Profile updated on 29 September 2016
The stock structure of European anchovy in the Mediterranean has been studied by several authors (e.g. Pla et al., 1996; Zarraonaindia et al., 2012; Giannoulaki et al., 2013; Viñas et al., 2013; Oueslati et al., 2014), is quite complex and considered with “surprisingly high overall heterogeneity” (Oueslati et al., 2014). Thus here we assumed the division of management units presented by the General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean (GFCM) along the Spanish and French coasts in the Mediterranean Sea: Northern Alboran Sea (GSA 01), Northern Spain (Mediterranean) (GSA 06) and Gulf of Lions (GSA 07) (GFCM, 2014).
Within FishSource, the term "fishery" is used to indicate each unique combination of a flag country with a fishing gear, operating within a particular management unit, upon a resource. That resource may have a known biological stock structure and/or may be assessed at another level for practical or jurisdictional reasons. A fishery is the finest scale of resolution captured in FishSource profiles, as it is generally the scale at which sustainability can most fairly and practically be evaluated.
Last updated on 12 January 2019
No related FIPs
No related MSC certifications
General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean (GFCM), 2014. Report of the Working group on stock assessment of small pelagic species (WGSASP), Scientific Advisory Committee (SAC), Subcommittee on Stock Assessment (SCSA), 102pp. https://gfcmsitestorage.blob.core.windows.net/documents/Reports/GFCM-Report-2014-SAC-WGSASP.pdf
Giannoulaki, M. et al., 2013. Characterizing the potential habitat of European anchovy Engraulis encrasicolus in the Mediterranean Sea, at different life stages, Fisheries Oceanography 22(2):69–89 "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/fog.12005/abstract ":http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/fog.12005/abstract
Oueslati, S., Fadhlaoui-Zid, K., Kada, O., Augé, M. T., Quignard, J. P., Bonhomme, F. 2014. Existence of two widespread semi-isolated genetic entities within Mediterranean anchovies, Marine Biology 161(5): 1063-1071 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00227-014-2399-5
Pla, C., Tudela, S., García-Marín, J.L. 1996. Diversity and population structure of the European anchovy in the Mediterranean Sea, Sci. Mar. 60 (2): 285-286 http://digital.csic.es/bitstream/10261/28340/1/sm60s22851.pdf
Viñas, J., Sanz, N., Peñarrubia, L., Araguas, R-M., García-Marín, J-L., Roldán, M-I., and Pla, C. 2013. Genetic population structure of European anchovy in the Mediterranean Sea and the Northeast Atlantic Ocean using sequence analysis of the mitochondrial DNA control region, ICES Journal of Marine Science, doi.10.1093/icesjms/fst132 http://icesjms.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2013/09/06/icesjms.fst132
Zarraonaindia, I., Iriondo, M., Albaina, A., Pardo, M. A., Manzano, C., Grant, W. S., Irigoien, X., Estonba, A. 2012. Multiple SNP Markers Reveal Fine-Scale Population and Deep Phylogeographic Structure in European Anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus L.) PLoS ONE 7(7): e42201. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0042201 http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0042201