Last updated on 30 June 2017

SUMMARY

SUMMARY

IDENTIFICATION

SCIENTIFIC NAME(s)

Hippoglossus stenolepis

SPECIES NAME(s)

Pacific halibut

 


ANALYSIS

Strengths

Spawning Biomass is above target levels. Managers have suspended management actions that were not conducive to conservation

Weaknesses

Harvest rates when bycatch included are too high. Exploitable biomass falling. Model over estimates biomass and underestimates mortality relative to the terminal year. As such stock is lower then what the scientific advice suggests.

FISHSOURCE SCORES

Management Quality:

Management Strategy:

10

Managers Compliance:

8.5

Fishers Compliance:

10

Stock Health:

Current
Health:

7.6

Future Health:

3.5


RECOMMENDATIONS

CATCHERS & REGULATORS

1. Start a fishery improvement project to address sustainability issues in this fishery. For advice on starting a FIP, see SFP’s Seafood Industry Guide to FIPs here.
2. Communicate to fishery managers that there are sustainability issues in this fishery that may be affecting the sale of products, and request that they comprehensively evaluate and address such issues.

1. Monitor fishery and management system for any changes that could jeopardize MSC re-certification.

RETAILERS & SUPPLY CHAIN

1. Encourage your supply chain to start a fishery improvement project. For advice on starting a FIP see SFP’s Seafood Industry Guide to FIPs here.
2. Work with other suppliers and buyers on a pre-competitive basis to start a supplier roundtable to review improvement needs in this and other similar fisheries, catalyze fishery improvement projects, and monitor progress in improvement efforts.

1. Support the sustainability achievements of this fishery by sourcing this product, and ensure that the producers are aware that sustainability certification played a role in your decision to source this product.


FIPS

No related FIPs

CERTIFICATIONS

  • Canada Pacific Halibut (British Columbia):

    MSC Recertified

Fisheries

Within FishSource, the term "fishery" is used to indicate each unique combination of a flag country with a fishing gear, operating within a particular management unit, upon a resource. That resource may have a known biological stock structure and/or may be assessed at another level for practical or jurisdictional reasons. A fishery is the finest scale of resolution captured in FishSource profiles, as it is generally the scale at which sustainability can most fairly and practically be evaluated.

ASSESSMENT UNIT MANAGEMENT UNIT FLAG COUNTRY FISHING GEAR
NE Pacific Alaska/IPHC Regulatory Areas 2C, 3A, 3B and 4A-E United States Bottom-set longlines
British Columbia/IPHC Regulatory Area 2B Canada Bottom-set longlines
US West Coast/IPHC Regulatory Area 2A United States Bottom-set longlines
Pole-lines hand operated
Vertical Lines

Analysis

OVERVIEW

Last updated on 10 July 2011

Strengths

Spawning Biomass is above target levels. Managers have suspended management actions that were not conducive to conservation

Weaknesses

Harvest rates when bycatch included are too high. Exploitable biomass falling. Model over estimates biomass and underestimates mortality relative to the terminal year. As such stock is lower then what the scientific advice suggests.

RECOMMENDATIONS

Last updated on 7 November 2016

Improvement Recommendations to Catchers & Regulators

1. Start a fishery improvement project to address sustainability issues in this fishery. For advice on starting a FIP, see SFP’s Seafood Industry Guide to FIPs here.
2. Communicate to fishery managers that there are sustainability issues in this fishery that may be affecting the sale of products, and request that they comprehensively evaluate and address such issues.

Recommendations to Retailers & Supply Chain

1. Encourage your supply chain to start a fishery improvement project. For advice on starting a FIP see SFP’s Seafood Industry Guide to FIPs here.
2. Work with other suppliers and buyers on a pre-competitive basis to start a supplier roundtable to review improvement needs in this and other similar fisheries, catalyze fishery improvement projects, and monitor progress in improvement efforts.

British Columbia/IPHC Regulatory Area 2B

Last updated on 11 July 2016

Improvement Recommendations to Catchers & Regulators

1. Monitor fishery and management system for any changes that could jeopardize MSC re-certification.

Recommendations to Retailers & Supply Chain

1. Support the sustainability achievements of this fishery by sourcing this product, and ensure that the producers are aware that sustainability certification played a role in your decision to source this product.

1.STOCK STATUS

STOCK ASSESSMENT

Last updated on 10 July 2011

Model has a persistent and moderate retrospective pattern.Model over estimates biomass and underestimates mortality relative to the terminal year(Hare 2011).

SCIENTIFIC ADVICE

Last updated on 10 July 2011

Harvest rate with bycatch included is too high (Hare 2011)

CURRENT STATUS

Last updated on 10 July 2011

Spawning Biomass is above target levels. Harvest rates when bycatch included are too high (Hare 2011).

Trends

Last updated on 10 Jul 2011

Stock has only been briefly below target biomass.However, exploitable biomass has fallen in the last few years due to high removal rates (Hare 2011).

2.MANAGEMENT QUALITY

MANAGEMENT

Last updated on 10 July 2011

Recently Managers initiated a method to reduce the variability in harvest quotas (the slow up fast down approach) in previous years. This method has not been successful and the scientific advice is to suspend this policy given current stock conditions (Hare 2011).

COMPLIANCE

Last updated on 10 July 2011

Bycatch in other fisheries and other areas attributes to removals above set levels(Hare 2011).

3.ENVIRONMENT AND BIODIVERSITY

FishSource Scores

MANAGEMENT QUALITY

As calculated for 2009 data.

The score is 10.0.

This measures the F at low biomass as a percentage of the Target harvest rate U.

The F at low biomass is 0.00 (from management plan). The Target harvest rate U is 0.200 .

The underlying F at low biomass/Target harvest rate U for this index is 0.00%.

As calculated for 2009 data.

The score is 8.5.

This measures the Set TAC as a percentage of the Advised TAC.

The Set TAC is 4600 ('000 t). The Advised TAC is 4200 ('000 t) .

The underlying Set TAC/Advised TAC for this index is 110%.

As calculated for 2009 data.

The score is 10.0.

This measures the Catch as a percentage of the Set TAC.

The Catch is 0.00 ('000 t). The Set TAC is 4600 ('000 t) .

The underlying Catch/Set TAC for this index is 0.00%.

STOCK HEALTH:

As calculated for 2009 data.

The score is 7.6.

This measures the SSB as a percentage of the SSB40%.

The SSB is 19.0 ('000 t). The SSB40% is 21.2 ('000 t) .

The underlying SSB/SSB40% for this index is 89.5%.

As calculated for 2008 data.

The score is 3.5.

This measures the F as a percentage of the Target harvest rate U.

The F is 0.427 . The Target harvest rate U is 0.200 .

The underlying F/Target harvest rate U for this index is 213%.

To see data for biomass, please view this site on a desktop.
To see data for catch and tac, please view this site on a desktop.
To see data for fishing mortality, please view this site on a desktop.
No data available for recruitment
No data available for recruitment
To see data for management quality, please view this site on a desktop.
To see data for stock status, please view this site on a desktop.
DATA NOTES
British Columbia/IPHC Regulatory Area 2B

Last updated on 6 June 2014

1) "F" shown here is exploitation rate as estimated by IPHC from survey distribution of exploitable biomass.

2) F at low biomass is not reported. However, the harvest policy reduces harvest rates when spawning biomass declines to 30% of unfished level, and harvest rate drops to zero if biomass falls to B20%.

Download Source Data

Registered users can download the original data file for calculating the scores after logging in. If you wish, you can Register now.

Fishery Improvement Projects (FIPs)

No related FIPs

Certifications

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)

SELECT MSC

NAME

Canada Pacific Halibut (British Columbia)

STATUS

MSC Recertified on 30 September 2009

SCORES

Principle Level Scores:

Principle Score
Principle 1 – Target Species 88.8
Principle 2 - Ecosystem 87.3
Principle 3 – Management System 97.8

Sablefish started a expedit assessment in September 2016 to join to this certification.

Certification Type: Silver

Sources

Credits
  1. Balsiger, James, DiCosimo, Jane and Baker, Rachel, 2011. Regulatory Amendment for a Catch Sharing Plan For the Pacific Halibut Charter and Commercial Longline Sectors in International Pacific Halibut Commission Regulatory Areas 2C and 3A: DRAFT FOR SECRETARIAL REVIEW. North Pacific Fishery Management Council/National Marine Fisheries Service. Anchorage, Alaska. 200 pp.http://www.fakr.noaa.gov/sustainablefisheries/halibut/analyses/cspea062011.pdf
  2. Chaffee, C., 2007. US Halibut Fishery: 2007 Annual Surveillance Report as Required Under the Marine Stewardship Council Program. Scientific Certification Systems, Inc. 29 pp.http://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/certified/pacific/us-north-pacific-halibut/assessment-downloads-1/Surveillance_Report_No1_2007.pdf
  3. Chaffee, C., Deriso, R., Furness, R. and Shepard, M., 2006. MSC Assessment Report: The United States North Pacific Halibut Fishery. Scientific Certification Systems, Inc. March 2006. 221 pp.http://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/certified/pacific/us-north-pacific-halibut/assessment-downloads-1/USHalibut_FinalAssRpt.pdf
  4. Chaffee, C. Turris, B. 2009. MSC Assessment Report: The Canadian Halibut Fishery off the Coast of British Columbia. Scientific Certification Systems, Inc.http://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/certified/pacific/Canada-Pacific-halibut-bc/assessment-downloads-1/27.08.2009%20BC%20Halibut%20Final%20Report.pdf
  5. Clark, W.G. and S.R. Hare, 1998. Accounting for Bycatch in Management of the Pacific Halibut Fishery, IPHC Scientific Report No. 78, 1998.jbycatch.doc
  6. Clark, W.G., and Hare, S.R. 2006. Assessment and management of Pacific halibut: data, methods, and policy. International Pacific Halibut Commission (IPHC). 111 pp.http://www.iphc.int/papers/sr83.pdf
  7. Daume, Sabine, Martell, Steve, Essington, Tim and Sutinen, Jon, 2011. MSC Public Certification Report for the US Pacific Halibut. v.5. Scientific Certification Systems. July 2011. Emeryville, CA. 122 pp.http://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/certified/pacific/us-north-pacific-halibut/reassessment-documents/04.08.2011_RPT_PublicCertReport_PacificHalibut.pdf
  8. DeAlteris, J., Morgan, S., Turris, B., and Vincent, A., 2015. Marine Stewardship Council Re-Assessment of the Canada Pacific Halibut (British Columbia) Hook-and-Line Fishery (Including Bottom Long line, Troll line, and Hand line). Final Certification Report v 5.0, June 2015. 294pphttps://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/fisheries-in-the-program/certified/pacific/Canada-Pacific-halibut-bc/reassessment-downloads-1/20150630_PCR_HAL26.pdf
  9. DFO Integrated Fisheries Management Plan 2008http://www-ops2.pac.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/xnet/xIndex.cfm?pg=welcome&lang=en&targetPage=content/mplans/mplans.htm&targetURLParams=&StopCookieTest=1
  10. Gilroy, Heather L and Williams, Gregg H, 2011. The 2011 Commercial, Sport, and Subsistence Halibut Fisheries. In: International Pacific Halibut Commission’s 2011 Interim Meeting, November 30 - December 1 2011 Seattle, Washington.http://www.iphc.washington.edu/meetings/2011im/Fishery2011IMv3hg.pdf
  11. Hare, S.R., and Clark, W.G. 2007. IPHC harvest policy analysis: past, present, and future considerations. International Pacific Halibut Commission (IPHC). 26 pp.http://www.iphc.int/papers/hp07.pdf
  12. Hare, S.R., and W.G. Clark, 2007 IPHC harvest policy analysis: past, present, and future considerations, IPHC 20072007_harvest_policy.doc
  13. Hare, S.R. and W.G. Clark, Assessment of the Pacific halibut stock at the end of 2008, IPHC 2008http://www.iphc.int/pubs/rara/2008rara/2k8rara04.pdf
  14. Hare, Steven R., 2010. Assessment of the Pacific halibut stock at the end of 2010. International Pacific Halibut Commission. Seattle, Washington. 91 pp.http://www.iphc.washington.edu/papers/sa10.pdf
  15. Hare 2011 Assessment of the Pacific halibut stock at the end of 2010. International Pacific Halibut Commission.http://www.iphc.washington.edu/papers/sa10.pdf
  16. Hare, Steven R., 2011. 2011 Halibut Assessment. In: International Pacific Halibut Commission’s 2011 Interim Meeting, November 30 - December 1 2011 Seattle, Washington.http://www.iphc.washington.edu/meetings/2011im/SA2011.pdf
  17. IPHC, 2008.  News Release November 25, 2008http://www.iphc.washington.edu/halcom/newsrel/2008.htm
  18. IPHC, 2008. IPHC Workshop on Biomass Apportionment, Sept. 4, 2008, IPHChttp://www.iphc.washington.edu/HALCOM/meetings/workshop2008/baw2008.htm
  19. IPHC, 2011a. Pacific Halibut Fishery Regulations. International Pacific Halibut Commission. Seattle, Washington. 27 pp.http://www.iphc.int/publications/regs/2011iphcregs.pdf
  20. IPHC, 2011b. Halibut Commission Completes 2011 Annual Meeting. 31 January 2011. International Pacific Halibut Commission (IPHC) website. [Accessed on 14 December 2011]. http://www.iphc.int/news-releases/159-nr20110131.html
  21. IPHC, 2011c. Pacific Halibut Commercial Catch by Regulatory Area and Year. International Pacific Halibut Commission (IPHC) website. [Accessed on 14 December 2011].http://www.iphc.int/commercial/catch-data/197-comm-cat-yr.html
  22. IPHC, 2011d. Pacific Halibut Commercial Catch Limits by Regulatory Area and Year. International Pacific Halibut Commission (IPHC) website. [Accessed on 14 December 2011].http://www.iphc.int/commercial/184-comm-limits.html
  23. Jagielo, T., and S. Morgan, 2015. US North Pacific Halibut (AK, WA). 2014 MSC Third Surveillance Visit Report. Scientific Certification Systems, June 2015. 109pphttps://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/fisheries-in-the-program/certified/pacific/us-north-pacific-halibut/reassessment-documents/20150611_SR_HAL123.pdf
  24. Jagielo, T., Morgan, S., 2013. US North Pacific Halibut (AK,WA). 2013 MSC Second Surveillance Visit Report. Scientific certification Systems, September 2013. 80pphttp://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/fisheries-in-the-program/certified/pacific/us-north-pacific-halibut/reassessment-documents/20130911_SR_HAL123.pdf
  25. Morgan, S., Turris, B., 2013. Canada Pacific Halibut (British Columbia) Hook and Line (Including Bottom Long line, Troll line, and Hand line) Fishery. 2013 Fourth Annual MSC Surveillance Visit Report. SCS Global Services, December 2013. 98pphttp://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/fisheries-in-the-program/certified/pacific/Canada-Pacific-halibut-bc/assessment-downloads-1/20131212_SR_HAL26.pdf
  26. National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), 2011. Sport Halibut Fishing in Alaska. National Marine Fisheries Service website. [Accessed on 16 December 2011].http://www.fakr.noaa.gov/sustainablefisheries/halibut/sport.htm
  27. NOAA’s National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), 2009. Pacific Halibut–Sablefish IFQ Report, Fishing Year 2008. 83 p.http://www.fakr.noaa.gov/ram/rtf08.pdf
  28. SCS, 2011. MSC Public Certification Report US Pacific Halibut v.5, July 2011. 122 pp.http://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/certified/pacific/us-north-pacific-halibut/reassessment-documents/04.08.2011_RPT_PublicCertReport_PacificHalibut.pdf
  29. Valero, Juan, 2011. Harvest policy considerations for 2012. In: International Pacific Halibut Commission’s 2011 Interim Meeting, November 30 - December 1 2011 Seattle, Washington.http://www.iphc.washington.edu/meetings/2011im/Harvestpolicyconsiderationsfor2012_IMv2.pdf
  30. Vincent, A., Turris, B., 2012. Brithish Columbia Canada Pacific Halibut. 2012 MSC Third Surveillance Visit Report. Scientific Certification Systems, October 2012. 59pphttp://www.msc.org/track-a-fishery/fisheries-in-the-program/certified/pacific/Canada-Pacific-halibut-bc/assessment-downloads-1/20121218_SR_HAL26.pdf
References

    Comments

    This tab will disappear in 5 seconds.

    Comments on:

    Pacific halibut - NE Pacific, British Columbia/IPHC Regulatory Area 2B, Canada, Bottom-set longlines

    comments powered by Disqus