weirs, etc
Beach seines
Drift gillnets
Purse seines
Set gillnets (anchored)
Trolling lines
West Coast Vancouver Island Canada Canada Barriers, fences, weirs, etc
Beach seines
Drift gillnets
Purse seines
Set gillnets (anchored)
Trolling lines

Analysis

OVERVIEW

Last updated on 10 August 2011

Strengths

1. There is little hatchery production of pink salmon in British Columbia fisheries, with enhancement of pink salmon only occurring in the Inner South Coast fishery. 2. The British Columbia fishery has taken initial steps toward Wild Salmon Policy implementation through the compiling of data for Northern and Central Coast pink salmon stocks for use in Conservation Unit benchmarking.

Weaknesses

1. Particular pink salmon stocks dispersed throughout British Columbia are hovering at or below their limit reference points, and overall returns have been highly variable. Environmental conditions beyond the control of managers may be the primary cause of these problems. 2. Multi-year responsiveness to stock status issues has been slowed by the absence of official recovery plans for depleted stocks, and there is no evidence of progress toward recovery plans for pink salmon. 3. Habitat assessments mandated by the Wild Salmon Policy have not been accomplished. 4. There are compliance concerns with respect to the North and Central Coast fishery and reporting of steelhead salmon bycatch, as well as use of revival boxes.

1.STOCK STATUS

No related analysis

2.MANAGEMENT QUALITY

No related analysis

3.ENVIRONMENT AND BIODIVERSITY

BYCATCH
ETP Species

Last updated on 11 October 2012

PET species that occur in the area of this fishery include Yellow-billed Loon (Gavia adamsii), Marbeled Murrelet (Brachyramphus marmorata), Kittlitz’s Murrelet (Brachyramphus brevirostris), Xantus’s Murrelet (Synthliboramphus hypoleucus), and Red-legged Kittiwake (Rissa brevisrostris).
This fishery operates in an almost complete vacuum of information about seabird bycatch. Although bycatch logbooks are mandatory, there is very little independent observation on-board of bycatch, and almost no information from any other source or research. Although the fishery does not have a reputation for having significant seabird bycatch, this information is mostly from anecdotal sources. Because the fishery uses gillnets, which are high risk to diving seabirds such as alcids (including the murrelets), direct and qualitative information is necessary to assure that the fishery is actually low risk to seabirds.

FishSource Scores

SELECT SCORES

MANAGEMENT QUALITY

Click on the score to see subscores

Different components of this salmon region score differently at the fishery level. Please look at the individual fisheries using the selection drop down above.

As calculated for 2012 data.

The score is ≥ 6.

The system needs to transition from use of Management Escapement Goals (MEGs) to limit and target reference points. The MEGs are viewed as fairly well-based, but full scientific consensus does not yet exist. Per conditions 1-4 and 1-5 of the MSC assessment, Department of Fisheries and Oceans (DFO) Canada will carry out the work entailed in the Wild Salmon Policy developing management reference points for all salmon Conservation Units (Moody Marine Limited, 2011).

Click on the score to see subscores

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Management Responsiveness Subscores

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Adequacy of Data Subscores

STOCK HEALTH:

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Click on the score to see subscores

×

Stock Status Subscores

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Hatchery Impacts Subscores

Choose Stock:
To see data for catch and tac, please view this site on a desktop.
No data available for hatchery releases
No data available for hatchery releases
No data available for escapement
No data available for escapement
To see data for management quality, please view this site on a desktop.
To see data for stock status, please view this site on a desktop.
To see data for hatchery impacts, please view this site on a desktop.
DATA NOTES

Regional profile scores reflect the lowest scores of the district profiles in the region for each of the five FishSource scoring criteria; however, please note that due to ongoing closure of the fishery, the West Coast of Vancouver Island scores have not been factored into regional scores for British Columbia pink salmon. 

District profiles are scored according to the complete FishSource salmon scoring method, which can be downloaded here. A summary of the method’s scoring criteria for district profiles follows below.

The FishSource sustainability criteria as applied to salmon: Criterion 1. Management Responsiveness (Is the management strategy precautionary?) 1.1 Over the last decade, has fisheries management exhibited in-season responsiveness to stock status? 1.2 Has fisheries management responded appropriately over the last 15 years when/if the stock has failed to meet management objectives and/or maintain yields? 1.3 Has management exhibited responsiveness to concerns regarding the conservation and restoration of the stock’s essential freshwater, estuarine and coastal habitats during the last ten years? Criterion 2. Management Guidelines (Do the managers follow scientific advice?) Have appropriate escapement goals or operational equivalents been developed and implemented for the fishery’s wild stocks? Criterion 3. Adequacy of Data (Do fishers comply?) 3.1 Is a portion of harvest attributable to illegal, unreported, or unregulated fishing, resulting in official harvest data that is lower than the actual catch? 3.2 Is the fishery’s harvest adequately and accurately measured and reported? 3.3 Has escapement been adequately and accurately measured and publicly reported? Criterion 4. Stock Status (Is the fish stock healthy?) 4.1 Have escapement measures for the fishery’s wild stocks been maintained above escapement goals or thresholds, or have harvest rates been below the target harvest rates? 4.2 Has the catch trend been level or increasing over a 15-year period? Criterion 5. Are hatcheries or other enhancement activities negatively affecting wild stocks? (Will the fish stock be healthy in the future?) 5.0 Do hatcheries account for 10% or less of the fishery’s total production, or are hatchery-produced fish not in substantial contact with wild salmon? If “no,” then the following sub-criteria are analyzed: 5.1 Are managers able to manage for the (wild) stocks in a fishery that also contains hatchery stocks of salmon? 5.2 Is there a low quantity of hatchery strays in the escapement throughout the freshwater habitat of the wild stock, and is hatchery straying quantified by means of a technically sound data collection and analysis? 5.3 Over the past 10 years, have hatchery strays, hatchery out-plants, or any returning hatchery-produced fish been intentionally allowed to mix with the wild stock during spawning? 5.4 Are there active and effective policies that (1) establish objectives for the conservation of wild salmon, (2) put into place operational systems that limit hatchery impacts on wild stocks, (3) grant sufficient oversight and authority over individual hatchery programs to management agencies, and (4) establish a hatchery evaluation system that monitors the performance of individual hatcheries against wild salmon conservation objectives?

Download Source Data

Registered users can download the original data file for calculating the scores after logging in. If you wish, you can Register now.

Fishery Improvement Projects (FIPs)

No related FIPs

Certifications

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)

SELECT MSC

NAME

British Columbia pink salmon

STATUS

MSC Certified on 28 July 2011

SCORES

This fishery was MSC Certified in July 2011.

Principle Level Scores:

Principle North Central Coast Pink Salmon Score
Principle 1 – Target Species 80.0
Principle 2 - Ecosystem 81.0
Principle 3 – Management System 87.0

Principle Level Scores:

Principle Inner South Coast Pink Salmon Score
Principle 1 – Target Species 80.0
Principle 2 - Ecosystem 85.0
Principle 3 – Management System 91.0

Principle Level Scores:

Principle Fraser Pink Salmon Score
Principle 1 – Target Species 81.0
Principle 2 - Ecosystem 83.0
Principle 3 – Management System 90.0

Certification Type: Bronze

Sources

Credits
  1. Department of FIsheries and Oceans Canada. 2011. "Preliminary Summary Commercial Statistics 1996-2011."http://www.pac.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/stats/comm/summ-somm/index-eng.html
  2. English, K., Schmidt, D., Ruggerone, G., Devitt, S. 2012. Surveillance Report British Columbia Commercial Pink Salmon Fisheries. Intertek Moody Marine, September 2012. 78 pp.http://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/changes-to-our-fisheries-pages/certified/pacific/british-columbia-pink-and-chum-salmon-fisheries/assessment-downloads-1/20120920_SR_SAL18.pdf
  3. English, K., Ruggerone, G., Seeb, J., Devitt, S., 2014. Second Annual Surveillance Report British Columbia Commercial Pink Salmon Fisheries. Intertek Moody Marine, January 2014. 245pphttp://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/fisheries-in-the-program/certified/pacific/british-columbia-pink-and-chum-salmon-fisheries/assessment-downloads-1/20140203_SR_SAL18.pdf
  4. Labelle, Marc. 2009 "Status of Pacific Salmon Resources in Southern British Columbia and the Fraser River basin." Pacific Fisheries Resource Conservation Council. Vancouver, B.C.http://www.fish.bc.ca/files/South%20Coast%20Salmon%20Report%20Labelle.pdf
  5. Moody Marine Limited. "British Columbia Pink Salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha) Seine, Troll and Gillnet Fishery: Public Certification Report." Intertek/Moody International: 2011.http://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/certified/pacific/british-columbia-pink-and-chum-salmon-fisheries/assessment-downloads-1/82506_BC_Pink_Salmon_PCR_072511.pdf
  6. NPAFC. "North Pacific Anadromous Fish Commission Statistical Yearbook. 1993-2009."http://www.npafc.org/new/pub_statistics.html
References

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