Summary

IDENTIFICATION

SCIENTIFIC NAME

Pseudopleuronectes americanus

SPECIES NAME(S)

Winter flounder


ANALYSIS

No related analysis

SCORES

Management Quality:

Management Strategy:

9.4

Managers Compliance:

< 6

Fishers Compliance:

≥ 6

Stock Health:

Current
Health:

2.5

Future Health:

10


RECOMMENDATIONS

CATCHERS & REGULATORS

1. Start a fishery improvement project to address sustainability issues in this fishery. For advice on starting a FIP, see SFP’s Seafood Industry Guide to FIPs at http://www.sustainablefish.org/publications/2014/04/30/the-seafood-industry-guide-to-fips.
2. Communicate to fishery managers that there are sustainability issues in this fishery that may be affecting the sale of products, and request that they comprehensively evaluate and address such issues.

RETAILERS & SUPPLY CHAIN

1. Encourage your supply chain to start a fishery improvement project. For advice on starting a FIP see SFP’s Seafood Industry Guide to FIPs at http://www.sustainablefish.org/publications/2014/04/30/the-seafood-industry-guide-to-fips.
2. Work with other suppliers and buyers on a pre-competitive basis to start a supplier roundtable to review improvement needs in this and other similar fisheries, catalyze fishery improvement projects, and monitor progress in improvement efforts.


FIPS

No related FIPs

CERTIFICATIONS

No related MSC fisheries

Fisheries

Within FishSource, the term "fishery" is used to indicate each unique combination of a flag country with a fishing gear, operating within a particular management unit, upon a resource. That resource may have a known biological stock structure and/or may be assessed at another level for practical or jurisdictional reasons. A fishery is the finest scale of resolution captured in FishSource profiles, as it is generally the scale at which sustainability can most fairly and practically be evaluated.

ASSESSMENT UNIT MANAGEMENT UNIT FLAG COUNTRY FISHING GEAR
NW Atlantic Central Southern New England/Mid Atlantic United States Bottom trawls

Analysis

OVERVIEW

RECOMMENDATIONS

Last updated on 28 June 2016

Improvement Recommendations to Catchers & Regulators

1. Start a fishery improvement project to address sustainability issues in this fishery. For advice on starting a FIP, see SFP’s Seafood Industry Guide to FIPs at http://www.sustainablefish.org/publications/2014/04/30/the-seafood-industry-guide-to-fips.
2. Communicate to fishery managers that there are sustainability issues in this fishery that may be affecting the sale of products, and request that they comprehensively evaluate and address such issues.

Recommendations to Retailers & Supply Chain

1. Encourage your supply chain to start a fishery improvement project. For advice on starting a FIP see SFP’s Seafood Industry Guide to FIPs at http://www.sustainablefish.org/publications/2014/04/30/the-seafood-industry-guide-to-fips.
2. Work with other suppliers and buyers on a pre-competitive basis to start a supplier roundtable to review improvement needs in this and other similar fisheries, catalyze fishery improvement projects, and monitor progress in improvement efforts.

1.STOCK STATUS

STOCK ASSESSMENT
United States
Bottom trawls

Last updated on 31 December 2012

Model shows a severe retrospective pattern and over-estimates biomass and under-estimates F in the current year (NMFS, 2011).

SCIENTIFIC ADVICE
United States
Bottom trawls

Last updated on 31 December 2012

Recent changes to the model have shown stock to be in poorer health then previously thought(NMFS, 2011).

REFERENCE POINTS
United States
Bottom trawls

Last updated on 31 December 2012

Precautionary MSY based reference points are in place (NMFS, 2011).

CURRENT STATUS
United States
Bottom trawls

Last updated on 31 December 2012

Stock is in poor condition and experiencing low recruitment (NMFS, 2011).

TRENDS

2.MANAGEMENT QUALITY

MANAGERS' DECISIONS
United States
Bottom trawls

Last updated on 18 December 2012

Managers have recently started to follow scientific advice. prior to that managers set measures that were not consistent with stock rebuilding goals or sustainability. Managers often allow for more harvest for the recreational and commercial sectors in state waters (ASMFC)that scientifically justified given poor stock condition.

RECOVERY PLANS
United States
Bottom trawls

Last updated on 31 December 2012

A recovery plan is in place, but unlikely to be successful due to low recruitment and liberalizations in recreational and commercial state-only fisheries (NMFS, 2011).

COMPLIANCE
United States
Bottom trawls

Last updated on 18 December 2012

Harvesters generally comply. The recreational sector of this fishery has grown in importance as commercial harvest has declined.Regulations in the recreational fishery are sometimes not followed.

3.ENVIRONMENT AND BIODIVERSITY

FishSource Scores

SELECT SCORES

MANAGEMENT QUALITY

As calculated for 2010 data.

This measures the F as a percentage of the F management target.

The F is 0.0500 (age-averaged). The F management target is 0.310 .

The underlying F/F management target for this index is 16.1%.

As calculated for 2010 data.

The score is < 6.

Federal Managers have followed the scientific advice, But state (ASMFC) managers have not. Quotas are not used in this fishery.

As calculated for 2010 data.

The score is ≥ 6.

Commercial harvesters have followed regulations.

STOCK HEALTH:

As calculated for 2010 data.

This measures the SSB as a percentage of the Blim.

The SSB is 7.08 ('000 t). The Blim is 16.9 ('000 t) .

The underlying SSB/Blim for this index is 41.9%.

As calculated for 2010 data.

This measures the F as a percentage of the F management target.

The F is 0.0500 (age-averaged). The F management target is 0.310 .

The underlying F/F management target for this index is 16.1%.

HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSE RISK

High Medium Low

This indicates the potential risk of human rights abuses for all fisheries operating within this stock or assessment unit. If there are more than on risk level noted, individual fisheries have different levels. Click on the "Select Scores" drop-down list for your fisheries of interest.

No data available for recruitment
DATA NOTES
Notes
Fishery is in poor shape. Managers have instituted stringent measures including no possession in federal waters and reductions on bycatch from other fisheries. In state waters, a low trip limit is in place for bycatch allowances, and the recreational sector has been reduced.

Download Source Data

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Fishery Improvement Projects (FIPs)

No related FIPs

Certifications

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)

No related MSC certifications

Sources

Credits
  1. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), 2011. Assessment Report, 52nd Northeast Regional Stock Assessment Workshop (52nd SAW), U.S Department of Commerce, National Marine Fisheries Service, Northeast Fisheries Science Center, Massachusetts, 530 p.http://www.nefmc.org/tech/cte_mtg_docs/110914/GF%20Docs/7_PrePublication_Copy_SAW_52_Assess_Report_08092011-AOB-jw-b.pdf
References

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    Winter flounder - NW Atlantic Central

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