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Last updated on 26 July 2018

SUMMARY

SUMMARY

IDENTIFICATION

SCIENTIFIC NAME(s)

Penaeus monodon

SPECIES NAME(s)

Giant tiger prawn

JURISDICTION

Khulna

PREDOMINANT PRODUCTION SYSTEM

Pond

WATER SOURCE

Brackish

JUVENILE SOURCE

hatchery - wild broodstock


ANALYSIS

Strengths
  • The industry has acknowledged the importance of aquaculture zoning in national water and fisheries policies, the DoF shrimp sub-strategy, and the national shrimp policy 2014.
  • The industry is characterized by extensive or improved extensive production of giant tiger prawn, with farms viewed as net nutrient sinks.
  • The Bangladesh Shrimp and Fish Farmers Association (BSFF) have produced a voluntary Code of Conduct (CoC) and Good Aquaculture Practices (GAP) for shrimp farming. 
Weaknesses
  • There is a lack of information on current compliance with licensing/registration requirements and with the CoC and GAP standards.
  • There is a lack of information on water quality, disease outbreaks, and control methods.
  • There are issues with Post Larvae (PL) quality due to the industry’s reliance on wild-sourced broodstock and a lack of PL screening.
  • There are reports of the continued use of banned chemicals in hatchery production and the presence of prohibited substances in the exported product.
  • There are concerns over the impact of shrimp farming on the degradation of agricultural land through salinization and mangrove loss.
Recommendation for improvement
  • Encourage feed companies to publicly disclose source fisheries (for example, via annual reports or sustainability reports, regularly updated websites, or via initiatives such as the Ocean Disclosure Project), and, where necessary, initiate Fishery Improvement Projects (FIPs).

  • Encourage making Environmental Impact Assessments (EIA) and the awarding of Environmental Clearance Certificates (ECC) mandatory for all aquaculture enterprises (as opposed to aquaculture processors). EIA compliance should be monitored with the results made publicly reported. 

  • Encourage greater water quality and disease reporting at the provincial-level to the appropriate national and international bodies. For disease, these should include the OIE and NACA.

  • Encourage the inclusion of zonal approaches into future revisions of the National Shrimp Policy, CoC and GAP standards and make adoption of these standards mandatory.

  • Encourage the production of a coastal zoning plan that identifies specific zones suitable for shrimp farming to inform farm siting and effectively integrate aquaculture with other resource users.


FISHSOURCE SCORES

Management Quality:

regulatory framework

< 6

best practices

< 6

water quality

< 6

disease

< 6

feed

< 6


AIPS

No related AIPs

AQUACULTURE MANAGEMENT UNITS

In FishSource, information on aquaculture management is displayed at the highest resolution unit for which data is available. Ideally, information would simply be structured around an aquaculture management area (AMA) – the primary unit within which aquaculture management practices should be coordinated across a group of farms to mitigate against cumulative impacts and shared risks. Although AMAs are sometimes recognized in industry strategy and regulatory documents, they are not yet established across all aquaculture industries; so, we typically display information at the province/state level.

Country
Provinces
AMA
Shrimp - Bangladesh Khulna

ANALYSIS

Information Sources

There is limited information on the current management of shrimp culture in Bangladesh and Khulna Division. A National Shrimp Policy was published by the MoFL in 2014. Following this, a Code of Conduct (CoC) for the shrimp industry was produced by the Department of Fisheries (DoF) and the Bangladesh Shrimp and Fish Farmers Association (BSFF) in 2015. Good Aquaculture Practices (GAP) for shrimp culture and nursery management have also been produced (in bangla) by BSFF. Fisheries statistical reports are available from Bangladesh Fisheries Information Share (BdFISH) - hosted by the Department of Fisheries, University of Rajshahi.

Information on the current status and trends in water quality, health management, and disease control was provided by a variety of sources, including open access scientific papers and the Monterey Bay Aquarium’s recent Seafood Watch report on shrimp and prawn production in Bangladesh.

Limited qualitative information concerning diseases is available from the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS) database and the Network of Aquaculture Centers in Asia Pacific’s (NACA) Quarterly Aquatic Animal Disease (QAAD) reports. 

Management Status

Zonal Assessment

Despite numerous high-level regulatory acknowledgments of the importance of zonal management, the approach has not yet been implemented for shrimp farming. A farm-based management approach has been achieved through the introduction of a National Shrimp Policy and a voluntary CoC and GAPs for shrimp farming (BSFF 2017)(DoF and BSFF 2015)(MoFL 2014). 

Licensing: Under the MoFL National Shrimp Policy (approved in August 2014), and the CoC, shrimp producers are required to register with the government (DoF) (DoF and BSFF 2015)(Karim 2014)(MoFL 2014)(Tasnoova et al. 2015). Aquaculture license application forms are available from the MoFL website (MoFL 2017) . 

The Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) procedure is published under the Environment Conservation Rules, 1997. Fish and shrimp farms are not included in the list of industries requiring an Environmental Clearance Certificate (ECC). However, fish, prawn and shrimp processing is classified under the Orange-B category, which requires a detailed EIA and the submission of environmental management plans to the Department of the Environment (DoE) before receiving an ECC (FAO 2018). 

At the regulatory level, the following highlight the need for zonal management:

The National Water Policy (1999) states that “brackish aquaculture will be confined to specific zones designated by the Government for this purpose”(DoF 2006)(MoWR 1999). 

The National Fisheries Policy (1998) acknowledges the need for defining zones where shrimp should be considered in conjunction with the Ministry of Environment (MoE) (DoF 2006)(MoFL 1998).

The DoF’s Shrimp Sub-Strategy states that shrimp production will only take place in “areas where the prevailing agro-ecological conditions are suitable” and that shrimp farming should not “adversely affect the interests of other land and water user groups or cause environmental harm". The strategy also recommends the identification of zones for brackish water shrimp production (DoF 2006).

The National Shrimp Policy calls for the integration of shrimp farming with other sectors in coastal areas and the introduction of the shrimp farm zoning (MoFL 2014)

 

Scientific Advice

The Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock (MoFL) through its Department of Fisheries (DoF) is responsible for fisheries and aquaculture development, management and conservation (FAO 2005).

The DoF is supported by scientific advice produced by the government's Bangladesh Fisheries Research Institute (BFRI) whose aims include advising the government in all matters relating to research and management of living aquatic resources, technology transfer, and training. It includes a shrimp research station at Bagherhat in Khulna (BFFI 2017)(FAO 2005).

The Bangladesh Fisheries Development Corporation (BFDC), supports the DoF and the national seafood industry, including the processing, distribution, and marketing of aquatic products (FAO 2005).

Recently, the BSFF produced a CoC for 10 segments of the Shrimp Aquaculture Industry in Bangladesh in association with the DoF, as well as a GAP (in bangla) for shrimp culture (BSFF 2017)(DoF and BSFF 2015). The BSFF have also published shrimp nursery management guidelines in association with USAID and WorldFish (BSFF 2017).

Managers' Decisions

Water Quality: Chapter 5 of The National Water Act (2013) advocates the management of water resources according to their use, namely, industrial, agricultural, aquaculture and hatcheries (MoL 2010). The DoF’s shrimp sub-strategy calls for shrimp production to be conducted via integrated methods (such as rice/shrimp/fish culture) and semi-intensive production; the latter is limited to designated areas with a cap on the total amount of land available for this type of system (DoF 2006). The CoC states that farms should “dispose of wastewater in an environmentally responsible way” (DoF and BSFF 2015). Schedule 3 of the MoE’s rules for the conservation of the environment sets parameters for inland surface water for various uses including aquaculture (FAO 2018)(Mondal et al. 2015).The National Shrimp Policy calls for an integrated approach to shrimp farming in coastal areas and an end to saltwater seepage into agricultural land (MoFL 2014)

Health Management: The Fish and Fish Product (Inspection and Quality Control) Ordinance 1983 prohibits the export of fish and fishery products without a health certificate (FAO 2005). The National Shrimp Policy calls for a shrimp seed certification process and the introduction of Specific Pathogen Free (SPF) PL (MoFL 2014). The use of imported Post Larvae (PL) has stopped and the use of Specific Pathogen Resistant (SPF) or Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) tested PL is encouraged.

Disease Control: The CoC outlines Best Aquaculture Practices (BAP) for seafood processing plants - outlining recommended food safety testing procedures and standards for antibiotics and chemicals in raw materials and processed products - as well as recommended testing procedures and limits for microbes in seafood products (DoF and BSFF 2015). The testing of shrimp and shrimp products for veterinary drug residues is a pre-requisite for export products. Pesticide and chemical use (including veterinary drug use) should be in accordance with national and export destination regulations (DoF and BSFF 2015). Both the CoC and BSFF GAP provide a list of banned and permitted chemicals, as well as their associated maximum residue limits (MRL) (BSFF 2017)(DoF and BSFF 2015).

The CoC also advocates a traceability system for all shrimp products exported to the EU or US markets. This requires all shrimp product to be labeled or identified and processing plants to employ codes and records of suppliers in order to ensure the full traceability of raw materials (DoF and BSFF 2015).

Management Thresholds

Water Quality: Both the CoC and GAP have established farm-level wastewater quality parameters for giant tiger shrimp farms and hatcheries (BSFF 2017)(DoF and BSFF 2015)(Seafood Watch 2017).

Health Management: The CoC outlines biosecurity measures for both shrimp hatcheries and farms, including those concerning traceability – such as keeping records on the source of stock (broodstock and PL) and product destination. Hatcheries are required to test all broodstock for viruses, pathogens, and contaminants. Farms are required to avoid the “introduction of potential disease-carrying vectors (crabs, other shrimp species, etc.)” by minimizing water exchange (DoF and BSFF 2015).

Disease Control: Antibiotics, drugs and other chemicals that are banned in Bangladesh or potential export destinations are prohibited. Chemicals that are restricted due to their potential health hazard potential should be avoided. Approved chemicals and drugs should be used as directed on product labels, and not for prophylactic use. The withdrawal period for any drug should also be followed. Farms should only use nationally and internationally approved additives, preservatives and growth promoters (DoF and BSFF 2015). A list of approved and prohibited drugs for aquaculture use according to the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the EU are provided in both the CoC and GAP (BSFF 2017)(DoF and BSFF 2015)

Industry and Management Performance

Compliance

It is not possible to assess producer compliance with license requirements due to a lack of information. Despite the requirement to register farms with the DoF, a substantial number of farms have not been registered (Tasnoova et al. 2015). There is no indication of the number of farms registered or of adherence to BSFF’s voluntary CoC or GAP standards. 

Current Performance

Water Quality: According to Ahmed (2013) and Debnath et al, (2013), most shrimp ponds are classified as extensive or improved extensive (Ahmed 2013)(Debnath et al. 2013). As a result, they are regarded as net removers of nutrients, resulting in lower levels of nitrogen and phosphorus levels in discharge water and the retention of nutrients in the pond ecosystems (Rouf et al. 2013)(Seafood Watch 2017).

Health Management: A recent study by Bhowmick and Crumlish (2016) reports that there is a current lack of bio-security measures for both extensive and semi-intensive systems. Famers reported that WSD was the main cause of losses based on an observation of clinical signs and symptoms. Disease risk factors included the sharing of water sources with other farms, the use of unscreened PL, high salinity levels, shallow ponds, and a lack of in-pond nursing (Bhowmick and Crumlish 2017). The main disease of concern is white spot disease (WSD), which was first detected in Bangladesh in 1994 and was probably introduced via the import of infected PL (Bhowmick and Crumlish 2017). WSD appears to be more prevalent in southwest Bangladesh (Khulna) (Seafood Watch 2017).

The industry’s susceptibility to WSD is affected by its reliance on wild-sourced broodstock, which is often a carrier of this disease (Seafood Watch 2017). Other diseases reported by giant tiger shrimp farmers are Black gill disease, Black spot disease, and Brown spot disease (Jahan et al. 2016).

Disease Control: A range of disinfectants, antibiotics, and pesticides are used, however, chemical use is low compared to other Asian countries due to extensive nature of the systems ((Ali et al, 2016). The most commonly used chemicals include calcium oxide (liming) and zeolite for soil and water treatment and chlorine as a disinfectant (Ali et al. 2016)(Seafood Watch 2017). Shrimp hatcheries have been recorded as using various antibiotics including those prohibited by the CoC and export markets such as chloramphenicol (Islam 2008). The United States (US) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently published an import alert (No. 16-129), concerning Detention Without Physical Examination (DWPE) for a list of firms from multiple countries, due to the historic presence of nitrofurans in imported seafood (including reference to shrimp from Khulna in 2016)(FDA 2018).

From 2015 to 2018 the European Commission’s, Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed (RASFF) portal records four occasions when shrimp testing positive for prohibited substances (either nitrofurans or malachite green); although the state of origin is noted. All of these were classified as serious (European Commission 2018)

Trends in Performance

Water Quality: Despite the view of extensive shrimp ponds as nutrient sinks there are concerns over the impact of shrimp culture on other aspects of water quality. Most notably, repeated concerns over the degradation and salinization of agricultural land (IMF 2013)(Islam 2008)(Paul and Vogl 2011)(Seafood Watch 2017). In addition, there is an increasing demand for the use of supplemental pelleted feed which is likely to lead to higher organic effluent loads (Portley 2016).

Health Management: A crucial step in shrimp health management is the selection of quality PL. Bhowmick and Crumlish (2016) observed that farmers using Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) tested PL by WorldFish reported better survival rates than those that did not (Bhowmick and Crumlish 2017). The import of PL has stopped; however, WSD is now endemic to Bangladesh in both farmed and wild shrimp populations (Seafood Watch 2017)(World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) 2017). Until recently, Bangladesh was unaffected by Acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease (AHPND) (OIE, WAHIS, 2017). However, recent media reports indicate its presence (Ramsden 2018)

Disease Control: Under the Bangladesh Environment Act and its subsequent regulations, shrimp exporters require quality control licenses issued by the Bangladesh Standards and Testing Institute (BSTI) (Khatun 2013). The DoF has gradually introduced a laboratory-based quality control system for inspection of export consignments known as the Fish Inspection and Quality Control Laboratories; of which one laboratory is based in Khulna (Islam et al. 2016). A National Residue Monitoring Control Plan (NRCP) has been established in order to test for the presence of banned antibiotics in shrimp products, feed and feed ingredients (Hassan et al. 2013). It is not clear if these three systems are linked or are independent of each other. 

Improvement Plans

According to the National Aquaculture Development Strategy and Action Plan for Bangladesh (2013-2020), an aquaculture information and communication support system was planned by the end of 2016, which was to be accessible to all local DoF and association offices by 2020 (FAO and Government of Bangladesh 2014).

Health Management: No information available.

Disease Control: No information available. 

Scores

Regulatory Framework

The regulatory system addresses risks to and from aquaculture through a zonal approach to siting, licensing, and production management.

The EIA and ECC procedure is published under the Environment Conservation Rules, 1997, but these do not include shrimp or fish farms (FAO 2018). The results of ECC applications are available for registered users via the DoE website (DoE 2012).

In 2014, the MoFL introduced a National Shrimp Policy, under which shrimp producers should register with the government via application forms available from the MoFL website(MoFL 2014)(MoFL 2017). However, the results of applications are not publicly available. Due to concerns over salinization, the National Shrimp Policy discourages shrimp production in agricultural and forested areas (MoFL 2014). The policy also suggests that an EIA and ECC should be mandatory for shrimp farms (Sajal 2016).

All farms are required to register with the MoFL (DoF and BSFF 2015)(Karim 2014)(MoFL 2014)(Tasnoova et al. 2015). However, neither an EIA and ECC are not applied to fish or shrimp farms (Phillips et al., 2009). Fish, prawn and shrimp processing is categorized under Orange-B, which requires a detailed EIA and the submission of environmental management plans to the Department of the Environment (DoE) before receiving an ECC (FAO 2018).

The beginnings of a farm-based regulatory approach have been achieved through the introduction of registration, the National Shrimp Policy, and a voluntary CoC and GAPs for shrimp farming, but there is no evidence of compliance or enforcement of these standards (BSFF 2017)(DoF and BSFF 2015)(MoFL 2014).

Organized Producers Following Code of Good Practice

The presence of an active producer organization representative of the whole industry and establishment of a Code of Good Practice.

A producer organization – the BSFF is identifiable. The BSFF serve as “a focal point between government, the private sector, stakeholders and other institutions concerning research and education in the shrimp and fisheries sector” (BSFF 2017).

Voluntary CoC for shrimp hatcheries and farms have been established by the DoF and BSFF. CoC certificates for shrimp hatcheries, farms, processors and distributors are subject to a DoF audit (DoF and BSFF 2015). Voluntary GAP standards have also been produced (BSFF 2017). There is no information on compliance with either CoC and GAP standards.

The BSFF have produced a voluntary CoC and a GAP (in bangla) (BSFF 2017)(DoF and BSFF 2015). BSFF partners are identifiable, but there is no information on whether the BSFF represents both large and small-scale producers (BSFF 2017).  

BSFF membership/partnership rules are not available. The BSFF CoC and GAP are voluntary. The government of Bangladesh in association with the FAO have published a National Aquaculture Development Strategy 2013-2020. By the end of 2020, the strategy states that CoC and GAP standards will be adopted by all aquaculture associations (FAO and Government of Bangladesh 2014).  

Water Quality Management

The impact of aquaculture on the quality of public water resources is managed.

There have been five national river water quality reports, the most recent being 2014 (Mondal et al 2015). These reports measured various water quality parameters at 63 stations along 27 rivers in Bangladesh, including some that are located in Khulna. There is no comprehensive information on the quality of water bodies located in Khulna or for shrimp farms.

Schedule 3 of the MoE’s rules for the conservation of the environment sets parameters for inland surface water for various uses including aquaculture (FAOLEX, 2018; Modal et al, 2015). The CoC sets farm and hatchery level water quality standards for effluent, but these are farm-focused and voluntary. 

The DoF is responsible for CoC audits, however, adherence to the CoC is voluntary and there is no information on compliance with these standards. 

Disease Impact and Risk Reduction

Industry is protected from catastrophic losses through best practice disease management on farm and at the zone level.

Very little disease outbreak or control data are available. Some qualitative information on notifiable diseases is available from the OIE WAHIS database and NACA’s QAAD reports(NACA et al. 2017)(World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) 2017)

The import of PL has stopped (Seafood Watch 2017). Disease control measures are limited to general farm biosecurity measures outlined in the National Shrimp Policy and voluntary CoC and GAP (BSFF 2017)(DoF and BSFF 2015). There are no identifiable coordinated disease reporting or prevention systems for shrimp or any other aquatic animals. 

General farm-level bio-security measures are outlined in the CoC. CoC certification is available via a DoF audit (DoF and BSFF 2015). However, these are voluntary standards and do not apply to the whole industry.  

Marine Feed Ingredient Management

The fishmeal and oil in aquaculture feed is sourced from well managed or improving fisheries.

There are no BAP certified feed manufactures in Bangladesh (GAA 2017). Local feed companies are identifiable (e.g. Aman Feed Ltd, Charoen Pokphand Group (CP) -  Bangladesh, and Popular Poultry & Fish Feeds Ltd), but there is no information on source fisheries available (Aman Feed Ltd 2017)(BBD 2014)(CPB 2013)

Companies such as CP provide international annual sustainability reports which outline their commitment with regards to the improvement of source fisheries (CP 2016), but there is no evidence of coordinated responses to improving feed sourcing.​

Statistics:

To see data for Production, please view this site on a desktop.
To see data for Water Quality Monitoring, please view this site on a desktop.
No data available for Disease Reporting
No data available for Disease Reporting
Data Notes

Total production - Figures supplied by DoF, Fisheries Resources Survey System (Azad 2017)(FRSS 2015)(FRSS 2016).

Number of Licensed/Registered farms - Not available. The Department of Fisheries (DoF)’s FRSS report the total area for shrimp farms in hectares (ha) at the district and provincial level, but the number of farms is not recorded (Azad 2017)(FRSS 2015)(FRSS 2016). 

Number of waterbodies used for aquaculture with public reporting - Water quality for three rivers located in Khulna is provided by the river water quality reports, the most recent was 2014 (Mondal et al. 2015). 

Aquaculture Improvement Projects (AIPs)

No related AIPs

Certifications & Codes of Good Practice

Certified Farms

To see data for Certified Farms, please view this site on a desktop.

Certified Production

No data available
No data available

Data Notes

Certified Farms

The information presented here is based on publicly available information from the respective certification websites. The unit of certification varies between the different Certification schemes.

  • For ASC,  we report only the number of farms that are listed as certified on their website. We do not include farms that are in assessment.
  • For BAP, we report only the farms that are certified. We do not include hatcheries, processing facilities, or farms in the iBAP program.
  • For GlobalG.A.P., we report the number of fish farming companies that are certified. The number of farms operated by companies certified by GlobalG.A.P is not publicly available. We do not include certified companies that only operate hatcheries. 

Production Volume

  • The ASC does publish certified production volume by country, but data is not available at the province/state level. Information presented here is manually compiled from publicly available certification audits on a semi-annual basis.
  •  Certified production volume data is not publicly available from BAP or GlobalG.A.P.

BACKGROUND

Ecosystem

Khulna District is situated in south-west Bangladesh and is part of Bangladesh coastal zone on the Bay of Bengal. It contains the Mongla and Passur rivers. 17% of land is currently used for shrimp/prawn farming and a further 15% for finfish culture. Agriculture accounts for 46% (Kashem et al. 2017) . Khulna also incorporates part of the Sunderban mangrove forest - the world’s largest single tract of mangrove forest (which has been declared a Ramsar Site by the Ramsar Authority, a Natural World Heritage Site by United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), and an Ecologically Sensitive Area by the Bangladesh Government (Chowdhury et al. 2016)(Kashem et al. 2017).

Threats to the region include the combined effects of mangrove forest destruction and climate change (Siddiqui 2014). There are also repeated concerns over the impact of shrimp farming on mangrove ecosystems and the degradation/salinization of agricultural land (IMF 2013)(Islam 2008)(Paul and Vogl 2011)(Seafood Watch 2017). 

Biology of farmed stock

Shrimp farming relies on PL from government and private hatcheries that in turn rely on wild-caught broodstock. By the end of 2020, 75 private shrimp hatchers are planned (FAO and Government of Bangladesh 2014).

Fish farming history

Aquaculture has a long history in Bangladesh and is characterized by the production of numerous species in mainly extensive and extended extensive systems, as well as some semi-intensive and occasionally intensive systems (Ahmed 2013)(Debnath et al. 2013)(FAO 2005)(Portley 2016)

Shrimp culture started in the 1970s in the southeastern coastal belt in ghers – traditional earthen ponds or fields surrounded by canals and situated near to rivers or estuarine systems (Islam et al, 2016). These were used to grow rice from August to January and shrimp culture would take place from February to August. Rice-fish culture became commonplace and grew from 20,000 hectares in 1980 to around 217,000 in 2008. During the 1990s, farms were converted into semi-intensive and intensive farms due to increasing demand from domestic and international markets (Islam et al. 2016). However, disease outbreaks such as WSD led to falls in production during the late 90s and early 2000s (Tasnoova et al. 2015). Currently, shrimp farming is concentrated in southern Bangladesh in Khulna, Chittagong, and Barisal Divisions. Over 80% of national production is concentrated in Khulna (Hossain et al. 2013)(Hossain et al. 2013)(Portley 2016). Farming systems have evolved over time, but shrimp farming is still mainly conducted in ghers via extensive and improved extensive systems with some semi-intensive and intensive farms (Ahmed 2013)(Debnath et al. 2013)(Hossain et al. 2013)(Portley 2016)(Shamsuzzaman et al. 2017).  

Laws and Institutions

Legislation - Responsible instutions - Relevant activities.

The National Shrimp Policy, 2014 - MoFL - Aims to increase shrimp production and exports. 
Shrimp estate (mohal) Management Ordinance - Ministry of Land - Allocates areas suitable for shrimp culture.

Hatchery Act, 2010 - MoFL - Increase fish production through optimum utilization of resources – includes a section on coastal shrimp farms.

The Environmental Protection Act, 1995 - MoEF - Ecologically critical areas and restriction on the operation and process which can be conducted within them. Environmental clearance for industrial enterprises, water quality standards, and wastewater discharge limits. 

The Environment Conservation Rules, 1997 - MoEF - Industries are classified according to their potential impact on the environment. Fish, prawns and shrimp processing is categorized under Orange-B – requiring a detailed Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) and the submission of environmental management plans to the Department of the Environment (DoE) before receiving an Environmental Clearance Certificate. 

Fish and Animal Feed Act, 2010 - MoFL - Safe fish and animal feed production, processing and quality control.

Fish and Fish Product Rules, 1997 amended 2008 - MoFL - Quality control for fish and shrimp products targeted at exports. 

The Fish and Fish Product (Inspection and Quality Control) Ordinance, 1983 - Prohibits the operation of a fish processing and packing plant without a license and requires that export products require a health certificate.

National Water Policy, 1999 - MoWR - The exploration, management and use of water resources in Bangladesh.

The Water Act 2013 - MoWR - Covers multiple water uses – plus the creation of a National Water Resources Council and a Water Executive Committee whose activities shall include promoting national water resources planning, monitoring and evaluation and developing integrated water use.

Management Timetable

No information available. 

Stakeholders

Government

Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock

  •  Department of Fisheries
  • Fisheries and Livestock Information Office

Ministry of Environment and Forests

  • Department of Environment
  • Ministry of Water Resources

Producer and Export Associations

  • Fish Farm Owners Association, Bangladesh
  • Bangladesh Aquaculture Alliance
  • Shrimp Hatchery Association of Bangladesh
  • Shrimp Farm Owners’ Association
  • Bangladesh Fish and Shrimp Exporters Association
  • Bangladesh Frozen Foods Exporters Association
  • The Feed Industries Association, Bangladesh

Non-Government Organizations

  • Bangladesh Shrimp and Fish Foundation 

Sources

References

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