Profile updated on 31 January 2020

SUMMARY

SUMMARY

IDENTIFICATION

SCIENTIFIC NAME(s)

Octopodidae

SPECIES NAME(s)

Octopuses, etc. nei

COMMON NAMES

common octopus, Day octopus, Cyane's octopus, big blue octopus, baby octopus

This profile encompasses fisheries in the Philippines for a variety of octopus species, including common octopus (Octopus vulgaris), Day octopus (Octopus cyanea), baby octopus (Amphioctopus aegina), Cistopus indicus, Octopus aculeatus, Octopus nocturnus, Octopus ornatus, and Octopus luteus. There are 20 coastal species reported to exist in the country's waters, 17 in the genus Octopus, and one species each in the genera Amphioctopus, Hapalochlaena and Cistopus (Norman and Sweeney, M.J. 1997). Catches for 17 species are reported by Regional National Stock Assessment teams (WoRMs Editorial Board 2017). These two lists imperfectly match one another, with several species in one not included in the other. According to local stakeholders, O. vulgaris and A. aegina are the most abundant commercial species, but aegina is not exported to western markets.

There is as yet no consensus as to the stock structure of octopus spcies in the Indo-West Pacific region. Therefore, this profile may undergo restructuring in the future as new information comes to light.


ANALYSIS

Strengths
  • The Philippines updated its Fisheries Code in 2015 to address problems with IUU fishing, prominently raising fines for illegal fishing. The revisions prompted removal of Philippines from the European Union's "yellow card" list, which threatened Filipino seafood exports to the EU.
  • Vertical lines do not contact the ocean floor and are a fairly selective method of fishing.

FISHSOURCE SCORES

Management Quality:

Management Strategy:

< 6

Managers Compliance:

DATA DEFICIENT

Fishers Compliance:

≥ 6