ANALYSIS

No related analysis

SCORES

Management Quality:

Management Strategy:

7

Managers Compliance:

10

Fishers Compliance:

8

Stock Health:

Current
Health:

8

Future Health:

8


RECOMMENDATIONS

CATCHERS & REGULATORS

1. Work actively to address and close out conditions placed upon the certification of the fishery in the agreed timeframe.
2. Report achievements publicly to share progress with buyers.

RETAILERS & SUPPLY CHAIN

1. Monitor the progress in closing out conditions placed upon the certification of the fishery and if agreed timelines are met.
2. Express your support to help meet conditions that may be at a government/regulatory level (where applicable). 


FIPS

No related FIPs

CERTIFICATIONS

  • Alaska salmon:

    MSC Recertified

Fisheries

Within FishSource, the term "fishery" is used to indicate each unique combination of a flag country with a fishing gear, operating within a particular management unit, upon a resource. That resource may have a known biological stock structure and/or may be assessed at another level for practical or jurisdictional reasons. A fishery is the finest scale of resolution captured in FishSource profiles, as it is generally the scale at which sustainability can most fairly and practically be evaluated.

DISTRICT MANAGEMENT UNIT FLAG COUNTRY FISHING GEAR
Annette Islands Reserve Alaska United States Drift gillnets
Set gillnets (anchored)
Trolling lines
Arctic-Yukon-Kuskokwim Alaska United States Drift gillnets
Fish wheel
Set gillnets (anchored)
Bristol Bay Alaska United States Drift gillnets
Set gillnets (anchored)
Cook Inlet Alaska United States Drift gillnets
Set gillnets (anchored)
Copper-Bering Alaska United States Drift gillnets
Prince William Sound Alaska United States Drift gillnets
Purse seines
Set gillnets (anchored)
Southeast Alaska Alaska/PSC United States Trolling lines
Westward Alaska Alaska United States Drift gillnets
Purse seines
Set gillnets (anchored)

Analysis

OVERVIEW

Last updated on 13 August 2013

RECOMMENDATIONS
Southeast Alaska

Last updated on 3 December 2016

Improvement Recommendations to Catchers & Regulators

1. Work actively to address and close out conditions placed upon the certification of the fishery in the agreed timeframe.
2. Report achievements publicly to share progress with buyers.

Recommendations to Retailers & Supply Chain

1. Monitor the progress in closing out conditions placed upon the certification of the fishery and if agreed timelines are met.
2. Express your support to help meet conditions that may be at a government/regulatory level (where applicable). 

1.STOCK STATUS

2.MANAGEMENT QUALITY

3.ENVIRONMENT AND BIODIVERSITY

FishSource Scores

MANAGEMENT QUALITY

Click on the score to see subscores

As calculated for 2013 data.

The score is 10.0.

A number of studies and analyses have been conducted over the last four decades which have estimated harvest rates, distribution, maximum sustained yield, optimum escapement levels, growth, survival, and other population attributes for many wild stocks. These studies have been published in many department reports and are reviewed within ADF&G, the PSC, and external review. The Northern Boundary and Transboundary Committees of the PSC annually review the status of key coho salmon stocks and conduct of fisheries that harvest these stocks.

Click on the score to see subscores

×

Management Responsiveness Subscores

As calculated for 2013 data.

The score is 8.0.

Regulations are in place that trigger troll closures in mid- and late-July, as well as mid-August, in cases of below-average CPUE and harvest. Management may also undertake additional closures if escapement goals are not being met in specific areas (Skannes et al. 2013).

As calculated for 2013 data.

The score is 10.0.

There are currently no coho salmon stocks of concern in Southeast Alaska.

As calculated for 2013 data.

The score is 7.0.

Failure of the legislature to renew the Alaska Coastal Zone Management Program has jeopardized the continued conservation and protection of coastal habitats. This sub-criterion was therefore scored at "7."

×

Adequacy of Data Subscores

As calculated for 2013 data.

The score is 8.0.

There is effective enforcement of regulations, monitoring of fishery objectives and reporting of results. Illegal fishing is not a significant problem.

As calculated for 2013 data.

The score is 8.0.

Catches are reported accurately and on a timely basis through in-season reporting. Estimates of incidental mortality as well as catch estimates for hatchery fish are available (SCS 2007). There have been no genetic studies that have attempted to better define the stock mixture in the Alaska troll coho salmon harvests. However, there has been extensive coded wire tagging of both wild and hatchery stocks throughout Southeast Alaska.

As calculated for 2013 data.

The score is 8.0.

Escapements are estimated for 13 stocks or groups of stocks. These index escapements are distributed throughout Southeast Alaska, including 3 rivers near Yakutat. Three systems have weirs. Escapements to the Stikine River and streams in the central inside area are not well documented and a system of index streams in this area would complete the escapement assessments.

STOCK HEALTH:

Click on the score to see subscores

Click on the score to see subscores

×

Stock Status Subscores

As calculated for 2013 data.

The score is 8.0.

Overall, 94% of the time escapement goals have been achieved since 1998.

As calculated for 2013 data.

The score is 8.0.

The catch trend has been declining slightly (about 2% per year), but this decline is due to the record setting catches and abundance in the late 1990's and early 2000s decreasing to more normal production in later years and decreasing exploitation rates in the troll fishery (exploitation rates also decreased by 2%). The overall estimated abundance of coho salmon over the past 15 years has remained about the same.

×

Hatchery Impacts Subscores

As calculated for 2013 data.

The score is 8.0.

Managers are easily and accurately able to estimate the percent of hatchery fish in the troll catch. Approximately 5% of the hatchery coho salmon are tagged each year and 32% of the troll catch is sampled for coded wire tags. Less than 1% of hatchery releases are not represented by a coded wire tag.

As calculated for 2013 data.

The score is 8.0.

Management decisions for the troll fishery are based solely on the wild stock abundance.

As calculated for 2013 data.

As calculated for 2013 data.

As calculated for 2013 data.

HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSE RISK

High Medium Low

This indicates the potential risk of human rights abuses within this fishery.

Choose Stock:
No data available for hatchery releases
Data notes

Scores appearing at the region level reflect the range of scores for the district profiles in the region for each of the five FishSource scoring criteria.  District profiles are scored according to the complete FishSource salmon scoring method, which can be downloaded here. A summary of the method’s scoring criteria for district profiles follows below (for the Alaska/PSC troll fishery component, scroll further to see a slightly modified set of criteria applied to mixture pool fisheries).

The FishSource sustainability criteria as applied to salmon: Criterion 1. Management Responsiveness (Is the management strategy precautionary?) 1.1 Over the last decade, has fisheries management exhibited in-season responsiveness to stock status? 1.2 Has fisheries management responded appropriately over the last 15 years when/if the stock has failed to meet management objectives and/or maintain yields? 1.3 Has management exhibited responsiveness to concerns regarding the conservation and restoration of the stock’s essential freshwater, estuarine and coastal habitats during the last ten years? Criterion 2. Management Guidelines (Do the managers follow scientific advice?) Have appropriate escapement goals or operational equivalents been developed and implemented for the fishery’s wild stocks? Criterion 3. Adequacy of Data (Do fishers comply?) 3.1 Is a portion of harvest attributable to illegal, unreported, or unregulated fishing, resulting in official harvest data that is lower than the actual catch? 3.2 Is the fishery’s harvest adequately and accurately measured and reported? 3.3 Has escapement been adequately and accurately measured and publicly reported? Criterion 4. Stock Status (Is the fish stock healthy?) 4.1 Have escapement measures for the fishery’s wild stocks been maintained above escapement goals or thresholds, or have harvest rates been below the target harvest rates? 4.2 Has the catch trend been level or increasing over a 15-year period? Criterion 5. Are hatcheries or other enhancement activities negatively affecting wild stocks? (Will the fish stock be healthy in the future?) 5.0 Do hatcheries account for 10% or less of the fishery’s total production, or are hatchery-produced fish not in substantial contact with wild salmon? If “no,” then the following sub-criteria are analyzed: 5.1 Are managers able to manage for the (wild) stocks in a fishery that also contains hatchery stocks of salmon? 5.2 Is there a low quantity of hatchery strays in the escapement throughout the freshwater habitat of the wild stock, and is hatchery straying quantified by means of a technically sound data collection and analysis? 5.3 Over the past 10 years, have hatchery strays, hatchery out-plants, or any returning hatchery-produced fish been intentionally allowed to mix with the wild stock during spawning? 5.4 Are there active and effective policies that (1) establish objectives for the conservation of wild salmon, (2) put into place operational systems that limit hatchery impacts on wild stocks, (3) grant sufficient oversight and authority over individual hatchery programs to management agencies, and (4) establish a hatchery evaluation system that monitors the performance of individual hatcheries against wild salmon conservation objectives?

Southeast Alaska
Alaska/PSC

Last updated on

This is a mixutre pool management fishery (preseason-managed, occurring in the open ocean); a slightly modified version of the FishSource salmon fishery sustainability criteria is applied to mixture pool fisheries: Criterion 1. Management Responsiveness (Is the management strategy precautionary?) 1.1 Over the last decade, has fisheries management exhibited in-season responsiveness to stock status? 1.2 Has fisheries management maintained catch consistently below the catch limit, if there is one, during the last 15 years? 1.3 Has fisheries management responded appropriately over the last 15 years when/if the stock has failed to meet management objectives and/or maintain yields? 1.4 Has management exhibited responsiveness to concerns regarding the conservation and restoration of the stock’s essential freshwater, estuarine and coastal habitats during the last ten years? Criterion 2. Management Guidelines (Do the managers follow scientific advice?) Are the management guidelines (i.e. catch limits) appropriate and subject to scientific oversight? Criterion 3. Adequacy of Data (Do fishers comply?) 3.1 Is a portion of harvest attributable to illegal, unreported, or unregulated fishing, resulting in official harvest data that is lower than the actual catch? 3.2 Is the fishery’s harvest adequately and accurately measured and reported? 3.3 Have stock identification efforts been undertaken to determine the fishery’s stock composition? 3.4 Is escapement measured in a substantial and well-distributed quantity of stocks harvested by the fishery? Criterion 4. Stock Status (Is the fish stock healthy?) 4.1 Have escapement trends of the fishery’s stock aggregate been level or increasing over the last 15 years? 4.2 Has the catch trend been level or increasing over a 15-year period? Criterion 5. Are hatcheries or other enhancement activities negatively affecting wild stocks? (Will the fish stock be healthy in the future?) 5.0 Do hatcheries account for 10% or less of the fishery’s total production, or are hatchery-produced fish not in substantial contact with wild salmon? If “no,” then the following sub-criteria are analyzed: 5.1 Are managers able to identify and quantify hatchery fish in the mixed-stock aggregate? 5.2 Does hatchery abundance overly influence the determination of the fishery’s catch limit?

Download Source Data

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Fishery Improvement Projects (FIPs)

No related FIPs

Certifications

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)

SELECT MSC

NAME

Alaska salmon

STATUS

MSC Recertified on 1 September 2000

SCORES

Principle Level Scores:

Unit of Certification Principle Score
Southeast Alaska Principle 1 – Target Species 80.7
Principle 2 - Ecosystem 81.0
Principle 3 – Management System 91.5
Yakutat Principle 1 – Target Species 97.1
Principle 2 - Ecosystem 83.7
Principle 3 – Management System 96.5
Prince William Sound

Principle 1 – Target Species

83.5

Principle 2 - Ecosystem 86.0
Principle 3 – Management System 91.5
Copper/Bering Districts Principle 1 – Target Species 82.4
Principle 2 - Ecosystem 85.7
Principle 3 – Management System 91.5
Lower Cook Inlet Principle 1 – Target Species 91.0
Principle 2 - Ecosystem 86.0
Principle 3 – Management System 89.5
Upper Cook Inlet Principle 1 – Target Species 94.3
Principle 2 - Ecosystem 85.7
Principle 3 – Management System 91.5
Bristol Bay Principle 1 – Target Species 98.9
Principle 2 - Ecosystem 87.3
Principle 3 – Management System 96.5
Yukon River Principle 1 – Target Species 91.7
Principle 2 - Ecosystem 87.3
Principle 3 – Management System 96.5
Kuskokwim Principle 1 – Target Species 91.2
Principle 2 - Ecosystem 87.3
Principle 3 – Management System 96.5
Kotzebue Principle 1 – Target Species 88.3
Principle 2 - Ecosystem 87.7
Principle 3 – Management System 96.5
Norton Sound Principle 1 – Target Species 84.2
Principle 2 - Ecosystem 87.3
Principle 3 – Management System 96.5
Kodiak Principle 1 – Target Species 82.5
Principle 2 - Ecosystem 85.3
Principle 3 – Management System 91.5
Chignik Principle 1 – Target Species 87.1
Principle 2 - Ecosystem 87.7
Principle 3 – Management System 96.5
Peninsula/Aleutian Islands Principle 1 – Target Species 97.4
Principle 2 - Ecosystem 87.3
Principle 3 – Management System 96.5

Certification Type: Silver

Sources

References

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    Coho salmon - Alaska, Southeast Alaska, Alaska/PSC, United States, Trolling lines

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