The stock structure of European anchovy in the Mediterranean has been studied by several authors (e.g. Pla et al., 1996; Zarraonaindia et al., 2012; Giannoulaki et al., 2013; Viñas et al., 2013; Oueslati et al., 2014), is quite complex and considered with “surprisingly high overall heterogeneity” (Oueslati et al., 2014). Thus here we assumed the division of management units presented by the General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean (GFCM) (GFCM, 2008). This profile considers the geographical subarea 22 (Aegen Sea) (GFCM 2016).
Within FishSource, the term "fishery" is used to indicate each unique combination of a flag country with a fishing gear, operating within a particular management unit, upon a resource. That resource may have a known biological stock structure and/or may be assessed at another level for practical or jurisdictional reasons. A fishery is the finest scale of resolution captured in FishSource profiles, as it is generally the scale at which sustainability can most fairly and practically be evaluated.
Last updated on 23 August 2016
Last updated on 12 January 2019
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General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean (GFCM), 2008. Marine ResourceFact Sheet, Stock status report 2008, Anchovy – Aegean Sea, 2007 [Accessed 19 August 2014] http://www.gfcm.org/gfcm/resource/10547/en
General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean (GFCM), 2009. Report of the eleventh session of the Scientific Advisory Committee. Marrakech, Morocco, 1–5 December 2008, FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Report No. 890. Rome, FAO. 86p. ftp://ftp.fao.org/FI/DOCUMENT/gfcm/meetings/GFCM_SAC11.pdf
Giannoulaki, M. et al., 2013. Characterizing the potential habitat of European anchovy Engraulis encrasicolus in the Mediterranean Sea, at different life stages, Fisheries Oceanography 22(2):69–89 "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/fog.12005/abstract ":http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/fog.12005/abstract
Oueslati, S., Fadhlaoui-Zid, K., Kada, O., Augé, M. T., Quignard, J. P., Bonhomme, F. 2014. Existence of two widespread semi-isolated genetic entities within Mediterranean anchovies, Marine Biology 161(5): 1063-1071 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00227-014-2399-5
Pla, C., Tudela, S., García-Marín, J.L. 1996. Diversity and population structure of the European anchovy in the Mediterranean Sea, Sci. Mar. 60 (2): 285-286 http://digital.csic.es/bitstream/10261/28340/1/sm60s22851.pdf
Viñas, J., Sanz, N., Peñarrubia, L., Araguas, R-M., García-Marín, J-L., Roldán, M-I., and Pla, C. 2013. Genetic population structure of European anchovy in the Mediterranean Sea and the Northeast Atlantic Ocean using sequence analysis of the mitochondrial DNA control region, ICES Journal of Marine Science, doi.10.1093/icesjms/fst132 http://icesjms.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2013/09/06/icesjms.fst132
Zarraonaindia, I., Iriondo, M., Albaina, A., Pardo, M. A., Manzano, C., Grant, W. S., Irigoien, X., Estonba, A. 2012. Multiple SNP Markers Reveal Fine-Scale Population and Deep Phylogeographic Structure in European Anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus L.) PLoS ONE 7(7): e42201. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0042201 http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0042201