Last updated on 25 February 2016

SUMMARY

SUMMARY

IDENTIFICATION

SCIENTIFIC NAME(s)

Lophius americanus

SPECIES NAME(s)

American angler, Monkfish, Goosefish


ANALYSIS

No related analysis

FISHSOURCE SCORES

Management Quality:

Management Strategy:

≥ 8

Managers Compliance:

10

Fishers Compliance:

10

Stock Health:

Current
Health:

9.3

Future Health:

10


RECOMMENDATIONS

CATCHERS & REGULATORS

1. Start a fishery improvement project to address sustainability issues in this fishery. For advice on starting a FIP, see SFP’s Seafood Industry Guide to FIPs at http://www.sustainablefish.org/publications/2014/04/30/the-seafood-industry-guide-to-fips.
2. Communicate to fishery managers that there are sustainability issues in this fishery that may be affecting the sale of products, and request that they comprehensively evaluate and address such issues.

RETAILERS & SUPPLY CHAIN

1. Encourage your supply chain to start a fishery improvement project. For advice on starting a FIP see SFP’s Seafood Industry Guide to FIPs at http://www.sustainablefish.org/publications/2014/04/30/the-seafood-industry-guide-to-fips.
2. Work with other suppliers and buyers on a pre-competitive basis to start a supplier roundtable to review improvement needs in this and other similar fisheries, catalyze fishery improvement projects, and monitor progress in improvement efforts.


FIPS

No related FIPs

CERTIFICATIONS

No related MSC fisheries

Fisheries

Within FishSource, the term "fishery" is used to indicate each unique combination of a flag country with a fishing gear, operating within a particular management unit, upon a resource. That resource may have a known biological stock structure and/or may be assessed at another level for practical or jurisdictional reasons. A fishery is the finest scale of resolution captured in FishSource profiles, as it is generally the scale at which sustainability can most fairly and practically be evaluated.

ASSESSMENT UNIT MANAGEMENT UNIT FLAG COUNTRY FISHING GEAR
US North Atlantic North New England North United States Bottom trawls
Gillnets and entangling nets

Analysis

OVERVIEW

RECOMMENDATIONS

Last updated on 28 June 2016

Improvement Recommendations to Catchers & Regulators

1. Start a fishery improvement project to address sustainability issues in this fishery. For advice on starting a FIP, see SFP’s Seafood Industry Guide to FIPs at http://www.sustainablefish.org/publications/2014/04/30/the-seafood-industry-guide-to-fips.
2. Communicate to fishery managers that there are sustainability issues in this fishery that may be affecting the sale of products, and request that they comprehensively evaluate and address such issues.

Recommendations to Retailers & Supply Chain

1. Encourage your supply chain to start a fishery improvement project. For advice on starting a FIP see SFP’s Seafood Industry Guide to FIPs at http://www.sustainablefish.org/publications/2014/04/30/the-seafood-industry-guide-to-fips.
2. Work with other suppliers and buyers on a pre-competitive basis to start a supplier roundtable to review improvement needs in this and other similar fisheries, catalyze fishery improvement projects, and monitor progress in improvement efforts.

1.STOCK STATUS

STOCK ASSESSMENT

Last updated on 10 July 2014

Assessment uses a statistical length at age approach which incorporates uncertainty and provides projections as well as reference points (NEFSC, 2013). Model does have a large retrospective pattern which over-estimates biomass and under-estimates F in the terminal year.

SCIENTIFIC ADVICE

Last updated on 10 July 2014

The Science and Statistical Committee of the NEFMC has incorporated uncertainty, including the retrospective pattern, by setting advised catches lower the the Acceptable Biological Catch. Managers have further reduced the quota to account for uncertainty in implementation (SSC, 2013).

Reference Points

Last updated on 10 Jul 2014

Reference points are based on the a yield per recruit approach and external to the SCALE model. These include both biomass and fishing mortality reference points used to determine status. For this stock Fmax 0.44, Bthreshold 23,037t, and Btarget 46,074t (NEFSC, 2013).

CURRENT STATUS

Last updated on 6 July 2014

Stock appears to be in good shape with low exploitation and high biomass (NEFSC, 2013).

Trends

Last updated on 06 Jul 2014

Biomass appears to be increasing while fishing mortality is trending downward since 2003 (NEFSC, 2013).

2.MANAGEMENT QUALITY

MANAGEMENT

Last updated on 5 August 2014

Since 2011 and the implementation of the revised Magnuson-Stevens Act managers have set precautionary quotas in line with the scientific advice (NEFSC, 2013).

Recovery Plans

Last updated on 05 Aug 2014

Like all other species managed in this area a formal recovery plan specific to this stock is not implemented. US law requires that stocks that experience overfishing or are over fished must be rebuilt in a specific time-frame which incorporates generation time of the stock. However given the status of this stock a formal rebuilding plan in not needed at this time (NEFSC, 2013)

COMPLIANCE

Last updated on 6 July 2014

Harvesters have complied with regulations and have caught far less than the allowed quota (NEFSC, 2013).

3.ENVIRONMENT AND BIODIVERSITY

BYCATCH
ETP Species

Last updated on 10 July 2014

The directed large mesh gill net fishery impacts Bottlenose dolphin, Common dolphin, Fin whale, Gray seal, Harbor porpoise, Harbor seal, Harp seal, Hooded seal, Humpback whale, Minke whale, North Atlantic right whale, Risso’s dolphin, White-sided dolphin, and Atlantic Sturgeon as a category 1 fishery (NMFS, 2014). Overall this gear type is responsible for over 50% Potential Biological Removal (PBR) level. However, gear modifications (weak links, pingers, and excluders), closed areas, and other management actions are in place to limit and reduce incidents of mortality. The most recent indications (NMFS, 2013) suggest that while target mortality rates for some PET species/stock are being exceeded, these PET populations are still rebuilding. 

Other Species

Last updated on 10 July 2014

The directed large mesh gill net and trawl fisheries have little bycatch and discards. The incidental fishery is part of the of the NE US multi-species groundfish fishery. While bycatch in the later is substantial, much of this incidental catch is now retained and counted against the individual species quota. Both directed and non directed monkfish fisheries are subject to closure should these others stock achieve their yearly quota. At-sea monitoring has increased substantial in recent years. Seasonal closures are effort controls are also used to minimize impacts (NEFMC, 2014). Stocks encountered in the directed monkfish fishery include dogfish, cod, haddock, and skate.

HABITAT

Last updated on 8 July 2014

The directed gillnet fishery has little bottom impact with the possible exception of deep-water coral. However managers have recently implemented area closures to protect this vital habitat.However a lengthy management process is currently underway to close very sensitive areas. Seasonal closures, gear modifications, and other management measures are also in place (NEFMC, 2014).

Marine Reserves

Last updated on 08 Jul 2014

Stellwagen Bank as well as other areas are completely closed to this fishery as well as other gear types in the NE groundfish fishery. As such there is a network of areas closed to all fishing gears through the region, to protect habitats, reduce fishing mortality on juvenile fishes, and to conserve discreet spawning units (NEFMC, 2014).

FishSource Scores

SELECT SCORES

MANAGEMENT QUALITY

As calculated for 2011 data.

The score is ≥ 8.

While F at low biomass is not set, by US law stocks must be rebuilt within a time frame appropriate to the longevity of the stock or within a 10 period.

As calculated for 2014 data.

The score is 10.0.

This measures the Set TAC as a percentage of the Advised TAC.

The Set TAC is 5.85 ('000 t). The Advised TAC is 7.60 ('000 t) .

The underlying Set TAC/Advised TAC for this index is 77.0%.

As calculated for 2013 data.

The score is 10.0.

This measures the Catch as a percentage of the Set TAC.

The Catch is 3.60 ('000 t). The Set TAC is 5.85 ('000 t) .

The underlying Catch/Set TAC for this index is 61.5%.

STOCK HEALTH:

As calculated for 2011 data.

The score is 9.3.

This measures the TB as a percentage of the 40%B0.

The TB is 60.5 ('000 t). The 40%B0 is 46.0 ('000 t) .

The underlying TB/40%B0 for this index is 131%.

As calculated for 2011 data.

The score is 10.0.

This measures the F as a percentage of the F management target.

The F is 0.0800 (age-averaged). The F management target is 0.430 .

The underlying F/F management target for this index is 18.6%.

To see data for biomass, please view this site on a desktop.
To see data for catch and tac, please view this site on a desktop.
To see data for fishing mortality, please view this site on a desktop.
No data available for recruitment
No data available for recruitment
To see data for management quality, please view this site on a desktop.
To see data for stock status, please view this site on a desktop.
DATA NOTES

Last updated on 6 July 2014

Notes: Landings and TAL calculated on the fishing year after 2000. Biomass as total biomass (t)

Download Source Data

Registered users can download the original data file for calculating the scores after logging in. If you wish, you can Register now.

Fishery Improvement Projects (FIPs)

No related FIPs

Certifications

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)

No related MSC certifications

Sources

Credits
  1. Federal Register 2011. Fisheries of the Northeastern United States; Monkfish; Framework Adjustment 7. Vol. 76, No. 207http://nefmc.org/monk/frame/Framework%207/final_rule.pdf
  2. NEFMC 2011. Monkfish Fishery Management Plan Framework Adjustment 7. New England Fishery Management Councilhttp://nefmc.org/monk/frame/Framework%207/FW7%20App%201%20Monkfish%20NMA%20FY2011-13%20analysis.pdf
  3. NEFMC, 2014 Omnibus Essential Fish Habitat Amendment 2, New England Fishery Management Council. Volumes 1-5.http://www.nefmc.org/habitat/index.html
  4. NEFSC, 2013 2013 Monkfish Operational Assessment. Northeast Fisheries Science Center Reference Document 13-23.http://www.nefsc.noaa.gov/publications/crd/crd1323/
  5. NMFS, 2013. U.S. Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico Marine Mammal Stock Assessments – 2012http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/sars/pdf/ao2012.pdf
  6. NMFS, 2014. List of Fisheries (LOF) National Marine Fisheries Service, Office of Protected Resources http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/interactions/lof/final2014.htm
  7. NMFS, 2014. List of Fisheries (LOF) National Marine Fisheries Service, Office of Protected Resources http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/interactions/lof/final2014.htm
  8. SAW 2009. Monkfish assesment for 2010. National Marine Fishery Service.http://www.nefsc.noaa.gov/publications/crd/crd1017/pdfs/monkfish.pdf
  9. SSC, 2013 Scientific and Statistical Committee memo Review of monkfish biological reference points and interim acceptable biological catch (ABC) control rule and develop updated recommendations to Council.http://nefmc.org/tech/council_mtg_docs/Sept%202013/1_SSC_Report_Monkfish_Sep2013.pdf
References

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    American angler - US North Atlantic North

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