Last updated on 12 September 2016

SUMMARY

SUMMARY

IDENTIFICATION

SCIENTIFIC NAME(s)

Clupea harengus

SPECIES NAME(s)

Atlantic herring

COMMON NAMES

Herring

There is insufficient information regarding the population structure of Atlantic herring in this area.

Image: FAO

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ANALYSIS

Strengths

In recent years, catches have always been below the set TACs.

Weaknesses

Stock status is unknown; no assessment or scientific advice provided, due to insufficient information.

FISHSOURCE SCORES

Management Quality:

Management Strategy:

NOT YET SCORED

Managers Compliance:

NOT YET SCORED

Fishers Compliance:

10

Stock Health:

Current
Health:

NOT YET SCORED

Future Health:

NOT YET SCORED


FIPS

No related FIPs

CERTIFICATIONS

No related MSC fisheries

Fisheries

Within FishSource, the term "fishery" is used to indicate each unique combination of a flag country with a fishing gear, operating within a particular management unit, upon a resource. That resource may have a known biological stock structure and/or may be assessed at another level for practical or jurisdictional reasons. A fishery is the finest scale of resolution captured in FishSource profiles, as it is generally the scale at which sustainability can most fairly and practically be evaluated.

MANAGEMENT UNIT FLAG COUNTRY FISHING GEAR
English and Bristol Channels United Kingdom Midwater trawls
Purse seines

Analysis

OVERVIEW

Strengths

In recent years, catches have always been below the set TACs.

Weaknesses

Stock status is unknown; no assessment or scientific advice provided, due to insufficient information.

1.STOCK STATUS

STOCK ASSESSMENT

No assessment is conducted due to insufficient data; only time series of landings data is available (ICES, 2013a).

SCIENTIFIC ADVICE

This stock is considered a ‘data limited’ stock (ICES, 2013a). No quantitative advice is known to be provided.

Reference Points

No reference points defined for this stock.

CURRENT STATUS

Current stock and exploitation status are unknown (ICES, 2013a).

Trends

Total landings for ICES Divisions VIIe,f show a decreasing trend since 2005.

2.MANAGEMENT QUALITY

MANAGEMENT

This stock is subject to total allowable catches (TACs). Gear restrictions and a minimum size limit of 20 cm are also in place in the EU area (Regulation (EC) No 850/98). In terms of TACs, given the lack of information in terms stock status the TACs set based on precautionary considerations (Regulation (EC) No 39/2013).

Recovery Plans

Not applicable.

COMPLIANCE

Fishers’ compliance with set TACs is good; with the exception of 2005, catches have been always at or below the set TACs.

3.ENVIRONMENT AND BIODIVERSITY

BYCATCH
ETP Species

In general, cetacean bycatch in demersal trawling in the UK is generally rare and not thought to pose a significant risk (Defra, 2003). Purse seine is also known to occasionally interact with marine mammals, particularly dolphins; but impacts are not regarded as high as from other gears such as gillnets (Chuenpagdee et al., 2003; Wise et al, 2007). In terms of this particular fishery, no documented effects of the fishery on protected, endangered or threatened species could be located.

Other Species

No information on bycatch could be found for this particular fishery. However, information from other similar fisheries (e.g., in the North sea), suggests bycatch in the directed herring fisheries is generally minimal (ICES, 2013b).

HABITAT

Purse seines and pelagic trawls are the only gears used in the fishery. Both gears are pelagic and are considered of low risk in terms of bottom habitat impacts (Chuenpagdee et al., 2003). Purse seines, however, when used in shallow waters may contact the seafloor and negatively affect the benthic communities.

Marine Reserves

A comprehensive network of Marine Protected Areas has been designated in the UK (JNCC, 2012).

FishSource Scores

SELECT SCORES

MANAGEMENT QUALITY

As calculated for 2012 data.

The score is 10.0.

This measures the Landings as a percentage of the Set TAC.

The Landings is 0.553 ('000 t). The Set TAC is 0.980 ('000 t) .

The underlying Landings/Set TAC for this index is 56.4%.

STOCK HEALTH:

No data available for biomass
No data available for biomass
To see data for catch and tac, please view this site on a desktop.
No data available for fishing mortality
No data available for fishing mortality
No data available for recruitment
No data available for recruitment
To see data for management quality, please view this site on a desktop.
No data available for stock status
No data available for stock status
DATA NOTES
United Kingdom

*Notes: 1)* Landings and TACs statistics are from ICES FISHSTAT database, adjusted with data supplied by working group members and ICES official statistics (ICES, 2013); data include all countries fishing for herring in divisions VIIe,f. *2)* Lack of stock assessment, reference points and fishing mortality / biomass numerical data prevents scores 1,2, 4 and 5 from being calculated.

Download Source Data

Registered users can download the original data file for calculating the scores after logging in. If you wish, you can Register now.

Fishery Improvement Projects (FIPs)

No related FIPs

Certifications

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)

No related MSC certifications

Sources

Credits

Chuenpagdee, R., Morgan, L.E., Maxwell, S.M., Norse, E.A. and Pauly, D., 2003. Shifting gears: assessing collateral impacts of fishing methods in US waters. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 1, 10: 517-524. http://www.esajournals.org/doi/abs/10.1890/1540-9295%282003%29001%5B0517:SGACIO%5D2.0.CO%3B2

Defra, 2003. UK Small cetacean bycatch response strategy Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra). London. 41 pp.http://cetaceanbycatch.org/pdfs/uk_strategy.pdf

ICES, 2013a. Report of the Herring Assessment Working Group for the Area South of 62 N (HAWG), 12-21 March 2013, ICES Headquarters, Copenhagen. ICES CM 2013/ACOM:06. 1270 pp.http://www.ices.dk/sites/pub/Publication%20Reports/Expert%20Group%20Report/acom/2013/HAWG/HAWG%202013.pdf

ICES, 2013b. Report of the Herring Assessment Working Group for the Area South of 62 N (HAWG), 12-21 March 2013, ICES Headquarters, Copenhagen. ICES CM 2013/ACOM:06. 1270 pp.http://www.ices.dk/sites/pub/Publication%20Reports/Expert%20Group%20Report/acom/2013/HAWG/HAWG%202013.pdf

JNCC, 2012. Marine Protected Area Network of the UK. Joint Nature Conservation Committee (JNCC) website. [Accessed on 18 December 2013] http://jncc.defra.gov.uk/page-4549

Marine Management Organization (MMO), 2013. UK Sea Fisheries Statistics. Marine Management Organization Website. Assessed 17 December 2013. http://marinemanagement.org.uk/fisheries/statistics/annual.htm

Regulation (EC) No 57/2011 of 18 January 2011, fixing for 2011 the fishing opportunities for certain fish stocks and groups of fish stocks, applicable in EU waters and, for EU vessels, in certain non-EU waters. http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2011:024:0001:0125:EN:PDF

Regulation (EC) No 850/98 of 30 March 1998 for the conservation of fishery resources through technical measures for the protection of juveniles of marine organisms. 55 pp. http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:1998:125:0001:0036:EN:PDF

Regulation (EU) No 23/2010 of 14 January 2010 fixing for 2010 the fishing opportunities for certain fish stocks and groups of fish stocks, applicable in EU waters and, for EU vessels, in waters where catch limitations are required and amending Regulations (EC) No 1359/2008, (EC) No 754/2009, (EC) No 1226/2009 and (EC) No 1287/2009. http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2010:021:0001:01:EN:HTML

Regulation (EU) No 39/2013 of 21 January 2013 fixing for 2013 the fishing opportunities available to EU vessels for certain fish stocks and groups of fish stocks which are not subject to international negotiations or agreements. 53 pp. http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2013:023:0001:0053:EN:PDF

Regulation (EU) No 43/2012 of 17 January 2012 fixing for 2012 the fishing opportunities available to EU vessels for certain fish stocks and groups of fish stocks which are not subject to international negotiations or agreements. 54 pp. http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2012:025:0001:0054:EN:PDF

SEAFISH, 2010. Responsible Sourcing Guide: Herring. Version 4 - May 2010, 8pp.http://www.seafish.org/media/Publications/SeafishResponsibleSourcingGuide_herring_201005.pdf

SEAFISH, 2013. Responsible Sourcing Guide: Herring. Version 7 - September 2013. 12 pp.http://www.seafish.org/media/publications/SeafishResponsibleSourcingGuide_herring_201309.pdf

Wise, Laura, Silva, Alexandra, Ferreira, Marisa, Silva, Mónica A and Sequeira, Marina, 2007. Interactions between small cetaceans and the purse-seine fishery in western Portuguese waters. Scientia Marina (Barcelona), 71, 2.http://scientiamarina.revistas.csic.es/index.php/scientiamarina/article/viewArticle/19

References

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    Atlantic herring - English and Bristol Channels

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