This species is considered resilient to over-fishing (Catchpole, 2011).
No quantitative assessment. Stock status is unknown. No specific management objectives for the stock. No systematic information on the extent of discards or the impact on the bottom habitats.
Collect more biological information in order to allow a quantitative assessment of the stock. Develop specific management strategies. Conduct more research on the fishery impacts on the ecosystem.
No stock assessment is conducted for this species. In the UK it was recently included in the “under-utilized species” and qualitatively assessed in terms of its resilience for overfishing. The system used, “Relative Life History Sensitivity Analysis”, uses biological information (e.g. growth, breeding strategies) to evaluate how sensitive the stock is to fishing pressure.
CEFAS conducted an assessment on species that were often discarded due to their low commercial value. Selected species were then subject to a qualitative evaluation in terms of their resilience to fishing. The classification system, “Relative Life History Sensitivity Analysis”, uses biological data such as growth and breeding strategies to evaluate how fishing pressure can affect each species. Pouting was among the species considered resilient to over-fishing (Catchpole, 2011). No specific recommendations other that encouraging consumers to choose this species were made.
There are no reference points defined.
Stock status is unknown. According to CEFAS “Relative Life History Sensitivity Analysis”, the species was included among the most tolerant to over-fishing (Catchpole, 2011).
Official landings by the UK have fluctuated between 400 and 1,000 tonnes (ICES, 2012). After a low in 2007, landings of pouting have been increasing ever since. Biomass or exploitation rates are unknown, but trawl surveys conducted in the English Channel indicate that the stock is “stable with a decrease in abundance since 2005” (Catchpole, 2011).
Pouting is taken as by-catch of other whitefish fisheries. No TACs or other specific management measures (e.g. minimum size limits) are in place for this species. Trawlers that take pouting as bycatch are however subject to gear restrictions such as minimum mesh sizes.
No TACs or quotas or other specific management measures (e.g. minimum landing sizes) are in place, thus compliance cannot be evaluated.
Cetacean bycatch in demersal trawling in the UK is generally rare and not thought to pose a risk (Defra, 2003). Interactions of the fishery with skates and rays are considered to be high in some areas (ICES, 2008).
Pouting is taken as bycatch of other whitefish fisheries. Results from on-board observers indicate that discard rates in the otter trawl fishery in ICES sub Area VII can be around 60%, but sampling coverage is insufficient for more robust estimates (Catchpole, 2008). Some projects are underway to increase selectivity in the UK fisheries and reduce discards (CEFAS, 2011).
Impact on the seabed habitat and some changes in the benthic community structure are expected in the beam trawl fisheries. However, there is not enough available information to evaluate the impact of this fishery in particular.
A comprehensive network of Marine Protected Areas has been designated in the UK (JNCC, 2012).