Summary

IDENTIFICATION

Last updated on 11 March 2016

SCIENTIFIC NAME

Melanogrammus aeglefinus

SPECIES NAME(S)

Haddock


ANALYSIS

Strengths

Stock is slightly above the biomass that should produce maximum sustainable yield while fishing mortality is between the target and the threshold. The stock is well monitored and sampled.Updates in assessments are routinely conducted.

Weaknesses

The trend in spawning stock biomass is sharply down, in part due to lower recruitment compared to historical levels in 2004. A high degree of uncertainty surrounds the strength of the 2012 year class. Recreational catch is not subjected to real-time quota monitoring.

SCORES

Management Quality:

Management Strategy:

7

Managers Compliance:

10

Fishers Compliance:

≥ 6

Stock Health:

Current
Health:

8

Future Health:

8.6


RECOMMENDATIONS

CATCHERS & REGULATORS

1. Start a fishery improvement project to address sustainability issues in this fishery. For advice on starting a FIP, see SFP’s Seafood Industry Guide to FIPs at http://www.sustainablefish.org/publications/2014/04/30/the-seafood-industry-guide-to-fips.
2. Communicate to fishery managers that there are sustainability issues in this fishery that may be affecting the sale of products, and request that they comprehensively evaluate and address such issues.

RETAILERS & SUPPLY CHAIN

1. Encourage your supply chain to start a fishery improvement project. For advice on starting a FIP see SFP’s Seafood Industry Guide to FIPs at http://www.sustainablefish.org/publications/2014/04/30/the-seafood-industry-guide-to-fips.
2. Work with other suppliers and buyers on a pre-competitive basis to start a supplier roundtable to review improvement needs in this and other similar fisheries, catalyze fishery improvement projects, and monitor progress in improvement efforts.


FIPS

  • US Acadian redfish, pollock, and haddock - trawl:

    Stage 3, Progress Rating C

CERTIFICATIONS

  • US Acadian redfish, haddock and pollock otter trawl fishery:

    MSC Certified

  • US Gulf of Maine and Georges Bank haddock, pollock and redfish trawl:

    MSC Full Assessment

Fisheries

Within FishSource, the term "fishery" is used to indicate each unique combination of a flag country with a fishing gear, operating within a particular management unit, upon a resource. That resource may have a known biological stock structure and/or may be assessed at another level for practical or jurisdictional reasons. A fishery is the finest scale of resolution captured in FishSource profiles, as it is generally the scale at which sustainability can most fairly and practically be evaluated.

ASSESSMENT UNIT MANAGEMENT UNIT FLAG COUNTRY FISHING GEAR
Gulf of Maine Gulf of Maine United States Bottom trawls
Single boat bottom otter trawls

Analysis

OVERVIEW

Last updated on 5 September 2014

Strengths

Stock is slightly above the biomass that should produce maximum sustainable yield while fishing mortality is between the target and the threshold. The stock is well monitored and sampled.Updates in assessments are routinely conducted.

Weaknesses

The trend in spawning stock biomass is sharply down, in part due to lower recruitment compared to historical levels in 2004. A high degree of uncertainty surrounds the strength of the 2012 year class. Recreational catch is not subjected to real-time quota monitoring.

RECOMMENDATIONS

Last updated on 28 June 2016

Improvement Recommendations to Catchers & Regulators

1. Start a fishery improvement project to address sustainability issues in this fishery. For advice on starting a FIP, see SFP’s Seafood Industry Guide to FIPs at http://www.sustainablefish.org/publications/2014/04/30/the-seafood-industry-guide-to-fips.
2. Communicate to fishery managers that there are sustainability issues in this fishery that may be affecting the sale of products, and request that they comprehensively evaluate and address such issues.

Recommendations to Retailers & Supply Chain

1. Encourage your supply chain to start a fishery improvement project. For advice on starting a FIP see SFP’s Seafood Industry Guide to FIPs at http://www.sustainablefish.org/publications/2014/04/30/the-seafood-industry-guide-to-fips.
2. Work with other suppliers and buyers on a pre-competitive basis to start a supplier roundtable to review improvement needs in this and other similar fisheries, catalyze fishery improvement projects, and monitor progress in improvement efforts.

1.STOCK STATUS

STOCK ASSESSMENT

Last updated on 3 September 2014

Stock assessment is a typical age structure model commonly used in NE fisheries. Model tends to underestimate SSB and over estimate F in the terminal year, but only slightly in the most recent configuration. Uncertainties include recreational catch, use of averaged weights at age for projections, and the use of median recruitment. The largest source of uncertainty currently is the strength of recent good recruitment (NEFSC, 2014).

SCIENTIFIC ADVICE

Last updated on 5 September 2014

Model tends to underestimate SSB in the terminal year suggesting that stock status may be more optimistic then at 1st glance. There is a high degree of uncertainty surrounding the strength of the 2012 year class (NEFSC, 2014)

REFERENCE POINTS

Last updated on 5 September 2014

Reference points for F are based at F at 40%, a standard proxy for F at MSY in this region.SSB reference points are based of stochastic projection of the stock at various fishing mortality levels with uncertainty. Currently F at MSY is 0.46 while SS at MSY is ~ 411,000t (NEFSC, 2014)

CURRENT STATUS

Last updated on 3 September 2014

The most recent stock assessment in 2014 indicates that the stock is not overfished and that overfishing is no occurring. As such the stock appears to be doing well and is completely rebuilt (NEFSC, 2014)

TRENDS

Last updated on 5 September 2014

Stock biomass has been in decline since 2002 but has recently increased as a result of above average recruitment.Fishing mortality has been increasing since 2004, and was above it’s reference level in 2012. In 2013 however mortality declined as a result of recruitment of the strong 2012 year class (NEFSC, 2014).

2.MANAGEMENT QUALITY

MANAGERS' DECISIONS

Last updated on 5 September 2014

Current scientific advice accounts for uncertainty and managers set precautionary quotas to account for management uncertainty in addition(NEFSC, 2014). Prior to 2010 only input controls (days at sea, trip limits, and minimum sizes) were used to regulate the catch. This stock is subject to bycatch restrictions in other fisheries that catch haddock incidentally or discards. Once this cap is reached the non-directed fishery is closed to prevent overages.

RECOVERY PLANS

Last updated on 3 September 2014

Given that the stock is not overfished, a rebuilding plan is not necessary (NEFSC, 2014).

COMPLIANCE

Last updated on 3 September 2014

Compliance and enforcement are generally good to excellent given the use of vessel monitoring systems, at sea observers, and cross correlation between harvester and dealer reporting systems(NEFSC, 2014).

3.ENVIRONMENT AND BIODIVERSITY

ETP SPECIES

Last updated on 7 August 2014

The directedgill net fishery impacts Bottlenose dolphin, Common dolphin, Fin whale, Gray seal, Harbor porpoise, Harbor seal, Harp seal, Hooded seal, Humpback whale, Minke whale, North Atlantic right whale, Risso’s dolphin, White-sided dolphin, and Atlantic Sturgeon as a category 1 fishery (NMFS, 2014). Overall gillnet gear is responsible for over 50% Potential Biological Removal (PBR) level. However, gear modifications (weak links, pingers, and excluders), closed areas, and other management actions are in place to limit and reduce incidents of mortality. The most recent indications (NMFS, 2013) suggest that while target mortality rates for some PET species/stock are being exceeded,these PET populations are still rebuilding. TheBottom Trawl Fishery has little to no impact but is rated as a Category 2 fishery with associated management measures to prevent most interactions.

OTHER TARGET AND BYCATCH SPECIES

Last updated on 21 August 2014

The incidental fishery is part of the of the NE US multi-species groundfish fishery. Whilemuch of the incidental catch is now retained and counted against the individual species quota, discards in this fishery are still substantial. Both directed and non directed fisheries are subject to closure should these others stock achieve their yearly quota. At-sea monitoring has increased substantial in recent years. Seasonal closures and effort controls are also used to minimize impacts (NEFMC, 2014).

Stocks encountered in the fishery include dogfish, cod, window pane flounder, and skate.

HABITAT

Last updated on 7 August 2014

The directed gillnet fishery has little bottom impact with the possible exception of deep-water coral.However managers have recently implemented area closures to protect this vital habitat.

The trawl fishery has some bottom impact, particularly in the areas of hard substrate. However a lengthy management process is currently underway to close very sensitive areas.Seasonal closures, gear modifications, and other management measures are also in place (NEFMC, 2014).

MARINE RESERVES

Last updated on 7 August 2014

Numerous closed area and protected areas are within this region some of which include a completeclosure to all gear types. There is a network of areas closed to all fishing gears through the region, to protect habitats, reduce fishing mortality on juvenile fishes, and to conserve discreet spawning units (NEFMC, 2014) some of these are permanent, others seasonal.

FishSource Scores

SELECT SCORES

MANAGEMENT QUALITY

As calculated for 2013 data.

This measures the F at low biomass as a percentage of the F management target.

The F at low biomass is 0.345 (from management plan). The F management target is 0.460 .

The underlying F at low biomass/F management target for this index is 75.0%.

As calculated for 2014 data.

This measures the Set TAC as a percentage of the ABC.

The Set TAC is 0.323 ('000 t). The ABC is 0.340 ('000 t) .

The underlying Set TAC/ABC for this index is 95.0%.

As calculated for 2013 data.

The score is ≥ 6.

Final estimates for 2013 FY are not yet available, but that preliminary data (but that is based in the 2013 calendar year rather than FY) suggests the 2013 total ACL has been exceeded due to a considerable overage of the rec sector sub-ACL.

STOCK HEALTH:

As calculated for 2013 data.

This measures the SSB as a percentage of the SSBmsy.

The SSB is 4.15 ('000 t). The SSBmsy is 4.11 ('000 t) .

The underlying SSB/SSBmsy for this index is 101%.

As calculated for 2013 data.

This measures the F as a percentage of the F management target.

The F is 0.390 (age-averaged). The F management target is 0.460 .

The underlying F/F management target for this index is 84.8%.

HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSE RISK

High Medium Low

This indicates the potential risk of human rights abuses for all fisheries operating within this stock or assessment unit. If there are more than on risk level noted, individual fisheries have different levels. Click on the "Select Scores" drop-down list for your fisheries of interest.

No data available for recruitment

Download Source Data

Registered users can download the original data file for calculating the scores after logging in. If you wish, you can Register now.

Fishery Improvement Projects (FIPs)

SELECT FIP

Access FIP Public Report

Progress Rating: C
Evaluation Start Date: 23 Jan 2017
Type: Fip

Comments:

FIP rating remains at C. FIP less than a year old with stage 3 activities underway

1.
FIP Development
Jun 16
2.
FIP Launch
Feb 17
Jan 17
3.
FIP Implementation
Feb 17
4.
Improvements in Fishing Practices and Fishery Management
Verifiable improvement in policy/management and fishing practices
5.
Improvements on the Water
Verifiable improvement on the water
6.
MSC certification (optional)
MSC certificate made public

Certifications

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)

SELECT MSC

NAME

US Acadian redfish, haddock and pollock otter trawl fishery

STATUS

MSC Certified on 5 July 2016

SCORES

Principle Level Scores:

Principle Score
Principle 1 – Target Species 97.5
Principle 2 - Ecosystem 84.7
Principle 3 – Management System 96.9

This certificate includes four units of certification, all with the same scores.

Certification Type: Silver

Sources

Credits
  1. National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), 2010. Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act Provisions; Fisheries of the Northeastern United States; Northeast (NE) Multispecies Fishery; Amendment 16. Federal Register / Vol. 75, No. 68 / Friday, April 9, 2010 / Rules and Regulations. http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2010-04-09/pdf/2010-7233.pdf
  2. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), 2010a. Federal Register Vol. 75, No. 68. 15 CFR Part 902; 50 CFR Part 648; Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act Provisions; Fisheries of the Northeastern United States; Northeast (NE) Multispecies Fishery; Amendement 16; Final Rule.http://www.nero.noaa.gov/nero/regs/frdoc/10/10MultiAmend16FR.pdf
  3. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), 2010b. Federal Register Vol. 75, No. 68. 50 CFR Part 648. Fisheries of the Northeastern United States; Northeast Multispecies Fishery; Framework Adjustment 44.http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2010-04-09/pdf/2010-7235.pdf
  4. NEFMC,1985. Fishery Management Plan, Environmental Impact Statement, Regulatory Impact Review and Initial Regulatory Flexibility Analysis for the Northeast Multispecies Fishery. New England Fishery Management Council.http://www.nefmc.org/nemulti/fmp/gf_fmp.html
  5. NEFMC, 1998. Amendment 9 to the Northeast Multispecies (Groundfish) Fishery Management Plan incorporating an Environmental Assessment and Regulatory Impact Review.http://www.nefmc.org/nemulti/index.html
  6. NEFMC, 2014 Omnibus Essential Fish Habitat Amendment 2, New England Fishery Management Council. Volumes 1-5.http://www.nefmc.org/habitat/index.html
  7. NEFSC, 2014. SAW/SARC 59 Benchmark assessment of the Gulf of Maine haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus) stock. http://s3.amazonaws.com/nefmc.org/1.3-GOM_haddock-WP-A1-DRAFT-assessmentreport-AOB_0627_j.pdf
  8. New England Fishery Management Council (NEFMC), 2012. Framework Adjustment 47 to the Northeast Multispecies FMP Including an Environmental Assessment; Regulatory Impact Review; Initial Regulatory Flexibility Analysis.http://www.nefmc.org/nemulti/frame/fw47/120309_FW47_FinalEA.pdf
  9. New England Fishery Management Council (NEFMC), 2012. Framework Adjustment 48 to the Northeast Multispecies FMP: Draft Management Measures.http://www.nefmc.org/nemulti/frame/fw%2048/Draft_FW48_Measures_Jul11.pdf
  10. NMFS, 2014. List of Fisheries (LOF) National Marine Fisheries Service, Office of Protected Resources http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/interactions/lof/final2014.htm
  11. Palmer, M.C., Sutherland, S., Brooks, E.N. 2012. 2012 Update of the Gulf of Maine haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus) stock assessment: an update of the resource through calendar year 2010, NOAA Groundfish Assessment Updates 2012, 100 pages. http://www.nefsc.noaa.gov/publications/crd/crd1206/gomhaddock.pdf
  12. Palmer R, 2008. R. Gulf of Maine haddock; in Northeast Fisheries Science Center Reference Document 08-15: Assessment of 19 Northeast Groundfish Stocks through 2007, Report of the 3rd Groundfish Assessment Review Meeting (GARM III), Northeast Fisheries Science Center, Woods Hole, Massachusetts, August 4-8, 2008.http://www.nefsc.noaa.gov/publications/crd/crd0815/pdfs/garm3r.pdf

Appended content

References

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