Last updated on 7 March 2014
No assessment of the stock is conducted. Catch and effort data is collected and regular sampling is thought to be conducted in the processing plants. The size structure and reproductive state of Pacific anchovetaCetengraulis mysticetusand Pacific thread herring Opisthonema libertate are then used to declare the opening or closure off the fishing season for small pelagic species (CeDePesca, 2010a).
Last updated on 19 November 2011
Scientific advice is limited to recommending the opening and closure of the fishing season, based on the size and reproductive state of the most common small pelagic catch species – Pacific anchoveta and Pacific thread herring, and usually at the request of the only fishmeal and fish oil processing plant (CeDePesca, 2010a).
Last updated on 19 Nov 2011
No reference points are in place for the stock.
Last updated on 22 March 2013
The Panamanian small pelagics appear to be, at the least, fully exploited considering the recent stable landing and effort levels (CeDePesca, 2010a). Abundance is highly correlated with environmental factors, particularly upwelling and rainy seasons.
Last updated on 22 Mar 2013
No indices of stock abundance or biomass are available. Catches have increased from around 500 tons in 2004 to 5,800 tons in 2008 but have since decreased again to just under 500 tons in 2010 and just under 1,000 tons in 2011 (Contraloría General de la República de Panamá, 2005; 2009; 2012).