Scoping Progress Update:
• Since the second half of 2009, TACs have been established in Peru for the first time, together with an IQ system.
• Since June 2010, effort limit for the artisanal fleet has been established in Peru. 2011
• In October 2011, the Peruvian government abrogated the rule that allowed the industrial fleet to penetrate into the artisanal 5-mile zone.
• In the second half of 2011, Moquegua Region authorities abrogated the “Regional Food Support Program” (in Spanish, PAAR). Under this umbrella, some smallscale purse-seiners deviated anchovy harvests from direct human consumption to fishmeal factories, violating regulations.
• A GEF project encouraged by the UNDP and involving both governments (Humboldt Current Project) includes joint research and coordinated management for this stock of anchovy as one of the main goals to be achieved. This is coincident with one of the key FIP objectives.
2012 • While Peru set a 400,000-tonne TAC for the first semester of 2012, Chile established a year-round TAC of 800,000 tonnes. These TACs did not seem to be aligned with a recovery goal.
• From January to June 2012, in the southern region of Peru, 300,000 tonnes of anchovy were landed, 20 percent less than during the same period in 2011. The incidence of juveniles in the catches was 3-4 percent (according to IMARPE´s report).
• In July 2012, following the recommendation of IMARPE, PRODUCE established a TAC of 307,000 tonnes for the second season of 2012 (August–December).
• In August 2012, PRODUCE established the criterion for categorizing fishing vessels in the anchovy fishery directed at human consumption, designating those vessels as either artisanal or smaller-scale. In addition, PRODUCE determined reserve areas for the activities of the artisanal and small-scale fleets.
• In November 2012, the assessment survey conducted by IMARPE revealed an anchovy biomass in the southern region around 2 million tonnes, and recommended a TAC between 400,000 and 450,000 tonnes, including all kinds of fishing fleets. For Chile, the estimation was 2.3 million tonnes and the TAC was 800,000 tonnes.
• At the same time, CeDePesca sent to PRODUCE, and made public, a statement about the anchovy fishery, which analyzes the state of the anchovy population reported by IMARPE, the official information of anchovy catches, production and commercialization of fishmeal in the last 5 years, and the potential extraction of the smaller-scale fleet that would operate under Supreme Decree 005-2012- PRODUCE. The statement also included, among others, fishery management recommendations aimed at discouraging discards in fishing operations, improving the on-board observer program, accelerating the closure of marine areas with a high presence of juvenile specimens, and setting a limit of allowable catch and IQ system for artisanal and smaller-scale fleets (November 14, 2012). • In December 2012, PRODUCE established Supreme Decree 008-2012-PRODUCE, which introduces improvements in fisheries management, some of which were recommendations made by CeDePesca in the statement on the anchovy fishery delivered in November. • From January to December 2012, in the southern region of Peru, 357,000 tonnes of anchovy were landed, 50 percent less than during the same period in 2011. In Chile, 2012 landings accounted for 650,000 tonnes, 37 percent less than for 2011.
• In December 2012, following the recommendation of IMARPE, PRODUCE established a TAC of 400,000 tonnes for the first season of 2013 (January–June). This fishing quota is applicable only to the larger-scale (industrial) fleet. In Chile, the National Fisheries Council established a TAC of 800,000 tonnes, following the recommendation of SUBPESCA. 2013 • In April, in Peru, CeDePesca participated in a meeting organized by UNOPS’ GEF Project for the Humboldt Current regarding a master plan for the National Reserve for the System of Guano Islands, Islets, and Headlands. The objective of this GEF project is to develop ecosystem-based management for areas in Chile and Peru that share the influence of the Humboldt Current. During this phase, the project is identifying stakeholders, assessing the current situation, and developing alternative action proposals. CeDePesca took the opportunity to interact with potential partners for this FIP, including EcOceánica, the Center for Environmental Sustainability (CSA), The Nature Conservancy (TNC), and the fishermen’s association of San Juan de Marcona.
• In April, in Chile, CeDePesca participated in the ERAEF workshop that took place in IFOP headquarters in Valparaiso. The workshop was also funded by UNOPS’ GEF-Humboldt Project and was directed by Ernesto Godelman. IFOP chose the shared stock of anchovy as the case study for this workshop.
• In June, CeDePesca had a meeting with representatives from The Nature Conservancy in Peru. The discussion included both NGOs’ participation in UNOPS’ GEFHumboldt Project and possible ways of working together.
• In July, CeDePesca offered a copy of the FIP scoping report on this fishery to an executive in CORPESCA, one of Chile's main fishmeal producers in northern Chile. Unfortunately, despite several requests, he has given no response.
• In July, in Peru, PRODUCE issued Ministerial Resolution N° 222-2013-PRODUCE extending the first fishing season in the south for two additional months to allow completion of the quota that had been set at 400,000 tonnes.
• In August, CeDePesca had an informal meeting with president of the Association of Fishmeal and Fish Oil Producers in the South (APROSUR), regarding this FIP scoping. APROSUR brings together the main Peruvian fishing companies that exploit the anchovy fishery in southern Peru. He agreed to meet again to discuss possibilities of working together on this FIP, despite the fact that the industrial fleet is effectively eliminated from the fishery because they are limited to fishing beyond mile 10. This has left this anchovy fishery to the middle- and small-scale fleet, which supposedly aims the catch toward direct human consumption, but in practice deviates most of it to illegal fishmeal plants.
• In October, PRODUCE issued Ministerial Resolution N° 301-2013 authorizing the start of the second fishing season for the southern region of Peru, establishing a TAC of 430 thousand tonnes to be fished between October and March 31.
• Also in October, CeDePesca took part of the Third Meeting of Focal Points for the implementation in Latin America of Principle 10 of the Rio Declaration (related to transparency of information). The meeting took place October 28–31 in Lima and was organized by CEPAL, UNEP, UNITAR, and WRI-TAI.
• In November, a binational scientific workshop (Peru-Chile) on reproductive indexes took place where IMARPE and IFOP researchers met to discuss reproductive aspects of the shared stock, including first maturity size. Also in November, CeDePesca participated in the presentation of the GEF-Humboldt Project’s Annual Plan of Operations and communication strategy.
• In December, the SNP and CeDePesca started organization of a workshop on Access to Information and Transparency focused on fisheries management. Meetings were scheduled with NGOs Proetica, Instituto DAR, Planeta Oceano, and APECO.
2014 • In January, CeDePesca attended the presentation of the Diagnostic Analysis for the Transzonal Ecosystem (Peru-Chile), which forms part of the process that would result in a draft Strategic Action Program for both countries. Also in January, CeDePesca started working on a program proposal for the Transparency Workshop. The workshop could be held during the next quarter.
• In February, CeDePesca held meetings with the Ombudsman Office and the SNP regarding the workshop program. Also in February, IMARPE initiated its research cruise related to the main pelagic resources. The cruise will end in April.
• CeDePesca does not have adequate funding to continue pursuing this project further. SFP will maintain this scoping report and is seeking industry participants to take a leadership role in fishery improvement work.