Last updated on 16 March 2016

SUMMARY

SUMMARY

IDENTIFICATION

SCIENTIFIC NAME(s)

Pecten maximus

SPECIES NAME(s)

Great Atlantic scallop, King scallop

Pawson (1995) considers that Great atlantic scallops in the Eastern and Western English Channel are reproductively distinct.

Fishery profile for review

Pawson (1995) considers that Great atlantic scallops in the Eastern and Western English Channel are reproductively distinct.


ANALYSIS

Strengths

Minimum landing size, number of dredges and seasonal closures are set. Spatial closures are in place for dredges.
Weaknesses: No formal stock assessment is performed thus the stock status is unknown. Landings are not publicly available. Specific harvest control rules or biological reference points have not been developed. Information on bycatch and on PET species or impacts on the seabed ecosystem is not known.
Options: A specific management strategy, with adequate reference points, should be developed. Data collection on bycatch species and impact on the ecosystem is in progress.

Weaknesses

Minimum landing size, number of dredges and seasonal closures are set. Spatial closures are in place for dredges.
Weaknesses: No formal stock assessment is performed thus the stock status is unknown. Landings are not publicly available. Specific harvest control rules or biological reference points have not been developed. Information on bycatch and on PET species or impacts on the seabed ecosystem is not known.
Options: A specific management strategy, with adequate reference points, should be developed. Data collection on bycatch species and impact on the ecosystem is in progress.

Options

Minimum landing size, number of dredges and seasonal closures are set. Spatial closures are in place for dredges.
Weaknesses: No formal stock assessment is performed thus the stock status is unknown. Landings are not publicly available. Specific harvest control rules or biological reference points have not been developed. Information on bycatch and on PET species or impacts on the seabed ecosystem is not known.
Options: A specific management strategy, with adequate reference points, should be developed. Data collection on bycatch species and impact on the ecosystem is in progress.

FISHSOURCE SCORES

Management Quality:

Management Strategy:

NOT YET SCORED

Managers Compliance:

NOT YET SCORED

Fishers Compliance:

NOT YET SCORED

Stock Health:

Current
Health:

NOT YET SCORED

Future Health:

NOT YET SCORED


RECOMMENDATIONS

CATCHERS & REGULATORS

1. Review the FishSource profile and publish or share online relevant missing information in your possession or those accessible to you.
2. Encourage scientists to share their studies/publications with FishSource by commenting on the profile and uploading a hyperlink to the document.
3. Work with scientists on the collection of data and make them accessible online.
4. Encourage the institutionalization of data collection and publication.

RETAILERS & SUPPLY CHAIN

1. Advise your suppliers that currently the FishSource profile reflects that there is not enough information publicly available on this fishery and you are unable to make an accurate determination of the sustainability status. Request that they advise the relevant authorities of the situation and that efforts need to be made to collect and publish data and disclose data sources to FishSource to better inform buying decisions.


FIPS

No related FIPs

CERTIFICATIONS

No related MSC fisheries

Fisheries

Within FishSource, the term "fishery" is used to indicate each unique combination of a flag country with a fishing gear, operating within a particular management unit, upon a resource. That resource may have a known biological stock structure and/or may be assessed at another level for practical or jurisdictional reasons. A fishery is the finest scale of resolution captured in FishSource profiles, as it is generally the scale at which sustainability can most fairly and practically be evaluated.

MANAGEMENT UNIT FLAG COUNTRY FISHING GEAR
France France Towed dredges
United Kingdom United Kingdom Towed dredges

Analysis

OVERVIEW

Last updated on 11 December 2012

Strengths

Minimum landing size, number of dredges and seasonal closures are set. Spatial closures are in place for dredges.
Weaknesses: No formal stock assessment is performed thus the stock status is unknown. Landings are not publicly available. Specific harvest control rules or biological reference points have not been developed. Information on bycatch and on PET species or impacts on the seabed ecosystem is not known.
Options: A specific management strategy, with adequate reference points, should be developed. Data collection on bycatch species and impact on the ecosystem is in progress.

Weaknesses

Minimum landing size, number of dredges and seasonal closures are set. Spatial closures are in place for dredges.
Weaknesses: No formal stock assessment is performed thus the stock status is unknown. Landings are not publicly available. Specific harvest control rules or biological reference points have not been developed. Information on bycatch and on PET species or impacts on the seabed ecosystem is not known.
Options: A specific management strategy, with adequate reference points, should be developed. Data collection on bycatch species and impact on the ecosystem is in progress.

Options

Minimum landing size, number of dredges and seasonal closures are set. Spatial closures are in place for dredges.
Weaknesses: No formal stock assessment is performed thus the stock status is unknown. Landings are not publicly available. Specific harvest control rules or biological reference points have not been developed. Information on bycatch and on PET species or impacts on the seabed ecosystem is not known.
Options: A specific management strategy, with adequate reference points, should be developed. Data collection on bycatch species and impact on the ecosystem is in progress.

RECOMMENDATIONS

Last updated on 28 June 2016

Improvement Recommendations to Catchers & Regulators

1. Review the FishSource profile and publish or share online relevant missing information in your possession or those accessible to you.
2. Encourage scientists to share their studies/publications with FishSource by commenting on the profile and uploading a hyperlink to the document.
3. Work with scientists on the collection of data and make them accessible online.
4. Encourage the institutionalization of data collection and publication.

Recommendations to Retailers & Supply Chain

1. Advise your suppliers that currently the FishSource profile reflects that there is not enough information publicly available on this fishery and you are unable to make an accurate determination of the sustainability status. Request that they advise the relevant authorities of the situation and that efforts need to be made to collect and publish data and disclose data sources to FishSource to better inform buying decisions.

1.STOCK STATUS

STOCK ASSESSMENT

Last updated on 10 December 2012

No stock assessment is performed (DEFRA, 2012a).

SCIENTIFIC ADVICE

Last updated on 10 December 2012

No scientific advice is provided.

Reference Points

Last updated on 10 Dec 2012

No reference points have been defined for this stock.

CURRENT STATUS

Last updated on 10 December 2012

The stock status is unknown.

Trends

Last updated on 10 Dec 2012

Between 2008 and 2010 the effort of dredges increased greatly in all area VII (Western and Eastern Channel) (DEFRA, 2011).

2.MANAGEMENT QUALITY

MANAGEMENT

Last updated on 10 December 2012

Defined at a European level, the minimum landing size (MLS) of 100mm was recently revised by the Scallop Fishing (England) Order 2012, in place since October 2012, which increased the MLS to 110mm in the Western English Channel, among other requirements aiming to reduce gears conflicts, enforce management measures. The number of dredges is limited in the 12 nm area (DEFRA, 2012b) and the fishing season lasts from 1st November to 31st May (Beukers-Stewart and Beukers-Stewart, 2009). The fishery is not TAC regulated.

Recovery Plans

Last updated on 10 Dec 2012

Not applicable.

COMPLIANCE

Last updated on 10 December 2012

Landings are not publicly available and harvest limits are not set thus fishers’ compliance cannot be determined. However, the Scallop Association developed the UK Scallop Industry Good Practice Guide “encompassing best practice in all areas of Scallop harvesting and production to ensure a sustainable long-term future for the UK Scallop Industry”.

3.ENVIRONMENT AND BIODIVERSITY

BYCATCH
ETP Species

Last updated on 10 December 2012

The impact of the fishery on Protected, Endangered and Threatened (PET) species is not known.

Other Species

Last updated on 10 December 2012

Bycatch species as Cuttlefish Sepia sp. are generally discarded (Beukers-Stewart and Beukers-Stewart, 2009). Bycatch is not quantified but is currently being assessed (Szostek, 2012).

HABITAT

Last updated on 10 December 2012

Dredging is expected to impact the seabed ecosystem but no information is available. Notwithstanding dredges were considered to be “clean” comparing to mobile gears (Beukers-Stewart and Beukers-Stewart, 2009). The environmental impact relating fishing effort and biological communities is being assessed (Szostek, 2012).

Marine Reserves

Last updated on 10 Dec 2012

Within the Western English Channel protected areas are defined: a closure area (in Devon) restricts dredging to protect breeding and larvae periods; the “Devon Inshore Potting Agreement” with the aim to voluntarily reduce the gear conflict produced a side effect that allowed the protection of marine biodiversity; the “Fal and Helford” is a Special Area of Conservation (EU Habitats Directive 1994) (Beukers-Stewart and Beukers-Stewart, 2009).

FishSource Scores

MANAGEMENT QUALITY

STOCK HEALTH:

No data available
No data available
No data available
No data available
No data available
No data available
No data available
No data available
No data available
No data available
No data available
No data available
DATA NOTES
  1. Landings are not publicly available for the Western English Channel (VIIe). No formal stock assessment is in place thus reference points are not set; no harvest limits or management goals are set.

Fishery Improvement Projects (FIPs)

No related FIPs

Certifications

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)

No related MSC certifications

Sources

Credits
  1. Bell, M.C. and D.W. Palmer, 2001. Spatial variation in catch rate and abundance of scallops (Pecten maximus) in the Western English Channel. International Council for the Exploration of the Sea. The Life History, Dynamics and Exploitation of Living Marine Resources: Advances in Knowledge and Methodology CM 2001/J:03.http://www.ices.dk/products/CMdocs/2001/J/J0301.pdf
  2. Beukers-Stewart, B.D. and Beukers-Stewart, J.S. 2009. Principles for the Management of Inshore Scallop Fisheries around the United Kingdom, Environment Department, University of York, 57 p.http://www.york.ac.uk/media/environment/documents/people/bryce/Scallop%20Fisheries%20Management%20(Beukers-Stewart%20&%20Beukers-Stewart%202009).pdf
  3. CEFAS, 2001. Shellfish News. Number 11. 49 pphttp://www.cefas.co.uk/publications/shellfishnews/shellnews11.pdf
  4. Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA), 2011. Consultation on proposals for a new English Scallop Order.http://archive.defra.gov.uk/environment/marine/documents/interim2/20110221-scallop-consult-doc.pdf
  5. Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA), 2012a. Science Research. Spatial and Temporal Patterns in Scallop Recruitment and their Implications for Management - MF1104, 2 p.http://randd.defra.gov.uk/Default.aspx?Menu=Menu&Module=More&Location=None&Completed=0&ProjectID=15302
  6. Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA), 2012b. The environment, Scallops. [Accessed on 10th December 2012].http://www.defra.gov.uk/environment/marine/shellfish/scallops/
  7. Pawson, M.G., 1995. Biogeographical identification of English Channel fish and shellfish stocks. Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, Directorate of Fisheries Research. Fisheries Research Technical Report Number 99. http://www.cefas.co.uk/Publications/techrep/tech99.pdf
  8. Seafish, 2008. Responsible sourcing guide: scallops.http://www.seafish.org/media/Publications/SeafishResponsibleSourcingGuide_scallops.pdf
  9. Smith, M.T., R. Forster, P. Whelpdale and E.D. Bell, 2007. Environmental variables and their influence on growth of the great scallop (Pecten maximus) in the English Channel. ICES CM 2007/G:07.http://www.ices.dk/products/AnnualRep/ASCproceedings/2007/Annual%20Science%20Conference%202007/CM-2007/G/G0707.pdf
  10. Statutory Instruments 2004 No. 12. Sea Fisheries, England. Conservation of Sea Fish: The Scallop Fishing Order 2004.http://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/2004/12/pdfs/uksi_20040012_en.pdf
  11. Szostek, C. 2012. Informing the Sustainable Management of the English Channel King Scallop Fishery, PhD research programme – Year 1 progress report, Bangor University, School of Ocean Sciences, 4 p.http://scallop-association.org.uk/images/PDF/Informing%20Sustainable%20Scallop%20Management_1st%20year%20PhD%20report.pdf
  12. Tully, O., Hervas, A., Berry, A., Hartnett, M., Sutton, G., O’Keeffe, E., Hickey, J., 2006. Monitoring and Assessment of scallops off the South East Coast of Ireland. Final Report of Project 01.SM.T1.07. 26 pphttp://cmrc.ucc.ie/publications/reports/Overview.pdf
References

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    Great Atlantic scallop - Western English Channel, United Kingdom, United Kingdom, Towed dredges

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