Summary

IDENTIFICATION

Last updated on 9 March 2016

SCIENTIFIC NAME

Paralithodes camtschaticus

SPECIES NAME(S)

Red king crab, Камчатский краб

Red king crab was introduced into the Barents Sea during the 1960-1970s and is currently found in NE Norway and Russian offshore waters (Stevens, 2014). Jørstad et al. (2007) found no genetic divergence on Barents Sea and Bering Sea samples analyzed however Zelenina et al. (2008) identified significant differences between native and introduced populations in the region. An agreement between Norway and Russia was in place until 2007. Currently Norway performs stock surveys and the stock is assessed in Norwegian waters (MTIF, 2011). Thus within Barents Sea, distinct assessment units are considered with correspondent management areas and measures: Norway and Russia.


ANALYSIS

No related analysis

SCORES

Management Quality:

Management Strategy:

≥ 6

Managers Compliance:

NO SCORE

Fishers Compliance:

NO SCORE

Stock Health:

Current
Health:

≥ 6

Future Health:

≥ 6


RECOMMENDATIONS

CATCHERS & REGULATORS
  • Support the existing improvement project or start your own Fishery Improvement project addressing sustainability issues in this fishery. For advice on starting a FIP, see SFP’s Seafood Industry Guide to FIPs.
  • Communicate to fishery managers that there are sustainability issues in this fishery that may be affecting the sale of products, and request that they comprehensively evaluate and address such issues.
RETAILERS & SUPPLY CHAIN
  • This profile is not currently at the top of our priority list for update, and we can’t at this time provide an accurate prediction of when it will be developed. To speed up an evaluation of the sustainability status of non-prioritized fisheries we have initiated a program whereby industry can directly contract SFP-approved analysts to develop a FishSource profile on a fishery. More information on this External Contributor Program is available here.
  • Encourage your supply chain to start a fishery improvement project or support the existing one. For advice on starting a FIP see SFP’s Seafood Industry Guide to FIPs.

FIPS

No related FIPs

CERTIFICATIONS

No related MSC fisheries

Fisheries

Within FishSource, the term "fishery" is used to indicate each unique combination of a flag country with a fishing gear, operating within a particular management unit, upon a resource. That resource may have a known biological stock structure and/or may be assessed at another level for practical or jurisdictional reasons. A fishery is the finest scale of resolution captured in FishSource profiles, as it is generally the scale at which sustainability can most fairly and practically be evaluated.

ASSESSMENT UNIT MANAGEMENT UNIT FLAG COUNTRY FISHING GEAR
Norway Norway Barents Sea Norway Bottom trawls
Gillnets and entangling nets
Longlines
Pots
Russia Russia Barents Sea Russian Federation Pots

Analysis

OVERVIEW

RECOMMENDATIONS

Last updated on 3 January 2017

Improvement Recommendations to Catchers & Regulators
  • Support the existing improvement project or start your own Fishery Improvement project addressing sustainability issues in this fishery. For advice on starting a FIP, see SFP’s Seafood Industry Guide to FIPs.
  • Communicate to fishery managers that there are sustainability issues in this fishery that may be affecting the sale of products, and request that they comprehensively evaluate and address such issues.
Recommendations to Retailers & Supply Chain
  • This profile is not currently at the top of our priority list for update, and we can’t at this time provide an accurate prediction of when it will be developed. To speed up an evaluation of the sustainability status of non-prioritized fisheries we have initiated a program whereby industry can directly contract SFP-approved analysts to develop a FishSource profile on a fishery. More information on this External Contributor Program is available here.
  • Encourage your supply chain to start a fishery improvement project or support the existing one. For advice on starting a FIP see SFP’s Seafood Industry Guide to FIPs.

1.STOCK STATUS

2.MANAGEMENT QUALITY

3.ENVIRONMENT AND BIODIVERSITY

FishSource Scores

MANAGEMENT QUALITY

As calculated for 2009 data.

The score is ≥ 6.

Russian management is reportedly based on the precautionary approach.

STOCK HEALTH:

As calculated for 2009 data.

The score is ≥ 6.

As an introduced species, there are not yet reference points for the stock but its abundance is at a high level.

As calculated for 2009 data.

The score is ≥ 6.

As an introduced species, there are not yet reference points for the stock but its abundance is at a high level.

HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSE RISK

High Medium Low

This indicates the potential risk of human rights abuses within this fishery.

No data available for biomass
No data available for fishing mortality
No data available for recruitment
Data notes
Russia

Last updated on

Notes:
1) No advised catch limits are issued for the stock so score #2 cannot be calculated but producing assessment results to aid in a management strategy is being investigated (Sundet & Berenboim, 2008).
2) TACs are set in terms of numbers of crabs so score #3 cannot be determined.
3) Scores #1, 4 and 5 have been determined qualitatively, based on available information.
Catch data from FAO (2010).

Download Source Data

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Fishery Improvement Projects (FIPs)

No related FIPs

Certifications

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)

No related MSC certifications

Sources

Credits

Bjordal, Å., 2002. The use of technical measures in responsible fisheries: regulation of fishing gear. In: Cochrane, K.L. (ed.), 2002. A fishery manager’s guidebook. Management measures and their application. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper no. 424. Rome, FAO ftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/004/y3427e/y3427e00.pdf

B-port, 2008. Interview with Yuri Lepesevich, Deputy Director for Science PINRO (Polar Research Institute of Fisheries and Oceanography).http://www.b-port.com/news/archive/2008-08-20-1/

Drevetnyak, K. V., C. Kvamme, K. Nedreaas, K. M. Sokolov, and S. Aanes, 2009. In: Barents Portal: The Joint Norwegian-Russian Environmental Status Report for the Barents Sea; Stiansen J.E., O. Korneev, O. Titov, P. Arneberg (Editors) [Accessed on 26 January 2012].http://www.barentsportal.com/barentsportal09/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=371%3Afisheries-shellfish&catid=88%3Ahuman-activitiesimpacts&Itemid=269&lang=en

Falk-Petersen, J., P. Renaud and N. Anisimova, 2011. Establishment and ecosystem effects of the alien invasive red king crab (Paralithodes camtschaticus) in the Barents Sea – a review. – ICES Journal of Marine Science, 68(3): 479-488.http://icesjms.oxfordjournals.org/content/68/3/479.abstract

FAO, 1996. Precautionary approach to capture fisheries and species introductions. Elaborated by the Technical Consultation on the Precautionary Approach to Capture Fisheries (Including Species Introductions). Lysekil, Sweden, 6-13 June 1995. FAO Technical Guidelines for Responsible Fisheries. No. 2. Rome, FAO. 1996. 54p.ftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/003/W3592e/W3592e00.pdf

FAO, 2010. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department, Statistics and Information Service. FishStatJ: Universal software for fishery statistical time series. Copyright 2011.http://www.fao.org/fishery/statistics/software/fishstatj/en

Froese, R. and D. Pauly (Editors), 2011. Cyclopterus lumpus: lumpfish. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. [Accessed on 25 January 2012].http://www.fishbase.org

Jørstad, K. E., Smith, C., Grauvogel, Z., Seeb, L. 2007. The genetic variability of the red king crab, Paralithodes camtschatica (Tilesius, 1815) (Anomura, Lithodidae) introduced into the Barents Sea compared with samples from the Bering Sea and Kamchatka region using eleven microsatellite loci, Hydrobiologia 590(1): 115-121http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10750-007-0763-x

Lyubin, P., M. Pinchukov, P. Zolotarev, V. Pavlov, J. Sundet, C. Hvingel and R. Sabirov, 2009. In: Barents Portal: The Joint Norwegian-Russian Environmental Status Report for the Barents Sea; Stiansen J.E., O. Korneev, O. Titov, P. Arneberg (Editors) [Accessed on 25 January 2012].http://www.barentsportal.com/barentsportal09/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=349%3Ashellfish-red-king-crab-paralithodes-camtschaticus-&catid=87%3Abiotic-components&Itemid=268&lang=en

Ministry of Trade, Industry and Fisheries (MTIF), 2011. The management of red king crab [Accessed 14 September 2014]http://www.fisheries.no/resource_management/control_monitoring_surveillance/The_management_of_Red_King_crab/#.VfbvCxFViko

Norwegian Ministry of Fisheries (NMF), 2010. Marine stocks & species: Red King crab (Paralithodes camtschaticus).http://www.fisheries.no/ecosystems-and-stocks/marine_stocks/shellfish/red_king_crab/

Pavlova L.V., S.A. Kuzmin, A.G. Butler, 2006?. ? King Crab in the Barents Sea: History, Results and Prospects.http://www.kolasc.net.ru/russian/ksc75/3.3.4.pdf

Stevens, B.G. 2014. King Crabs of the World: Biology and Fisheries Management, CRC Press 636 pp.https://books.google.pt/books?id=OHHvAgAAQBAJ&lpg=PA68&ots=YqOrN4jfkw&dq=genetic%20stocks%20of%20Alaska%20RKC&pg=PA68#v=onepage&q=red%20king%20crab&f=false

Sundet, J. H. and B. Berenboim, 2008. Research on the Red King Crab (Paralithodes Camtschaticus) from the Barents Sea in 2005-2007. Institute of Marine Research Norway and Polar Research Institute of Marine Fisheries and Oceanography, Russia.http://www.imr.no/filarkiv/2009/06/IMR-PINRO_2008-3_til_web.pdf/en

Tsyganova, M., B. Berenboim, A. Jelmert, J. Gjøsæter, J. A. Kålås, I. Salvesen , 2009. In: Barents Portal: The Joint Norwegian-Russian Environmental Status Report for the Barents Sea; Stiansen J.E., O. Korneev, O. Titov, P. Arneberg (Editors) [Accessed on 25 January 2012].http://www.barentsportal.com/barentsportal09/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=367&Itemid=268&lang=en

Zelenina, D. A., Mugue, N. S., Volkov, A. A., Sokolov, V. I. 2008. Red King Crab (Paralithodes camtschaticus) in the Barents Sea: a comparative study of introduced and native populations, Russian Journal of Genetics 44(7): 859–866http://mugue.narod.ru/mk_papers/Camchatka_Crab_RJG859.pdf

References

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