Profile updated on 8 March 2019





Pangasius hypophthalmus


Striped catfish


An Giang




Fresh Water


hatchery - closed cycle


  • According to MARD’s Circular 14/2016/TT-BNNPTNT, farms should be managed under a zonal approach to achieve disease-free status. MARD has developed an atlas to identify specific aquaculture production zones.
  • Carrying capacity studies conducted by the Research Institute for Aquaculture (RIA2) from 2010 - 2013 have supported the development of national pangasius production and planning strategies. The An Giang Department of Science and Technology and Nong Lam University have also conducted carrying capacity studies to support a sustainable provincial aquaculture plan.
  • The industry is represented by the Vietnam Pangasius Association (VINAPA) and the Vietnam Association of Seafood Exporters and Producers (VASEP), both of whom represent all major producers and processors and work with the government to improve the industry.
  • Under Decision No. 929/QĐ-UBND, An Giang PPC has approved a restructuring plan for aquaculture and agriculture (including pangasius production) in the province to 2020.
  • Under MARD’s Decree 55/2017/NĐ-CP, a farm coding system has been launched in order to establish a public supply-chain traceability system.
  • In March 2017, MARD issued Decision No 1038/QĐ-BNN-TY concerning a national disease monitoring plan for pangasius and shrimp for 2017 to 2020.
  • Despite the legislation concerning the introduction of zonal management approaches there appears to be little evidence of compliance with these requirements.
  • There is limited publicly available information on farm and water body water quality, disease outbreaks, and associated control measures.
  • There is limited information about compliance or enforcement of environmental, health management and disease control regulations.
  • Repeated detection of residues of nationally and internationally prohibited drugs (nitrofurans) in pangasius exports from Vietnam.
Recommendation for improvement
  • Encourage all feed companies to publicly disclose source fisheries (for example, via annual reports or sustainability reports, regularly updated websites, or via initiatives such as the Ocean Disclosure Project) - and where necessary, initiate Fishery Improvement Projects (FIPs).

  • Apply and enforce MARD’s Decree 55/2017/NĐ-CP on the traceability of products to eliminate the use of prohibited veterinary substances.

  • Approve the Circular (currently unnumbered) to guide implementation of Environment Protection Law No. 55/2014/QH13.

  • Encourage the adoption of zonal management approaches and VietGAP standards into provincial master plans for pangasius production.

  • Encourage the DAH under MARD to establish a regional disease surveillance, prevention, and control system focused on coordinated control activities and zonal approaches to disease management. Encourage the DAH to continue with plans to publish a list of disease-free zones and disease zones on their website.

  • Encourage MARD to apply Circular 14/2016/TT-BNNPTNT, which requires pangasius farms to be managed under a zonal approach and under which zones should be registered with the DAH of DARD to be certified disease-free. 


Management Quality:

regulatory framework

< 6

best practices

< 6

water quality

< 6


< 6


< 6


No related AIPs


In FishSource, information on aquaculture management is displayed at the highest resolution unit for which data is available. Ideally, information would simply be structured around an aquaculture management area (AMA) – the primary unit within which aquaculture management practices should be coordinated across a group of farms to mitigate against cumulative impacts and shared risks. Although AMAs are sometimes recognized in industry strategy and regulatory documents, they are not yet established across all aquaculture industries; so, we typically display information at the province/state level.

Pangasius - Viet Nam An Giang
Cần Thơ
Vĩnh Long
Đồng Tháp


Information Sources

Publicly available data is available from universities/institutes such as the Research Institute for Aquaculture (RIA) 2 and Can Tho University; public reports from the Vietnam Pangasius Association (VINAPA) and the Vietnam Association of Seafood Exporters and Producers (VASEP); government sources, and certification organizations. Regulations concerning aquaculture management and national and local strategies are provided by the legal normative documents website (VBQPPL), the Directorate of Fisheries (DFISH), and provincial government departments. 

Management Status

Zonal Assessment

The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD)’s Circular 14/2016/TT-BNNPTNT requires pangasius farms to be managed under a zonal approach, under which zones should be registered with the DAH of Department of Agriculture and Rural Development (DARD) to be certified disease free (Vbqppl 2017).

MARD has developed an atlas to identify specific aquaculture production zones (MARD 2017). 

According to the National Government’s Decree No. 59/2005/NĐ-CP, all farmers must hold a business license for aquaculture (Vbqppl 2017).  Farms should be located according to local aquaculture planning standards and operate according to national aquaculture, veterinary, food safety and environmental protection standards detailed in the licensing procedure and associated registration forms.

Certification and registration is the responsibility of provincial DARD offices under MARD’s Circular No. 23/2014/TT-BNNPTTN concerning MARD’s National Decree 36/2014/NĐ-CP (An Giang DARD online, 2017) (Vbqppl 2017).

As a result, of the carrying capacity study conducted by Nong Lam University, An Giang PPC has approved a restructuring plan for aquaculture and agriculture (including pangasius production) in An Giang to 2020 - Decision No. 929/QĐ-UBND. Under this plan, 1,430 hectares of pangasius farms will be established, in Long Xuyen City, Thoai Son, Tan Chau, Chau Thanh, Chau Phu, Cho Moi and Phu Tan districts.

In 2016, the Directorate of Environment submitted a final version of a Circular to guide the implementation of the national assembly’s Law of Environment Protection No. 55/2014/QH13, regarding carrying capacity, allocation of wastewater discharge quotas; pollution correction, and environmental improvements for polluted areas. This circular is currently awaiting approval from the government and has not yet received an identification number.

Scientific Advice

Water Quality: According to the Law of Environment Protection No. 55/2014/QH13, the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MONRE) is responsible for carrying capacity studies, identifying water quality and volume limits for discharge water and issuing guidance and corrective measures. At the provincial level, responsibility for these issues belongs to the Provincial People Committee (PPC). Under the National Government’s Decree No. 38/2015/NĐ-CP, the PPC is also required to publish details of water bodies that exceed their carrying capacity. From 2010-2013, RIA2 conducted a carrying capacity study for the Tien and Hau Rivers, the results of this research were used to develop a national pangasius production and planning strategy for each pangasius producing province to 2020 (Hung 2013).

Health Management: According to MARD’s Circular No. 17/2014/TT-BNNPTNT, the National Department of Animal Health (DAH) under MARD monitors the national implementation of aquatic health treatment and prevention plans, conducts training, and collaborates with local research institutes (such as RIA 2), universities (including Can Tho University, Nong Lam University), and international organizations (Vbqppl 2017).

MARD also provides advice and assistance in animal health, including forecasting animal disease and zoonotic outbreaks. DFISH also provides guidance on aquaculture planning and produces technical standards and requirements for aquaculture applications. In addition, the PPC and DARD and their lower levels (such as provincial departments of animal health and aquaculture agencies) are responsible for environmental and disease monitoring within their province.

Disease Control: DAH in collaboration with DFISH also provide guidance on the control of diseases. The DAH is also responsible for reporting outbreaks of animal disease to MARD as regulated by MARD’s Circular No. 17/2014/TT-BNNPTNT (Vbqppl 2017).

Managers' Decisions

The Vietnam Directorate of Fishery (DFISH) is responsible for developing the master plan for pangasius production and national technical standards for aquaculture. 

Water Quality: An Giang PPC is responsible for water use and wastewater discharge approval. Water use permission licenses are valid for 15 years and discharge water permission licenses are valid for 10 years as regulated in Decision No. 38/2015/QĐ-UBND. In December 2014, MARD approved Decision No. 5204 /QĐ-BNN-TCTS of DFISH concerning the environmental monitoring of shrimp, pangasius, tilapia and clam farms. The timeframe for this project is from 2015 2020. However, there is no publicly available information on the progress of this project (Fistenet 2014)

Health Management: A national disease prevention and treatment plan for pangasius have been introduced under MARD’s Decision No. 4995/QĐ-BNN-TY. The DAH has developed guidance No. 927/TY-TS in 2015 to implement this Decision.  In March 2017, MARD approved the national plan of disease control plan for pangasius and shrimp for 2017 to 2020 in Decision No. 1038/QĐ-BNN-TY (Vbqppl 2017). Under this plan, the government and farmers are required to monitor disease and environment indicators, perform disease checks by spot-sampling, and collaborate on disease control (Vbqppl 2017).

Disease Control: The competent authorities responsible for the use of 1) chemicals in aquaculture and 2) veterinary drugs are identified - the DAH and the Department/Directorate of Fisheries and the DAH respectively(ASEAN Secretariat 2013). The use of chemicals and drugs is regulated by MARD under Decision 10/2007/QĐ-BTS which includes a list of approved chemicals (Vbqppl 2017).

Management Thresholds

Water Quality: MARD’s Circular 44/2010/TT-BNNPTNT and National Technical Standards QCVN 02-20:2014/BNNPTNT regulate pangasius production sites to ensure food safety and set in-pond and discharge water quality limits (Vbqppl 2017). MONRE’s Circular 36/2015/TT-BTNMT and the national government’s Decree No. 38/2015/NĐ-CP regulate toxic waste management (Vbqppl 2017). Water quality criteria for different types of public waterbodies are also described in MARD’s Circular 44/2010/TT-BNNPTNT and have been incorporated into VietGAP standards. Annex 3B. VietGAP Criteria. No. 2.1 and 4.2.2 outline in-pond water quality and wastewater quality respectively.

Health Management: Limits to stocking density are set by MARD’s Circular 44/2010/TT-BNNPTNT and National Technical Standards QCVN 02-20:2014/BNNPTNT. Under VietGAP, farms must comply with the existing regulations and have a fish health plan written by a fish health specialist or a veterinarian.

Disease Control: The use of the antibiotics nitrofuran, chloramphenicol, dimetridazole/metronidazole and enrofloxacin; the disinfectant, malachite green, and cypermethrin; the chemotherapeutant, trichlorfon; and the piscicide deltamethrin are prohibited (ASEAN Secretariat 2013). VASEP summarizes multiple MARD Circulars concerning the use of chemicals, antibiotics, and bioproducts - and has produced lists of chemicals and antibiotics banned for use in fishery production, trading, and veterinary use. Restricted chemicals and antibiotics - including maximum residue levels (MRL) are also identified (VASEP 2014).  

Industry and Management Performance


Despite the previous requirement under MARD’s National Decree 36/2014/NĐ-CP and Circular No. 23/2014/TT-BNNPTTN for all farms to be VietGAP (or another international standard) certified by 2015, only 22 farms are certified to these standards in An Giang (ASC 2017)(GAA 2017)(GlobalG.A.P. 2017)(VietGAP 2016)(VietGAP 2017). 

VietGAP requirements have now been postponed and MARD's Decree 36/2014/NĐ-CP has been replaced by Decree 55/2017/NĐ-CP (Vbqppl 2017). 

Current Performance

Water Quality: Following the findings of carrying capacity study in An Giang conducted from 2012 to 2014, the main sources of pollution were identified as household sources and seafood processing plants. Sludge from ponds is still discharged into the environment (Linh 2015). It should be noted that pollution in the lower Mekong basin is due to multiple factors. 

Health Management: Disease remains the most important issue for pangasius production in Vietnam. The most common is the bacterial disease, Enteric Septicemia, (ESC) caused by Edwardsiella ictaluri (Crumlish et al. 2002). This disease can result in mortalities of fingerlings up to 90% (Thanh Cong, 2015). According to Circular 38/2012/TT-BNNPTNT, outbreaks of this disease must be reported (Vbqppl 2017).

General data on mortality rates are not available for An Giang. However, for the Mekong Delta, mortality was typically up to 30 % during the early to mid-stages of production and less than 10 % in later stages, mainly as the result of disease and poor weather conditions (Halls and Johns 2013).

Disease Control: Farms owned by companies have qualified fish health specialists. However, most small-scale farmers rely on their own experience and use of chemical/drugs for disease control measures. The European Commission’s (EC) Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed (RASFF) includes six notifications (from 2015 onwards) of border rejections, alerts or information for attention concerning the presence of nitrofurans in pangasius product from Vietnam (classified as serious). It should be noted that the province that this product comes from is not stated (European Commission 2018).

Trends in Performance

Water Quality: No information available.

Health Management: Water exchange is the most commonly used disease prevention measure. ESC was first detected in intensive pangasius ponds in Vietnam in 1998 and now affects several Mekong Delta provinces, including An Giang, Dong Thap and Can Tho (Thanh 2015).

Disease Control: ESC may be treated with antibiotics and other pharmaceuticals but recent reports suggest that resistance to treatment is increasing (Thanh and Berntsen 2012). Almost all (97.5 %) strains of E. ictaluri are now resistant to commonly used treatments (trimethoprim, oxytetracycline, and streptomycin) and there is reduced sensitivity to flumequine, oxolinic and acid and enrofloxacin (Thanh and Berntsen 2012). According to the E. C’s RASFF portal, from 2008-2014, there were several notifications concerning the detection of prohibited veterinary drugs (Nitrofurans) in pangasius from Vietnam – all of which took place in 2014, were classified as serious, and resulted in border rejections (European Commission 2018).

Improvement Plans

Water Quality: No information available.

Health Management: No information available.

Disease Control: A disease prevention and treatment plan for pangasius from 2015 to 2020 has been included in MARD’s Decision No. 4995/QĐ-BNN-TY (Vbqppl 2017). The DAH has developed guidance No. 927/TY-TS in 2015 to implement this national plan (Vbqppl 2017). In order to improve traceability and the planning of production, and to comply with MARD’s Decree no. 36/2014/NĐ-CP, by May 2016 farms require an individual identification code.


Regulatory Framework

The regulatory system addresses risks to and from aquaculture through a zonal approach to siting, licensing, and production management.

Aquaculture enterprises require a business license that meets the conditions prescribed and published by the national government’s Decree No. 59/2005/NĐ-CP (Vbqppl 2017). The An Giang PPC has approved a restructuring plan for aquaculture and agriculture (including pangasius production) in An Giang to 2020 - Decision No. 929/QĐ-UBND (Vbqppl 2017). The EIA procedure is outlined under Decree No. 18/2015/NĐ-CP (Vbqppl 2017). The number of registered aquaculture licenses and the results of EIAs are not made publically available.

Farms should be managed under a zonal approach as regulated in MARD’s Circular 14/2016/TT-BNNPTNT (Vbqppl 2017). All farms must possess a business license to operate; however, the licensing procedure does not currently include zonal management considerations. Under the PPC's Decree No. 18/2015/NĐ-CP only farms with a surface area > 10 ha and extensive farms >50 ha require an EIA report (Vbqppl 2017).

MARD and MONRE have regional sub-departments such as An Giang DONRE and DARD. In addition, DAH, DFISH, Sub DAH and other aquaculture agencies at the provincial level are responsible for collaborating to enforce MARD’s Decision No. 4995/QĐ-BNN-TY on disease control (Vbqppl 2017). An Giang DARD is responsible for developing an annual plan for the pangasius industry, convening meetings, gathering feedback, and liaising with the National Government to review regulations (Vbqppl 2017). An Giang DONRE is responsible for monitoring of environmental issues. The PPC is the lead organization for the approval of EIAs and is regulated by the National Government’s  Decree 18/2015/NĐ-CP (Vbqppl 2017). However, there is little evidence of enforcement of farm license conditions.

Organized Producers Following Code of Good Practice

The presence of an active producer organization representative of the whole industry and establishment of a Code of Good Practice.

VietGAP is the national standard Code of Good Practice (CoGP). The number of VietGAP certified farms is available through the VietGAP portal, which shows that there is very limited compliance to these standards (VietGAP 2016). The industry is represented by VASEP and VINAPA (VASEP 2018)(VINAPA 2017). Details on individual VASEP members (name, contact details and product) are available via the VASEP website through the “find your suppliers” tab. Details on VINAPA members (name and logo) are available via the VINAPA website (VASEP 2018)(VINAPA 2017).

VietGAP standards currently focus on the individual farm, rather than zonal-level. Both VASEP and VINAPA include both large and small scale producers (VASEP 2014)(VINAPA 2017). 

Previously, the National Government’s Decree No. 36/2014/NĐ-CP required that all pangasius farms shall apply and be certified to VietGAP standards (or equivalent international standards) by Dec 31st, 2015. However, this was replaced by Decree No. 55/2017/NĐ-CP in 2017 - which states that VIETGAP is no longer compulsory (Vbqppl 2017). VASEP and VINAPA do not require members adhere to the CoGP, but encourage producers to follow these standards (VASEP 2014)(VINAPA 2017).

Water Quality Management

The impact of aquaculture on the quality of public water resources is managed.

Monthly water quality monitoring reports are publicly available for two sites in An Giang (the Tien and Hau rivers) via the DONRE website (DONRE 2017)(DONRE-An Giang 2009).

Water quality criteria for different types of public waterbodies are described in MARD’s Circular 44/2010/TT-BNNPTNT and national standards e.g. VietGAP (Vbqppl 2017). From 2010 - 2013, RIA2 conducted a carrying capacity study for the Tien and Hau rivers, with the results used to review pangasius production planning to 2020 (Hung 2013).

Enforcement agencies such as MARD and MONRE are identifiable but there is little evidence of monitoring, compliance data, or penalties for infringement. 

Disease Impact and Risk Reduction

Industry is protected from catastrophic losses through best practice disease management on farm and at the zone level.

In 2016, the DAH released a report on aquaculture health management (DAH 2016). Mortality and fish health are recorded by individual farms and government agencies; however, this information is not publicly available. The DAH also plans to publish a list of disease-free zones and disease zones via their website. 

There is a national disease control plan for 2017 to 2020 as regulated by DAH’s Decision No. 1038/QĐ-BNN-TY (Vbqppl 2017). However, only certified farms implement biosecurity measures. MARD’s Circular No. 14/2016/TT-BNNPTNT concerning applications for disease-free zone status came into force in 2016 (Vbqppl 2017).  Disease management is coordinated across the industry for emergency disease situations; however, it lacks the participation of the whole industry (VINAPA 2016). 

There is no information concerning the enforcement of disease regulations at the farm level under DAH’s national disease plan for 2017-2020. There is no evidence of enforcement of MARD’s Circular No. 14/2016/TT-BNNPTNT concerning applications for disease-free zone status. However, awareness building and training workshops have been conducted (VINAPA 2016)

Marine Feed Ingredient Management

The fishmeal and oil in aquaculture feed is sourced from well managed or improving fisheries.

BAP certified feed companies can be identified through the GAA’s BAP certification site (GAA 2017). Other feed companies supplying can also be identified. The major companies supplying feed can be identified. These include Vietthang (Vietthnang 2017), Proconco (Pronconco 2017), Co May (Co May 2017), Cargill (under EWOS Vietnam) (Cargill 2017), Viet Tien Fishmeal company, and CP Vietnam (CP Vietnam 2017). However, only Cargill discloses its source fisheries through annual reports and SFP’s ODP(EWOS 2016)(SFP 2017)

CP and Cargill produce annual sustainability reports which outline their commitment and progress with regards to the improvement of source fisheries (CP 2016)(EWOS 2016). The Viet Tien Fishmeal Company, who provide fishmeal to Vietthang, are participants in the Ben Tre FIP (ICAFIS 2016)(SFP 2017) and are committed to making improvements in their source fisheries.


To see data for Production, please view this site on a desktop.
To see data for Water Quality Monitoring, please view this site on a desktop.
No data available for Disease Reporting
No data available for Disease Reporting
Data Notes

Number of farms - VINAPA has created a website to map Pangasius farming ponds. The map currently displays around 420 ponds in An Giang (VINAPA 2017).

Number of waterbodies used for aquaculture with public reporting - Public monthly reports of water quality for two sites in An Giang (the Tien and Hau rivers) are available via the DONRE website (DONRE 2017).

Aquaculture Improvement Projects (AIPs)

No related AIPs

Certifications & Codes of Good Practice

Certified Farms

To see data for Certified Farms, please view this site on a desktop.

Certified Production

No data available
No data available

Data Notes

Other in the Certified Farms graph is VietGAP

Certified Farms

The information presented here is based on publicly available information from the respective certification websites. The unit of certification varies between the different Certification schemes.

  • For ASC,  we report only the number of farms that are listed as certified on their website. We do not include farms that are in assessment.
  • For BAP, we report only the farms that are certified. We do not include hatcheries, processing facilities, or farms in the iBAP program.
  • For GlobalG.A.P., we report the number of fish farming companies that are certified. The number of farms operated by companies certified by GlobalG.A.P is not publicly available. We do not include certified companies that only operate hatcheries. 

Production Volume

  • The ASC does publish certified production volume by country, but data is not available at the province/state level. Information presented here is manually compiled from publicly available certification audits on a semi-annual basis.
  •  Certified production volume data is not publicly available from BAP or GlobalG.A.P.



An Giang province is situated in the Mekong Delta region of southern Vietnam. The Tien and Hau rivers flow through the province. The province presents many opportunities for the development of aquaculture. In addition to pangasius farming, various agricultural and industrial activities also take place, which could risk exceeding the carrying capacity of the ecosystem, if the cumulative impacts of all industries are not adequately managed.

Biology of farmed stock

Originally, the supply of pangasius broodstock depended on wild-caught animals. Research into the artificial propagation of pangasius in Vietnam began in 1978, but the first successful artificial propagation did not occur until May 1995. By 1999, Vietnam had established a successful pangasius breeding program. Since this time, pangasius culture in Vietnam has increased dramatically. Currently, most broodstock is sourced from hatcheries, where fully-domesticated broodfish (i.e. closed life cycle) are replaced approximately every 2-3 years (VASEP 2014)

Fish farming history

Cage rearing originated in Lake Tonlesap in Cambodia and initially took place in Chau Doc, Tan Chau (An Giang province) and Hong Ngu (Dong Thap province) in the 1950s. Cage rearing reached a peak in 2004 with 2,333 units. Cage culture was replaced by extensive cage culture, which eventually shifted to pens, and then pond-based systems. in the 1970's. Almost all pangasius production for export is produced in pond systems (VASEP 2014).

Laws and Institutions

In Vietnam, government policies are defined in laws, decrees, ordinances, circulars, and regulations, with the latter often at the provincial level (MOFI and WB 2005). Policies and decisions are created via a process of vertical and horizontal consensus building (Shanks et al. 2004). 

In summary, all major policy decisions passed at the national level are reviewed and approved at the provincial/city level through locally specified decisions and guidelines to support implementation.  

Law - Responsible institutions - Relevant Activities

National Fisheries Law (Law No. 17/2003/QH11) - MOFI, now MARD - Management of the capture fisheries and aquaculture sectors. 
Decision No. 3824/QĐ-BNN-TCTS - MARD - VietGAP standard for aquaculture.
Decree No. 36/2014/NĐ-CP and Circular No. 23/2014/TT-BNNPTTN  - MARD - Regulations on raising, processing, and exporting pangasius.
Circular No. 44/2010/TT-BNNPTNT - MARD - Regulations on food safety and hygiene-guaranteed intensive pangasius production.
Decision No. 3885/QĐ-BNN-TCTS - MARD -Regulations on the approval of pangasius production and processing plan for the  Mekong Delta until 2020.
Veterinary Law No. 79/2015/QH13 - National Assembly - Regulations on the prevention, treatment, and control of animal diseases; animal quarantine, animal products; control of animal slaughter, processing, processing of animals and animal products; veterinary hygiene inspection; & management of veterinary medicine.
Circular No. 14/2016/TT-BNNPTNT  - MARD - Regulations and procedures to certify an animal disease safety zone/site  As well as the organization and identification of those who need to develop and apply for a certification for disease safety zones.
Official Correspondence No. 927/TY-TS - DAH - Guidance on pangasius disease prevention and treatment.
Circular No. 71/2011/TT-BNNPTNT, National technical standards QCVN 01 - 80: 2011/BNNPTNT (grow out farms) and QCVN 01 - 81: 2011/BNNPTNT (nurseries and hatcheries) - MARD - Aquaculture for human consumption.
Decision No. 4995/QĐ-BNN-TY - MARD - The approval of national disease prevention, monitoring and treatment plan for pangasius.
National Technical Standards TCVN 10300:2014 - MARD - Regulations on compound feed for pangasius and tilapia.
Decree No. 201/2013/NĐ-CP - National Assembly - Regulations on water use and limits for discharge water.
Law No. 52/2005/QH11 and No. 55/2014/QH13 - National Assembly - Policies, measures, and resources to protect the environment; rights, obligations, and responsibilities of agencies, organizations, households, and individuals in environmental protection.
Law No. 17/2012/QH13 - National Assembly - Regulating management, protection, exploration, and use of water resource.
Circular No. 27/2015/TT-BTNMT and Circular No. 09/2014/TT-BNNPTTN - MONRE and MARD - Strategic environment assessment, environment impact assessment and environment protection reporting.
Law No. 20/2008/QH12 - National Assembly- Biodiversity.

Management Timetable

Due to problems with price, An Giang is promoting greater links within the industry, with producers encouraged to be part of a production cooperative. The industry is focusing on the production of quality fingerlings and fish, with commercial fish farmers encouraged to apply for certification such as BAP, GlobalG.A.P, ASC, and VietGAP. Recently, An Giang has invested in a project “socialization of GlobalGAP fingerlings in An Giang from 2011 to 2015” to supply grow-out ponds in the Mekong Delta(Van 2016).


Producers & Processors

Pangasius is being farmed in several districts in An Giang. As well as grow out producers, there are hatcheries and nurseries. There are currently sixteen companies with twenty-three processing plants (Ngo 2015). 

There are also multiple Institutions involved the legislation, policy development, research, and environmental monitoring of pangasius culture.


The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD). Relevant departments/institutions under MARD include:

  • Science, Technology and Environment Department
  • Planning Department
  • Legislation Department
  • Directorate of Water Resources
  • Directorate of Fisheries (including Department of Aquaculture; Centre for Aquaculture Input Testing, Inspection and Verifying; Fisheries Information Center; Department of Capture Fisheries and Resources Protection; and Viet Nam Institute of Fisheries Economics and Planning)
  • Department of Processing and Trade for Agro-Forestry-Fisheries Products and Salt Production
  • National Agro-Forestry-Fisheries Quality Assurance Department (NAFIQAD), formally known as the National Fisheries Quality Assurance and Veterinary Directorate (NAFIQAVED) prior to 2007 (6 branches nationwide)
  • Department of Animal Health
  • International Cooperation Department
  • Centre for Information and Statistics
  • National Centre for Agriculture and Fisheries Extension
  • National Centre for Rural Water Supply and Environmental Sanitation
  • Vietnam Agriculture Newspaper
  • Vietnam Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development
  • Research Institute for Aquaculture II (RIA2)
  • Institute of Policy and Strategy for Agriculture and Rural Development (IPSARD)

Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MONRE). Relevant departments/institutions under MONRE include:

  • Department of Legislation
  • Agency for Land Management
  • Agency for Environment
  • Department of Water Resources Management
  • Department of Meteorology and Climate Change
  • Agency for Survey and Mapping
  • Department Information Technology
  • Vietnam Environment Administration (and its Centre for Environmental Monitoring)

Ministry of Planning and Investment (including General Statistical Office and the Central Institute for Economic Management)

Ministry of Labor, Invalids and Social Affairs

Ministry of Science and Technology

Government Inspectorate - a ministerial-level agency fulfilling the function of state management of inspection.

Provincial Organisations

At the provincial level, Departments of Agriculture and Rural Development (DARD) operate as local branches of the Ministry, in partnership with Provincial People’s Committees.

  • Provincial Department of Animal Health
  • Aquaculture Agency
  • Provincial Department of Natural Resource Environment
  • Fisheries and Aquaculture Associations

Professional Associations, local NGOs

  • Vietnam Pangasius Association (VINAPA)
  • Vietnam’s Association of Seafood Exporters and Producers (VASEP)
  • Vietnam’s Fisheries Association (VINAFIS)
  • International Collaborating Centre for Aquaculture and Fisheries Sustainability (ICAFIS)
  • Centre for Research Resources and Rural Development (RECERD)
  • Centre for Marine Life Conservation and Community Development (MCD)




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